Forums/Muscle Premium for Android/Product Overview

Release notes (September 2013)

Steve Graham
posted this on September 11, 2013 03:51 PM

Muscle Premium for Android
Version Number: x.x.x
Release Date: September 2013

This document explains content and functionality in the first release of Muscle Premium for Android. 

The content described includes the free neck region, as well as the additional content available through the All Body Regions in-app purchase.

== These notes describe the contents in each section of the app ==

This app includes:
+ 600 3D anatomical structures of muscles and 200+ 3D anatomical structures of bones and ligaments.
+ 500+ 3D anatomical structures of the peripheral nervous system.
+ Definitions and pronunciations for all structures.
+ Quizzes for the muscles. 
+ 2,000 pins that reveal origin and insertions and a painted skeleton that shows surface areas of muscle attachments 
to bone.
+ Hundreds of moving muscles organized into 58 action Views.  


The following document details how this content is organized.

MUSCLE ATTACHMENTS: Study origins and insertions and attachment areas
This section offers a specific 3D interactive view for each muscle. These views include (1) the muscle with surrounding
skeleton (2) pins that mark the origin and insertion points for each muscle (2) An optional painted skeleton that
reveals the surface area of attachment. There are also views that show each muscle within its regional or/and functional group. All these views feature extensive interactive functionality including the ability to get more information about the
structures on screen (definition, pronunciation, origin and insertion pins, and bone landmarks, and related muscle
actions), and the ability to edit the View (by adding/removing/fading structures, zooming/rotating, annotating or
screen capturing the View). The Views in this section are organized by region and/or function as follows. 1. Head Eye Expression Mouth Expression Nose Expression Scalp Expression Extraocular eye movement Tongue Deep mastication Superficial mastication 2. Neck Infrahyoids Laryngeal Scalenes Sternocleidomastoid Suprahyoids 3. Shoulder and Arm Anterior shoulder joint Posterior shoulder joint Deltoids Rotator cuff Anterior arm Posterior arm Elbow joint Elbow extensors Elbow flexors 4. Spine and Back Iliocostalis Longissimus Spinalis Multifidus Prevertebral Splenius Suboccipital Rotatores Interspinales Intertransversarii Semispinalis 5. Thorax Anterior thorax Intercostals Posterior thorax Diaphragm Arm movements Expiration Inspiration Pectoral girdle movements 6. Forearm and Hand Anterior superficial forearm Anterior deep forearm Posterior superficial forearm Posterior deep forearm Superficial hand Deep hand Forearm pronators/supinators Wrist extensors Wrist flexors Hand, abduction/adduction Digits, flexion Digits, opposition 7. Abdomen Rectus sheath Abdomen rotation Spine flexion (abdominal muscles) 8. Hip Lateral rotators Gluteal muscles 9. Pelvis Deep perineum Pelvic diaphragm Urogenital triangle 10. Leg Anterior upper leg Medial upper leg Posterior upper leg (hamstrings) Inner hip Quadriceps Upper leg adductors Anterior and lateral lower leg Posterior lower leg Knee joint Knee extensors Knee flexors Ankle joint Plantarflexion (extension) Dorsiflexion (flexion) 11. Foot Dorsum Plantar layer 1 Plantar layer 2 Plantar layer 3 Plantar layer 4 Foot eversion Foot inversion 1st digit Digits 2-5 Digits, abduction/adduction Digits, flexion MUSCLE ACTIONS: Study muscle actions This section contains hundreds of moving muscles organized into 58 muscle action Views. These action Views play
actions such as rotation, abduction/adduction, and protraction/retraction. The views include the muscles and bones
involved in the action, and supporting muscles and bones. All these views feature extensive interactive functionality including the ability to get more information about the
structures on screen (name, definition & pronunciation for each structure in View and an info button that describes
muscles in the action) and the ability to view the action from four preset views or from various other perspectives
(by using the zoom, rotate, and pan functionality). The action Views in this section are organized by region and/or function as follows. Head rotation (contralateral) Head rotation (ipsilateral) Mandible depression Mandible elevation Mandible protraction Mandible retraction Neck/head extension Neck/head flexion Neck/head lateral flexion Elbow extension Elbow flexion Scapula abduction Scapula adduction Scapula depression Scapula downward rotation Scapula elevation Scapula upward rotation Shoulder abduction Shoulder adduction (coming soon) Shoulder extension Shoulder flexion Shoulder horizontal abduction Shoulder horizontal adduction Shoulder lateral rotation Shoulder medial rotation Spine extension Spine flexion Spine lateral flexion Spine rotation Ribs depression Ribs elevation Forearm pronation Forearm supination Hand digits 2-5 extension Hand digits 2-5 flexion Hand digits opposition Thumb extension Thumb flexion Wrist abduction Wrist adduction Wrist extension Wrist flexion Hip abduction Hip adduction Hip extension Hip flexion Hip medial rotation Hip lateral rotation (coming soon) Dorsiflexion Foot digits flexion Foot digits extension Foot eversion Foot inversion Knee extension Knee flexion Knee lateral rotation Knee medial rotation Plantarflexion MUSCLE ATTACHMENTS AND ACTIONS: Study all content together The Muscle Attachments and Actions section takes all the views in the two sections above (the Muscle Actions section
and the Muscle Attachments section) and organizes them into one menu, allowing a user to access a menu that all
available preset content for each muscle. The organization of body regions and groups is the same as in the Muscle Attachments section. REGION VIEWS: View the multiple muscles in each body region The Region Views section contains a regional listing of 3D interactive views of major muscle groups. In addition to
muscles and bones, Region Views contain relevant nerves and ligaments in the region to provide additional anatomical
context. All these views feature extensive interactive functionality including the ability to get more information
about the structures on screen (definition, pronunciation, origin and insertion pins, and bone landmarks, and related
muscle actions), and the ability to edit the View (by adding/removing/fading structures, zooming/rotating, annotating
or screen capturing the View). The Views in this section are organized by region and group as follows. 1. Head Head region Head Expression Mastication 2. Neck Neck region Anterior neck Posterior neck Laryngeal region 3. Shoulder and Arm Shoulder region Shoulder girdle Shoulder girdle and arm Arm 4. Spine and Back Back region Back Upper back Lower back 5. Thorax Thoracic region Anterior thorax Posterior thorax 6. Forearm and Hand Forearm region Forearm Hand region Hand 7. Abdomen Abdominal region Abdomen Anterior abdomen Posterior abdomen 8. Hip Hip region Anterior hip Lateral hip 9. Pelvis Pelvic region Superior pelvis Anterior pelvis Posterior pelvis 10. Leg Leg region Knee region Upper leg Lower leg 11. Foot Foot region Foot Plantar foot Dorsum foot SKELETON VIEWS: Study each bones and its attaching muscles The Skeleton Views section contains a regional listing of 3D interactive views of the skeleton. Paint and pins on
each bone are shown to indicate muscle attachments. All these views feature extensive interactive functionality including the ability to get more information about the
structures on screen (definition, pronunciation, origin and insertion pins, and bone landmarks, and related muscle
actions), and the ability to edit the View (by adding/removing/fading structures, zooming/rotating, annotating or
screen capturing the View). The Views in this section are organized by region and bone as follows. 1. Head Facial skeleton Mandible Frontal bone Temporal bone Parietal bone Occipital bone Sphenoid bone 2. Neck C01 Atlas C02 Axis C05 Cervical vertebra Laryngeal skeleton Hyoid 3. Shoulder and Arm Shoulder girdle Scapula Clavicles and manubrium Humerus Elbow joint 4. Spine and Back C01 Atlas C02 Axis C05 Cervical vertebra T05 Thoracic vertebra L01 Lumbar vertebra Sacral spine 5. Thorax True rib 01 True rib 02 True rib 04 False rib 08 Floating ribs 11-12 Sternum 6. Forearm and Hand Radius Ulna Carpals 1st digit (thumb) 2nd digit 5th digit 7. Abdomen Anterior abdomen Posterior abdomen Lateral abdomen Abdomen and pelvic girdle 8. Hip Anterior hip joint Posterior hip joint Lateral hip joint Trochanter of the femur 9. Pelvis Ilium Ischium Pubis Pubic symphysis Sacral spine 10. Leg Femur Knee joint Tibia Fibula 11. Foot Calcaneus Tarsals 1st digit (great toe) 2nd digit 5th digit QUIZZES The Quiz section contains 55 quizzes and over 250 questions on muscular anatomy. List of quizzes: 1. Eye expression 2. Mouth expression 3. Nose expression 4. Scalp expression 5. Extraocular eye movement 6. Tongue 7. Mastication 8. Neck 9. Laryngeal 10. Shoulder joint 11. Arm 12. Anterior forearm 13. Posterior forearm 14. Superficial hand 15. Deep hand 16. Erector spinae 17. Suboccipital, prevertebral, splenius 18. Transversospinalis 19. Anterior thorax 20. Intercostals 21. Posterior thorax 22. Abdomen 23. Hip 24. Inner hip 25. Pelvic floor 26. Anterior upper leg 27. Medial upper leg 28. Posterior upper leg (hamstrings) 29. Anterior and lateral lower leg 30. Posterior lower leg 31. Foot 32. Head I 33. Head II 34. Head III 35. Head IV 36. Neck and laryngeal I 37. Neck and laryngeal II 38. Shoulder and arm I 39. Shoulder and arm II 40. Forearm and hand I 41. Forearm and hand II 42. Forearm and hand III 43. Back I 44. Back II 45. Back III 46. Back IV 47. Thorax I 48. Thorax II 49. Abdomen and pelvic floor 50. Hip and upper leg I 51. Hip and upper leg II 52. Hip and upper leg III 53. Lower leg and foot I 54. Lower leg and foot II 55. Lower leg and foot III INDEX The Index section contains an alphabetical listing of all muscles in the body. Each muscle listing launches a dropdown
menu that includes the 3D interactive view of the muscle with its pins and any relevant action views for that muscle. HELP The Help section includes a video tutorial and text help sections describing app functionality. List of all 800+ anatomical structures in this application ======================================================= Structures in Each Body System Included in this Release ======================================================= Muscular System Pelvis Pelvis, L Levator ani, part (puborectalis and pubococcygeus) and prerectal fibers, L Iliococcygeus (part of levator ani), L Anal sphincter, internal, L Anal sphincter, external, L Coccygeus (ischiococcygeus), L Superficial transverse perineal, L Deep transverse perineal, L Pelvis, R Anal sphincter, external, R Coccygeus (ischiococcygeus), R Levator ani, part (puborectalis and pubococcygeus) and prerectal fibers, R Iliococcygeus (part of levator ani), R Anal sphincter, internal, R Deep transverse perineal, R Superficial transverse perineal, R Anococcygeal ligament Central tendon of urogenital diaphragm Abdomen Abdominals, L Internal oblique, L Transversus abdominis, L Pyramidalis, L Rectus abdominis, L External oblique, L Abdominals, R Internal oblique, R Transversus abdominis, R Pyramidalis, R Rectus abdominis, R External oblique, R Neck Neck, R Sternocleidomastoid, R Sternothyroid, R Thyrohyoid, R Scalene anterior (scalenus anterior), R Scalene posterior (scalenus posterior), R Scalene middle (scalenus medius), R Sternohyoid, R Digastric fibrous loop, R Stylohyoid, R Mylohyoid, R Digastric, R Omohyoid, R Neck, L Digastric, L Digastric fibrous loop, L Stylohyoid, L Mylohyoid, L Sternothyroid, L Thyrohyoid, L Scalene posterior (scalenus posterior), L Sternocleidomastoid, L Omohyoid, L Sternohyoid, L Scalene anterior (scalenus anterior), L Scalene middle (scalenus medius), L Pharyngeal constrictors Hip and gluteal region Hip and gluteal region, L Lateral rotators, L Superior gemellus, L Quadratus femoris, L Inferior gemellus, L Obturator internus, L Piriformis, L Obturator externus, L Gluteal muscles, L Gluteus medius, L Gluteus minimus, L Gluteus maximus, L Hip and gluteal region, R Lateral rotators, R Superior gemellus, R Quadratus femoris, R Inferior gemellus, R Obturator internus, R Obturator externus, R Piriformis, R Gluteal muscles, R Gluteus medius, R Gluteus maximus, R Gluteus minimus, R Thorax Diaphragm Thorax, L Thorax, posterior, left side Levator scapulae, L Trapezius, L Rhomboideus major, L Rhomboideus minor, L Serratus posterior superior, L Serratus posterior inferior, L Quadratus lumborum, L Levatores costarum (longi), L Levatores costarum (breves), L Thorax, anterior, left side Serratus anterior, L Sternalis, L Subclavius, L Pectoralis minor, L Intercostals, L External intercostal, L Internal intercostal, L Subcostal (innermost intercostal), L Transversus thoracis (innermost intercostal), L Thorax, R Thorax, posterior, right side Trapezius, R Rhomboideus major, R Rhomboideus minor, R Serratus posterior superior, R Quadratus lumborum, R Serratus posterior inferior, R Levatores costarum (breves), R Levatores costarum (longi), R Levator scapulae, R Thorax, anterior, right side Pectoralis minor, R Subclavius, R Sternalis, R Serratus anterior, R Intercostals, R External intercostal, R Internal intercostal, R Subcostal (innermost intercostal), R Transversus thoracis (innermost intercostal), R Back Deep back muscles (of the spine) Intrinsic muscles of the spine Intrinsic spinal muscles, R Erector spinae (extensor spinae, sacrospinalis), R Longissimus (intermediate tract), R Longissimus cervicis, R Longissimus capitis, R Longissimus thoracis, R Spinalis (medial tract), R Spinalis cervicis, R Spinalis thoracis, R Iliocostalis (lateral tract), R Iliocostalis thoracis, R Iliocostalis cervicis, R Iliocostalis lumborum, R Transversospinalis, R Semispinalis, R Semispinalis cervicis, R Semispinalis thoracis, R Semispinalis capitis (lateral fascicle), R Semispinalis capitis (medial fascicle), R Rotatores, R Rotatores longi, R Rotatores breves, R Segmental, R Interspinales, R Interspinales cervicis, R Interspinales lumborum, R Intertransversarii, R Intertransversarii posteriores cervicis, R Intertransversarii anteriores cervicis, R Intertransversarii mediales lumborum, R Intertransversarii laterales lumborum, R Multifidus, R Suboccipital, R Rectus capitis posterior minor, R Rectus capitis posterior major, R Obliquus capitis superior, R Obliquus capitis inferior, R Splenius (spinotransverse), R Splenius cervicis, R Splenius capitis, R Prevertebral, R Rectus capitis anterior, R Longus colli (vertical), R Longus colli (inferior oblique), R Longus capitis, R Rectus capitis lateralis, R Longus colli (superior oblique), R Intrinsic spinal muscles, L Erector spinae (extensor spinae, sacrospinalis), L Longissimus (intermediate tract), L Longissimus cervicis, L Longissimus capitis, L Longissimus thoracis, L Spinalis (medial tract), L Spinalis cervicis, L Spinalis thoracis, L Iliocostalis (lateral tract), L Iliocostalis thoracis, L Iliocostalis cervicis, L Iliocostalis lumborum, L Transversospinalis, L Semispinalis, L Semispinalis cervicis, L Semispinalis thoracis, L Semispinalis capitis (lateral fascicle), L Semispinalis capitis (medial fascicle), L Rotatores, L Rotatores longi, L Rotatores breves, L Segmental, L Interspinales, L Interspinales cervicis, L Interspinales lumborum, L Intertransversarii, L Intertransversarii posteriores cervicis, L Intertransversarii anteriores cervicis, L Intertransversarii mediales lumborum, L Intertransversarii laterales lumborum, L Multifidus, L Suboccipital, L Rectus capitis posterior minor, L Rectus capitis posterior major, L Obliquus capitis superior, L Obliquus capitis inferior, L Splenius (spinotransverse), L Splenius cervicis, L Splenius capitis, L Prevertebral, L Rectus capitis anterior, L Longus colli (vertical), L Longus colli (inferior oblique), L Longus capitis, L Rectus capitis lateralis, L Longus colli (superior oblique), L Head Tongue Extrinsic muscles of the tongue Extrinsic muscles (of tongue), L Geniohyoid, L Genioglossus, L Styloglossus, L Palatoglossus, L Hyoglossus, L Extrinsic muscles (of tongue), R Genioglossus, R Geniohyoid, R Styloglossus, R Palatoglossus, R Hyoglossus, R Tongue Laryngeal muscles Laryngeal muscles, L Lateral cricoarytenoid, L Posterior cricoarytenoid, L Cricothyroid (oblique part), L Cricothyroid (straight part), L Aryepiglottic fold, L Vocalis, L Thyroarytenoid, L Thyroepiglottic, L Aryepiglottic, L Laryngeal muscles, R Lateral cricoarytenoid, R Posterior cricoarytenoid, R Cricothyroid (oblique part), R Cricothyroid (straight part), R Aryepiglottic fold, R Vocalis, R Aryepiglottic, R Thyroarytenoid, R Thyroepiglottic, R Transverse arytenoid Oblique arytenoid Expression Expression, R Risorius, R Nasalis, alar portion, R Depressor anguli oris (triangularis), R Depressor labii inferioris, R Depressor septi, R Mentalis, R Zygomaticus major, R Buccinator, R Zygomaticus minor, R Levator labii superioris alaeque nasi, R Levator labii superioris, R Levator anguli oris, R Nasalis, transverse portion, R Depressor supercilii, R Procerus, R Corrugator supercilii, R Orbicularis oculi, R Auricularis anterior, R Auricularis superior, R Auricularis posterior, R Platysma, R Occipitofrontalis (epicranius), R Expression, L Auricularis posterior, L Auricularis anterior, L Auricularis superior, L Buccinator, L Corrugator supercilii, L Depressor anguli oris (triangularis), L Depressor labii inferioris, L Depressor septi, L Depressor supercilii, L Levator anguli oris, L Levator labii superioris alaeque nasi, L Mentalis, L Nasalis, alar portion, L Nasalis, transverse portion, L Procerus, L Risorius, L Zygomaticus major, L Zygomaticus minor, L Orbicularis oculi, L Levator labii superioris, L Platysma, L Occipitofrontalis (epicranius), L Orbicularis oris Mastication Mastication, R Masseter, deep, R Masseter, superficial, R Temporalis, R Medial pterygoid, R Lateral pterygoid (inferior head), R Lateral pterygoid (superior head), R Mastication, L Masseter, deep, L Masseter, superficial, L Temporalis, L Medial pterygoid, L Lateral pterygoid (inferior head), L Lateral pterygoid (superior head), L Extraocular Extraocular, R Lateral rectus, R Inferior rectus, R Superior rectus, R Superior oblique, R Medial rectus, R Levator palpebrae superioris, R Inferior oblique, R Common tendinous ring (annulus of Zinn), R Extraocular, L Superior oblique, L Superior rectus, L Medial rectus, L Inferior rectus, L Lateral rectus, L Inferior oblique, L Levator palpebrae superioris, L Common tendinous ring (annulus of Zinn), L Shoulder girdle Shoulder joint, R Shoulder joint, anterior, R Coracobrachialis, R Pectoralis major, R Shoulder joint, posterior, R Deltoid, R Deltoid, anterior head, R Deltoid, middle head, R Deltoid, posterior head, R Teres major, R Rotator cuff, R Supraspinatus, R Infraspinatus, R Subscapularis, R Teres minor, R Latissimus dorsi, R Shoulder joint, L Shoulder joint, anterior, L Coracobrachialis, L Pectoralis major, L Shoulder joint, posterior, L Deltoid, L Deltoid, anterior head, L Deltoid, middle head, L Deltoid, posterior head, L Rotator cuff, L Teres minor, L Infraspinatus, L Subscapularis, L Supraspinatus, L Teres major, L Latissimus dorsi, L Upper limb Arm, R Elbow joint, R Elbow joint, anterior, R Biceps brachii, short head, R Biceps brachii, long head, R Brachialis, R Brachioradialis, R Bicipital aponeurosis, R Elbow joint, posterior, R Triceps (triceps brachii), lateral head, R Triceps (triceps brachii), long head, R Triceps (triceps brachii) tendon, R Anconeus, R Triceps (brachii), medial head, R Hand, R Superficial (of hand), R Adductor pollicis, R Abductor pollicis brevis, R Abductor digiti minimi (hand), R Lumbrical 2nd, R Lumbrical 1st, R Palmaris brevis, R Lumbrical 4th, R Lumbrical 3rd, R Deep (of hand), R Opponens pollicis, R Opponens digiti minimi (hand), R Flexor pollicis brevis, R Palmar interosseous 3rd, R Palmar interosseous 2nd, R Palmar interosseous 1st, R Flexor digiti minimi brevis (hand), R Dorsal interosseous 1st, R Dorsal interosseous 2nd, R Dorsal interosseous 3rd, R Dorsal interosseous 4th, R Forearm Forearm, anterior, R Superficial (of forearm, anterior), R Palmaris longus, R Flexor carpi ulnaris, R Flexor carpi radialis, R Pronator teres, R Flexor digitorum superficialis, R Deep (of forearm, anterior), R Flexor digitorum profundus, R Flexor pollicis longus, R Pronator quadratus, R Forearm, posterior, R Deep (of forearm, posterior), R Extensor pollicis brevis, R Abductor pollicis longus, R Supinator, R Extensor pollicis longus, R Extensor indicis, R Superficial (of forearm, posterior), R Extensor digitorum, R Extensor carpi radialis brevis, R Extensor carpi radialis longus, R Extensor digiti minimi, R Extensor carpi ulnaris, R Arm, L Elbow joint, L Elbow joint, anterior, L Biceps brachii, short head, L Biceps brachii, long head, L Brachialis, L Brachioradialis, L Bicipital aponeurosis, L Elbow joint, posterior, L Triceps (triceps brachii), lateral head, L Triceps (triceps brachii), long head, L Triceps (triceps brachii) tendon, L Anconeus, L Triceps (brachii), medial head, L Hand, L Superficial (of hand), L Adductor pollicis, L Abductor pollicis brevis, L Abductor digiti minimi (hand), L Lumbrical 2nd, L Lumbrical 1st, L Palmaris brevis, L Lumbrical 4th, L Lumbrical 3rd, L Deep (of hand), L Opponens pollicis, L Opponens digiti minimi (hand), L Flexor pollicis brevis, L Palmar interosseous 3rd, L Palmar interosseous 2nd, L Palmar interosseous 1st, L Flexor digiti minimi brevis (hand), L Dorsal interosseous 1st, L Dorsal interosseous 2nd, L Dorsal interosseous 3rd, L Dorsal interosseous 4th, L Forearm Forearm, anterior, L Superficial (of forearm, anterior), L Palmaris longus, L Flexor carpi ulnaris, L Flexor carpi radialis, L Pronator teres, L Flexor digitorum superficialis, L Deep (of forearm, anterior), L Flexor digitorum profundus, L Flexor pollicis longus, L Pronator quadratus, L Forearm, posterior, L Superficial (of forearm, posterior), L Extensor digitorum, L Extensor carpi radialis brevis, L Extensor carpi radialis longus, L Extensor digiti minimi, L Extensor carpi ulnaris, L Deep (of forearm, posterior), L Extensor pollicis brevis, L Abductor pollicis longus, L Supinator, L Extensor pollicis longus, L Extensor indicis, L Lower extremity Lower limb, R Proximal (upper) leg (thigh) Anterior compartment (of proximal leg), R Quadriceps femoris (quadriceps, quadriceps extensor, quads), R Rectus femoris, R Vastus lateralis, R Vastus intermedius, R Vastus medialis, R Sartorius, R Iliotibial (Maissiat's) tract (band), R Tensor fascia lata (fasciae latae), R Articularis genu, R Posterior compartment (of proximal leg), R Biceps femoris, short head, R Semitendinosus, R Biceps femoris, long head, R Semimembranosus, R Medial compartment (of proximal leg), R Adductors Adductor longus, R Adductor brevis, R Adductor magnus, R Pectineus, R Gracilis, R Iliacus, R Psoas major, R Psoas minor, R Distal (lower) leg Posterior compartment (of distal leg), R Popliteus, R Flexor digitorum longus, R Plantaris, R Flexor hallucis longus, R Tibialis posterior, R Soleus (triceps surae, part), R Achilles tendon (calcaneal tendon, triceps surae, part), R Gastrocnemius (triceps surae, part), R Lateral compartment (of distal leg), R Fibularis (peroneus) longus, R Fibularis (peroneus) brevis, R Anterior compartment (of distal leg), R Fibularis (peroneus) tertius, R Extensor digitorum longus, R Extensor hallucis longus, R Tibialis anterior, R Foot Dorsum (of foot) Extensor hallucis brevis, R Extensor digitorum brevis, R Plantar (sole) Layer 3 (of foot), R Adductor hallucis (transverse head), R Adductor hallucis (oblique head), R Flexor digiti minimi brevis (foot), R Flexor hallucis brevis, R Opponens digiti minimi (foot), R Layer 4 (of foot), R Dorsal interossei (foot), R Plantar interossei, R Layer 1 (of foot), R Flexor digitorum brevis, R Abductor digiti minimi (foot), R Abductor hallucis, R Layer 2 (of foot), R Lumbricals (foot), R Quadratus plantae (flexor accessorius), R Lower limb, L Proximal (upper) leg (thigh) Medial compartment (of proximal leg), L Adductors Adductor longus, L Adductor brevis, L Adductor magnus, L Pectineus, L Gracilis, L Anterior compartment (of proximal leg), L Quadriceps femoris (quadriceps, quadriceps extensor, quads), L Rectus femoris, L Vastus lateralis, L Vastus intermedius, L Vastus medialis, L Tensor fascia lata (fasciae latae), L Iliotibial (Maissiat's) tract (band), L Sartorius, L Articularis genu, L Posterior compartment (of proximal leg), L Biceps femoris, long head, L Biceps femoris, short head, L Semimembranosus, L Semitendinosus, L Psoas major, L Psoas minor, L Iliacus, L Distal (lower) leg Lateral compartment (of distal leg), L Fibularis (peroneus) longus, L Fibularis (peroneus) brevis, L Posterior compartment (of distal leg), L Achilles tendon (calcaneal tendon, triceps surae, part), L Flexor hallucis longus, L Gastrocnemius (triceps surae, part), L Tibialis posterior, L Plantaris, L Popliteus, L Soleus (triceps surae, part), L Flexor digitorum longus, L Anterior compartment (of distal leg), L Tibialis anterior, L Fibularis (peroneus) tertius, L Extensor hallucis longus, L Extensor digitorum longus, L Foot Dorsum (of foot) Extensor digitorum brevis, L Extensor hallucis brevis, L Plantar (sole) Layer 4 (of foot), L Dorsal interossei (foot), L Plantar interossei, L Layer 2 (of foot), L Lumbricals (foot), L Quadratus plantae (flexor accessorius), L Layer 1 (of foot), L Flexor digitorum brevis, L Abductor hallucis, L Abductor digiti minimi (foot), L Layer 3 (of foot), L Flexor hallucis brevis, L Flexor digiti minimi brevis (foot), L Adductor hallucis (oblique head), L Adductor hallucis (transverse head), L Opponens digiti minimi (foot), L Skeletal System Appendicular Upper limb Upper limb, L Hand, L Phalanges (hand), L 1st Digit (pollex), phalanges (hand), L 1st Proximal phalanx (pollex), L 1st Distal phalanx (pollex), L 2nd Digit, phalanges (hand), L 2nd Proximal phalanx (hand), L 2nd Middle phalanx (hand), L 2nd Distal phalanx (hand), L 3rd Digit, phalanges (hand), L 3rd Middle phalanx (hand), L 3rd Proximal phalanx (hand), L 3rd Distal phalanx (hand), L 5th Digit, phalanges (hand), L 5th Distal phalanx (hand), L 5th Proximal phalanx (hand), L 5th Middle phalanx (hand), L 4th Digit, phalanges (hand), L 4th Distal phalanx (hand), L 4th Middle phalanx (hand), L 4th Proximal phalanx (hand), L Metacarpus (metacarpals), L 1st Metacarpal (pollex), L 2nd Metacarpal, L 3rd Metacarpal, L 4th Metacarpal, L 5th Metacarpal, L Carpus (carpals), L Trapezoid, L Lunate, L Pisiform, L Capitate, L Triquetral (triangular), L Hamate, L Scaphoid, L Trapezium, L Ligaments of the wrist and hand, L Ulnocarpal joint (articular disc), L Extensor retinaculum, L Dorsal radioulnar ligament, L Flexor retinaculum (wrist), L Interphalangeal joints (ligaments), L Interphalangeal (proximal) articular capsules of the hand (PIP joints), L Interphalangeal (distal) articular capsules of the hand (DIP joints), L Interphalangeal articular capsule of pollex, L Metacarpal ligaments, L Deep transverse metacarpal ligaments, L Superficial transverse metacarpal ligaments, L Dorsal metacarpal ligaments, L Palmar metacarpal ligaments, L Radiocarpal and ulnocarpal ligaments, L Palmar (volar) radioulnar ligament, L Palmar radiocarpal ligament, radioscapholunate, L Palmar radiocarpal ligament, radiotriquetral, L Palmar radiocarpal ligament, radiocapitate, L Palmar ulnocarpal ligament (ulnolunate and ulnotriquetral), L Ulnar collateral ligament, pisiform portion (internal lateral ligament, ulnar carpal collateral
ligament), L Dorsal radiocarpal ligament, L Radial collateral ligament, L Intercarpal ligaments, L Dorsal intercarpal ligaments, L Distal intercarpal ligaments, L Palmar intercarpal ligament (scaphotrapezium), L Scaphocapitate ligament, L Radiate carpal ligament, scaphotrapezial, L Radiate carpal ligament, lunotriquetral, L Radiate carpal ligament, capitotrapezial, L Radiate carpal ligament, capitohamate, L Pisohamate ligament, L Radiate carpal ligament, L Metacarpophalangeal ligaments, L Metacarpophalangeal articular capsule of pollex, L Metacarpophalangeal articular capsules, L Carpometacarpal ligaments, L Palmar (volar) carpometacarpal ligament, L Dorsal carpometacarpal ligaments, L Carpometacarpal articular capsule of pollex, L Ulna (forearm, antebrachium), L Radius (forearm, antebrachium), L Humerus (arm, brachium), L Interosseous membrane (antebrachial), L Ligaments of the elbow, L Annular ligament of radius, L Ulnar collateral ligament, transverse, L Ulnar collateral ligament, anterior, L Articular capsule (elbow), L Radial collateral ligament, L Ulnar collateral ligament, L Oblique cord (elbow), L Upper limb, R Hand, R Phalanges (hand), R 1st Digit (pollex), phalanges (hand), R 1st Proximal phalanx (pollex), R 1st Distal phalanx (pollex), R 2nd Digit, phalanges (hand), R 2nd Proximal phalanx (hand), R 2nd Middle phalanx (hand), R 2nd Distal phalanx (hand), R 3rd Digit, phalanges (hand), R 3rd Middle phalanx (hand), R 3rd Proximal phalanx (hand), R 3rd Distal phalanx (hand), R 5th Digit, phalanges (hand), R 5th Distal phalanx (hand), R 5th Proximal phalanx (hand), R 5th Middle phalanx (hand), R 4th Digit, phalanges (hand), R 4th Distal phalanx (hand), R 4th Middle phalanx (hand), R 4th Proximal phalanx (hand), R Metacarpus (metacarpals), R 1st Metacarpal (pollex), R 2nd Metacarpal, R 3rd Metacarpal, R 4th Metacarpal, R 5th Metacarpal, R Carpus (carpals), R Trapezoid, R Lunate, R Pisiform, R Capitate, R Triquetral (triangular), R Scaphoid, R Trapezium, R Hamate, R Ligaments of the wrist and hand, R Flexor retinaculum (wrist), R Extensor retinaculum, R Carpometacarpal ligaments, R Palmar (volar) carpometacarpal ligament, R Dorsal carpometacarpal ligaments, R Carpometacarpal articular capsule of pollex, R Interphalangeal joints (ligaments), R Interphalangeal (proximal) articular capsules of the hand (PIP joints), R Interphalangeal (distal) articular capsules of the hand (DIP joints), R Interphalangeal articular capsule of pollex, R Metacarpal ligaments, R Palmar metacarpal ligaments, R Dorsal metacarpal ligaments, R Superficial transverse metacarpal ligaments, R Deep transverse metacarpal ligaments, R Radiocarpal and ulnocarpal ligaments, R Palmar ulnocarpal ligament (ulnolunate and ulnotriquetral), R Palmar radiocarpal ligament, radiocapitate part, R Palmar radiocarpal ligament, radiotriquetral part, R Dorsal radiocarpal ligament, R Palmar (volar) radioulnar ligament, R Palmar radiocarpal ligament, radioscapholunate part, R Radial collateral ligament, R Ulnar collateral ligament, pisiform portion (internal lateral ligament, ulnar carpal collateral
ligament), R Intercarpal ligaments, R Distal intercarpal ligaments, R Dorsal intercarpal ligaments, R Palmar intercarpal ligament (scaphotrapezium), R Pisohamate ligament, R Radiate carpal ligament, capitohamate, R Radiate carpal ligament, capitotrapezial, R Radiate carpal ligament, lunotriquetral, R Radiate carpal ligament, R Radiate carpal ligament, scaphotrapezial, R Scaphocapitate ligament, R Metacarpophalangeal ligaments, R Metacarpophalangeal articular capsules, R Metacarpophalangeal articular capsule of pollex, R Dorsal radioulnar ligament, R Ulnocarpal joint (articular disc), R Ulna (forearm, antebrachium), R Radius (forearm, antebrachium), R Humerus (arm, brachium), R Interosseous membrane (antebrachial), R Ligaments of the elbow, R Ulnar collateral ligament, R Ulnar collateral ligament, transverse, R Radial collateral ligament, R Annular ligament of radius, R Ulnar collateral ligament, anterior, R Articular capsule (elbow), R Oblique cord (elbow), R Lower limb Lower limb, L Foot, L Metatarsus (metatarsals), L 3rd Metatarsal, L 4th Metatarsal, L 1st Metatarsal (hallux), L 2nd Metatarsal, L 5th Metatarsal, L Tarsus (tarsals), L Cuboid, L Medial cuneiform, L Intermediate cuneiform, L Lateral cuneiform, L Navicular, L Talus, L Calcaneus, L Phalanges (foot), L 4th Digit, phalanges (foot), L 4th Proximal phalanx (foot), L 4th Middle phalanx (foot), L 4th Distal phalanx (foot), L 2nd Digit, phalanges (foot), L 2nd Proximal phalanx (foot), L 2nd Middle phalanx (foot), L 2nd Distal phalanx (foot), L 5th Digit, phalanges (foot), L 5th Proximal phalanx (foot), L 5th Middle phalanx (foot), L 5th Distal phalanx (foot), L 1st Digit (hallux), phalanges (foot), L 1st Distal phalanx (hallux), L 1st Proximal phalanx (hallux), L 3rd Digit, phalanges (foot), L 3rd Proximal phalanx (foot), L 3rd Middle phalanx (foot), L 3rd Distal phalanx (foot), L Ligaments of the ankle and foot, L Dorsal tarsometatarsal ligaments, L Talocrural ligaments (ankle joint), medial, L Medial (deltoid) ligament (anterior tibiotalar part), L Medial (deltoid) ligament (posterior tibiotalar part), L Medial (deltoid) ligament (tibiocalcaneal part), L Medial (deltoid) ligament (tibionavicular part), L Talocrural ligaments (ankle joint), lateral, L Lateral (collateral) ligament (anterior talofibular part), L Lateral (collateral) ligament (calcaneofibular part), L Lateral (collateral) ligament (posterior talofibular part), L Subtalar/talocalcaneal ligaments (joint), L Lateral talocalcaneal ligament, L Medial talocalcaneal ligament, L Posterior talocalcaneal ligament, L Interosseous (anterior) talocalcaneal ligament, L Transverse tarsal ligaments (joint), L Plantar calcaneonavicular (spring) ligament, L Dorsal calcaneocuboid ligaments, L Bifurcate (calcaneocuboid and calcaneonavicular) ligament, L Talonavicular ligament, L Plantar calcaneocuboid (short plantar) ligament, L Long plantar ligament, L Distal intertarsal ligaments, L Dorsal cuboideonavicular ligament, L Dorsal cuneonavicular ligament, L Plantar cuboideonavicular ligament, L Dorsal cuneocuboid ligament, L Dorsal intercuneiform ligaments, L Retinacula of the foot, L Superior extensor retinaculum, L Superior peroneal retinaculum, L Inferior extensor retinaculum, L Inferior peroneal retinaculum, L Metatarsophalangeal ligaments, L Metatarsophalangeal articular capsules, L Metatarsophalangeal articular capsule of hallux, L Interphalangeal ligaments, L Interphalangeal ligament of hallux, L Interphalangeal (proximal) ligaments of the foot (PIP joints), L Interphalangeal (distal) ligaments of the foot (DIP joints), L Metatarsal ligaments, L Deep transverse metatarsal ligament, L Dorsal metatarsal ligaments, L Plantar metatarsal ligaments, L Tibia (leg), L Fibula (leg), L Femur (thigh), L Ligaments of the hip, L Ischiofemoral ligament, L Iliofemoral ligament, L Pubofemoral ligament, L Ligaments of the knee, L Lateral meniscus, L Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), L Patellar ligament, L Lateral collateral (fibular collateral) ligament (LCL), L Medial meniscus, L Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), L Medial collateral (tibial collateral) ligament (MCL), L Patella (knee cap), L Tibiofibular ligaments, L Tibiofibular ligament, anterior, L Interosseous membrane of the leg (middle tibiofibular ligament), L Lower limb, R Foot, R Metatarsus (metatarsals), R 3rd Metatarsal, R 4th Metatarsal, R 1st Metatarsal (hallux), R 2nd Metatarsal, R 5th Metatarsal, R Tarsus (tarsals), R Cuboid, R Medial cuneiform, R Intermediate cuneiform, R Lateral cuneiform, R Navicular, R Talus, R Calcaneus, R Phalanges (foot), R 4th Digit, phalanges (foot), R 4th Proximal phalanx (foot), R 4th Middle phalanx (foot), R 4th Distal phalanx (foot), R 2nd Digit, phalanges (foot), R 2nd Proximal phalanx (foot), R 2nd Middle phalanx (foot), R 2nd Distal phalanx (foot), R 5th Digit, phalanges (foot), R 5th Proximal phalanx (foot), R 5th Middle phalanx (foot), R 5th Distal phalanx (foot), R 1st Digit (hallux), phalanges (foot), R 1st Distal phalanx (hallux), R 1st Proximal phalanx (hallux), R 3rd Digit, phalanges (foot), R 3rd Proximal phalanx (foot), R 3rd Middle phalanx (foot), R 3rd Distal phalanx (foot), R Ligaments of the ankle and foot, R Dorsal tarsometatarsal ligaments, R Talocrural ligaments (ankle joint), medial, R Medial (deltoid) ligament (anterior tibiotalar part), R Medial (deltoid) ligament (posterior tibiotalar part), R Medial (deltoid) ligament (tibiocalcaneal part), R Medial (deltoid) ligament (tibionavicular part), R Talocrural ligaments (ankle joint), lateral, R Lateral (collateral) ligament (anterior talofibular part), R Lateral (collateral) ligament (calcaneofibular part), R Lateral (collateral) ligament (posterior talofibular part), R Subtalar/talocalcaneal ligaments (joint), R Lateral talocalcaneal ligament, R Medial talocalcaneal ligament, R Posterior talocalcaneal ligament, R Interosseous (anterior) talocalcaneal ligament, R Transverse tarsal ligaments (joint), R Plantar calcaneonavicular (spring) ligament, R Bifurcate (calcaneocuboid and calcaneonavicular) ligament, R Dorsal calcaneocuboid ligaments, R Talonavicular ligament, R Plantar calcaneocuboid (short plantar) ligament, R Long plantar ligament, R Distal intertarsal ligaments, R Dorsal cuneonavicular ligament, R Dorsal cuboideonavicular ligament, R Plantar cuboideonavicular ligament, R Dorsal intercuneiform ligaments, R Dorsal cuneocuboid ligament, R Retinacula of the foot, R Superior extensor retinaculum, R Superior peroneal retinaculum, R Inferior extensor retinaculum, R Inferior peroneal retinaculum, R Metatarsophalangeal ligaments, R Metatarsophalangeal articular capsules, R Metatarsophalangeal articular capsule of hallux, R Metatarsal ligaments, R Dorsal metatarsal ligaments, R Deep transverse metatarsal ligament, R Plantar metatarsal ligaments, R Interphalangeal ligaments, R Interphalangeal ligament of hallux, R Interphalangeal (proximal) ligaments of the foot (PIP joints), R Interphalangeal (distal) ligaments of the foot (DIP joints), R Tibia (leg), R Fibula (leg), R Femur (thigh), R Ligaments of the hip, R Iliofemoral ligament, R Pubofemoral ligament, R Ischiofemoral ligament, R Ligaments of the knee, R Lateral meniscus, R Lateral collateral (fibular collateral) ligament (LCL), R Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), R Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), R Medial meniscus, R Medial collateral (tibial collateral) ligament (MCL), R Patellar ligament, R Patella (knee cap), R Tibiofibular ligaments, R Tibiofibular ligament, anterior, R Interosseous membrane of the leg (middle tibiofibular ligament), R Shoulder girdle Shoulder girdle, L Scapula, L Clavicle, L Ligaments of the shoulder girdle, L Sternoclavicular ligament, L Coracoclavicular ligament, trapezoid portion, L Coracoclavicular ligament, conoid portion, L Acromioclavicular ligament, L Superior transverse scapular ligament (forms suprascapular foramen), L Coracohumeral ligament, L Coracoacromial ligament, L Capsular ligament, L Shoulder girdle, R Scapula, R Clavicle, R Ligaments of the shoulder girdle, R Coracoacromial ligament, R Superior transverse scapular ligament (forms suprascapular foramen), R Acromioclavicular ligament, R Coracoclavicular ligament, conoid portion, R Coracoclavicular ligament, trapezoid portion, R Coracohumeral ligament, R Sternoclavicular ligament, R Capsular ligament, R Pelvic girdle Pubic symphysis Hip bones (innominate bones, os coxae), L Ischium, L Pubis, L Ilium, L Hip bones (innominate bones, os coxae), R Ischium, R Pubis, R Ilium, R Ligaments of the pelvis, L Iliolumbar ligament, L Anterior sacroiliac ligament, L Posterior sacroiliac ligament, L Sacrotuberous ligament, L Sacrospinous ligament, L Obturator membrane, L Inguinal ligament, L Ligaments of the pelvis, R Inguinal ligament, R Sacrotuberous ligament, R Sacrospinous ligament, R Obturator membrane, R Iliolumbar ligament, R Anterior sacroiliac ligament, R Posterior sacroiliac ligament, R Axial Skull Teeth Lower arch [26] Incisor, lateral, R [28] Premolar (bicuspid), first, R [29] Premolar (bicuspid), second, R [31] Molar, second, R [32] Molar, third (wisdom), R [22] Canine (cuspid), L [21] Premolar (bicuspid), first, L [20] Premolar (bicuspid), second, L [19] Molar, first, L [17] Molar, third (wisdom), L [25] Incisor, central, R [27] Canine (cuspid), R [30] Molar, first, R [24] Incisor, central, L [23] Incisor, lateral, L [18] Molar, second, L Upper arch [12] Premolar (bicuspid), first, L [13] Premolar (bicuspid), second, L [05] Premolar (bicuspid), first, R [04] Premolar (bicuspid), second, R [01] Molar, third (wisdom), R [08] Incisor, central, R [09] Incisor, central, L [10] Incisor, lateral, L [11] Canine (cuspid), L [14] Molar, first, L [15] Molar, second, L [16] Molar, third (wisdom), L [07] Incisor, lateral, R [06] Canine (cuspid), R [03] Molar, first, R [02] Molar, second, R Nasal cartilages Lateral (upper lateral nasal) cartilage, L Greater alar (major alar, lower lateral) cartilage, L Septal cartilage Lateral (upper lateral nasal) cartilage, R Greater alar (major alar, lower lateral) cartilage, R Facial skeleton (splanchnocranium, viscerocranium, ossa faciei) Facial skeleton, left side Lacrimal, L Nasal, L Maxilla, L Maxilla, hard palate, L Infraorbital canal and foramen, L Maxillary sinus, L Maxilla, L Zygomatic, L Zygomatic, L Zygomatic, zygomaticofacial foramen, L Zygomatic, zygomatic orbital foramen, L Zygomatic, zygomaticotemporal foramen, L Nasal concha (turbinate), inferior (lower), L Facial skeleton, right side Nasal, R Lacrimal, R Maxilla, R Maxillary sinus, R Maxilla, R Infraorbital canal and foramen, R Maxilla, hard palate, R Zygomatic, R Zygomatic, R Zygomatic, zygomaticofacial foramen, R Zygomatic, zygomatic orbital foramen, R Zygomatic, zygomaticotemporal foramen, R Nasal concha (turbinate), inferior (lower), R Mandible Mandible, mandibular foramen, L Mandible, mental foramen, L Mandible, mental foramen, R Mandible, mandibular foramen, R Mandible Palatine, L Palatine, R Vomer Cranium (neurocranium, braincase) Calvaria (calva, skullcap) Parietal, R Parietal, L Occipital Occipital Foramen lacerum, occipital surface, L Foramen lacerum, occipital surface, R Jugular foramen, occipital surface, R Jugular foramen, occipital surface, L Foramen magnum Hypoglossal canal, R Condyloid foramen, R Hypoglossal canal, L Condyloid foramen, L Frontal Frontal sinus, L Frontal Frontal sinus, R Temporal Temporal, L Temporal, L Internal auditory (acoustic) meatus, L External auditory (acoustic) meatus, L Foramen lacerum, temporal surface, L Carotid canal, L Stylomastoid foramen, L Jugular foramen, temporal surface, L Mastoid foramen, L Temporal, R Stylomastoid foramen, R Foramen lacerum, temporal surface, R Carotid canal, R Jugular foramen, temporal surface, R Mastoid foramen, R External auditory (acoustic) meatus, R Internal auditory (acoustic) meatus, R Temporal, R Ethmoid Ethmoid Ethmoid, crista galli Ethmoid, perpendicular plate Ethmoid sinuses, L Ethmoid sinuses, R Ethmoid, cribriform plate, L Ethmoid, cribriform plate, R Sphenoid Foramina (sphenoid), L Foramen ovale, L Optic foramen, L Foramen rotundum, L Pterygoid canal, L Foramen lacerum, sphenoidal surface, L Foramen spinosum, L Superior orbital fissure, L Foramina (sphenoid), R Optic foramen, R Superior orbital fissure, R Foramen rotundum, R Pterygoid canal, R Foramen lacerum, sphenoidal surface, R Foramen ovale, R Foramen spinosum, R Sphenoid Hyoid (os hyoideum, lingual bone) Ligaments of the skull Ligaments of the skull, R Lateral ligament (mandible), R Joint capsule (mandible), R Stylomandibular ligament, R Sphenomandibular ligament, R Ligaments of the skull, L Stylomandibular ligament, L Sphenomandibular ligament, L Joint capsule (mandible), L Lateral ligament (mandible), L Thoracic cage Sternum Xiphoid process Manubrium Body of sternum Thoracic cage, R False ribs (08-12), R Vertebral (floating) ribs (11-12), R Eleventh rib (11), R Twelfth rib (12), R Vertebrochondral ribs (08-10), R Eighth rib (08), R Ninth rib (09), R Tenth rib (10), R Vertebrosternal (true) ribs (01-07), R First rib (01), R Second rib (02), R Third rib (03), R Fourth rib (04), R Fifth rib (05), R Sixth rib (06), R Seventh rib (07), R Thoracic cage, L False ribs (08-12), L Vertebral (floating) ribs (11-12), L Eleventh rib (11), L Twelfth rib (12), L Vertebrochondral ribs (08-10), L Eighth rib (08), L Ninth rib (09), L Tenth rib (10), L Vertebrosternal (true) ribs (01-07), L First rib (01), L Second rib (02), L Third rib (03), L Fourth rib (04), L Fifth rib (05), L Sixth rib (06), L Seventh rib (07), L Laryngeal skeleton Cricoid cartilage Epiglottis Thyroid cartilage Vocal cartilages, R Corniculate cartilage, R Arytenoid cartilage, R Vocal cartilages, L Corniculate cartilage, L Arytenoid cartilage, L Cricothyroid membrane and ligament Thyrohyoid membrane Vocal ligament, L Vocal ligament, R Hyoepiglottic ligament Cricotracheal ligament Vertebral column Lumbar spine L01-L02 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage) L02-L03 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage) L03-L04 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage) L04-L05 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage) L05 Vertebra L04 Vertebra L03 Vertebra L02 Vertebra L01 Vertebra Cervical spine C02-C03 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage) C03-C04 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage) C04-C05 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage) C05-C06 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage) C06-C07 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage) C07-T01 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage) C07 Vertebra C06 Vertebra C05 Vertebra C04 Vertebra C03 Vertebra C02 Axis C01 Atlas Sacral spine L05-S01 Sacral intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage) Coccyx S01-05 Sacrum Thoracic spine T01-T02 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage) T02-T03 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage) T03-T04 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage) T04-T05 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage) T05-T06 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage) T06-T07 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage) T07-T08 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage) T08-T09 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage) T09-T10 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage) T11-T12 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage) T12-L01 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage) T12 Vertebra T10 Vertebra T09 Vertebra T08 Vertebra T07 Vertebra T06 Vertebra T05 Vertebra T04 Vertebra T03 Vertebra T02 Vertebra T01 Vertebra T10-T11 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage) T11 Vertebra Ligaments of the spine Intertransverse (lumbar) ligaments, R Intertransverse (thoracic) ligaments, L Intertransverse (thoracic) ligaments, R Intertransverse (lumbar) ligaments, L Posterior longitudinal ligament Supraspinous ligament Intertransverse (cervical) ligaments, R Intertransverse (cervical) ligaments, L Nuchal ligament Anterior longitudinal ligament Ligamenta flava, lumbar region Ligamenta flava, thoracic region Ligamenta flava, cervical region Atlanto-axial ligaments Tectorial membrane of atlanto-axial joint Tectorial membrane, R Tectorial membrane, L Longitudinal fascicles (part of the cruciform ligament of the atlas) Posterior atlantoaxial ligament Transverse ligament (part of the cruciform ligament of the atlas) Atlanto-occipital ligaments Atlanto-occipital capsule, R Atlanto-occipital capsule, L Posterior atlanto-occipital membrane Occipitoaxial ligaments Alar ligament, L Alar ligament, R Apical ligament of the dens Linea alba Nervous System Peripheral Eyes Eye, R Eye, L Cranial nerves Cranial nerves, R CN 01 (I) Olfactory, R CN 01 (I) Olfactory, R CN 02 (II) Optic, R CN 02 (II) Optic, R CN 03 (III) Oculomotor, R CN 03 (III) Oculomotor, R CN 04 (IV) Trochlear, R CN 04 (IV) Trochlear, R CN 05 (V) Trigeminal, R CN 05 (V) Mental, R CN 05 (V) Inferior alveolar, R CN 05 (V) Mandibular, R CN 05 (V) Origin of pterygopalatine, R CN 05 (V) Infraorbital, R CN 05 (V) Maxillary, R CN 05 (V) Lingual, R CN 05 (V) Ophthalmic, frontal branch, R CN 05 (V) Trigeminal (semilunar) ganglion, R CN 05 (V) Trigeminal, R CN 05 (V) Ophthalmic branch, R CN 05 (V) Ophthalmic, ciliary branch, R CN 06 (VI) Abducens, R CN 06 (VI) Abducens (abducent), R CN 07 (VII) Facial, R CN 07 (VII) Mandibular, R CN 07 (VII) Buccal, R CN 07 (VII) Cervical, R CN 07 (VII) Temporal, R CN 07 (VII) Posterior auricular, R CN 07 (VII) Zygomatic, R CN 07 (VII) Facial, R CN 08 (VIII) Vestibulocochlear (statoacoustic), R CN 08 (VIII) Vestibulocochlear (statoacoustic), R CN 09 (IX) Glossopharyngeal, R CN 09 (IX) Glossopharyngeal: Pharyngeal, tonsillar, and lingual branches, R CN 09 (IX) Carotid branch, R CN 09 (IX) Glossopharyngeal, R CN 10 (X) Vagus, R CN 10 (X) Vagus: Ganglion, R CN 10 (X) Vagus: Recurrent laryngeal, R CN 10 (X) Vagus: Cardiac, pulmonary, and esophageal branches, R CN 10 (X) Vagus, R CN 11 (XI) Accessory (spinal accessory), R CN 11 (XI) Internal branch, R CN 11 (XI) Spinal portion, R CN 11 (XI) Accessory, R CN 12 (XII) Hypoglossal, R Branches to the intrinsic muscles of the tongue, R Branches to the extrinsic muscles of the tongue, R CN 12 (XII) Hypoglossal, R Cranial nerves, L CN 01 (I) Olfactory, L CN 01 (I) Olfactory, L CN 02 (II) Optic, L CN 02 (II) Optic, L CN 03 (III) Oculomotor, L CN 03 (III) Oculomotor, L CN 04 (IV) Trochlear, L CN 04 (IV) Trochlear, L CN 05 (V) Trigeminal, L CN 05 (V) Ophthalmic branch, L CN 05 (V) Trigeminal, L CN 05 (V) Trigeminal (semilunar) ganglion, L CN 05 (V) Ophthalmic, frontal branch, L CN 05 (V) Lingual, L CN 05 (V) Inferior alveolar, L CN 05 (V) Mental, L CN 05 (V) Maxillary, L CN 05 (V) Infraorbital, L CN 05 (V) Origin of pterygopalatine, L CN 05 (V) Ophthalmic, ciliary branch, L CN 05 (V) Mandibular, L CN 06 (VI) Abducens, L CN 06 (VI) Abducens (abducent), L CN 07 (VII) Facial, L CN 07 (VII) Zygomatic, L CN 07 (VII) Mandibular, L CN 07 (VII) Facial, L CN 07 (VII) Buccal, L CN 07 (VII) Posterior auricular, L CN 07 (VII) Temporal, L CN 07 (VII) Cervical, L CN 08 (VIII) Vestibulocochlear (statoacoustic), L CN 08 (VIII) Vestibulocochlear (statoacoustic), L CN 09 (IX) Glossopharyngeal, L CN 09 (IX) Glossopharyngeal: Pharyngeal, tonsillar, and lingual branches, L CN 09 (IX) Carotid branch, L CN 09 (IX) Glossopharyngeal, L CN 10 (X) Vagus, L CN 10 (X) Vagus: Ganglion, L CN 10 (X) Vagus: Recurrent laryngeal, L CN 10 (X) Vagus, L CN 10 (X) Vagus: Cardiac, pulmonary, and esophageal branches, L CN 11 (XI) Accessory (spinal accessory), L CN 11 (XI) Internal branch, L CN 11 (XI) Spinal portion, L CN 11 (XI) Accessory, L CN 12 (XII) Hypoglossal, L CN 12 (XII) Hypoglossal, L Branches to the extrinsic muscles of the tongue, L Branches to the intrinsic muscles of the tongue, L Cervical plexus Cervical plexus, L Transverse cervical, L Lesser occipital, L Great auricular, L Greater occipital, L Suboccipital, L C02 Spinal nerve (ventral ramus), L C03 Spinal nerve (ventral ramus), L Supraclavicular, L Phrenic nerve (C03-C05), L C03 Dorsal root, L C03 Ventral root, L C01 Spinal nerve (ventral ramus), L C01 Dorsal root, L C02 Dorsal root, L C01 Ventral root, L C02 Ventral root, L C02 Dorsal root ganglion, L C01 Dorsal root ganglion, L C03 Dorsal root ganglion, L Communicating branches, L C04 Dorsal root ganglion, L C04 Ventral root, L C04 Dorsal root, L C04 Spinal nerve (ventral ramus), L Cervical plexus, R Transverse cervical, R Supraclavicular, R Phrenic nerve (C03-C05), R Communicating branches, R C03 Dorsal root, R C03 Ventral root, R C01 Spinal nerve (ventral ramus), R C01 Dorsal root, R C02 Dorsal root, R C01 Ventral root, R C02 Ventral root, R C02 Dorsal root ganglion, R C01 Dorsal root ganglion, R C03 Dorsal root ganglion, R C04 Spinal nerve (ventral ramus), R C03 Spinal nerve (ventral ramus), R C02 Spinal nerve (ventral ramus), R Great auricular, R Lesser occipital, R Greater occipital, R Suboccipital, R C04 Dorsal root ganglion, R C04 Ventral root, R C04 Dorsal root, R Lumbosacral plexus and lower limb Lumbosacral plexus and lower limb, L Proper plantar digital, L Common plantar digital, L Deep fibular (peroneal), lateral branch, L Deep fibular (peroneal), medial branch, L Lateral plantar, L Medial plantar, L Deep fibular (peroneal), L Saphenous, L Tibial, L Lateral sural cutaneous, L Medial sural cutaneous, L Common fibular (peroneal), L Obturator, L Sciatic, L Posterior femoral cutaneous, L Femoral, L Inferior clunial (cluneal), L Pudendal, L Lateral femoral cutaneous, L Superior gluteal, L Ilioinguinal, L Genitofemoral, genital branch, L Nerve to levator ani, L S04 Spinal nerve, L Dorsal penile nerve (branch of pudendal), L Anterior scrotal (branch of ilioinguinal), L Genitofemoral, femoral branch, L Pudendal, L Ilioinguinal, L S05 Spinal nerve, contribution to coccygeal plexus, L Superior clunial (cluneal), L S04 Dorsal root ganglion, L S04 Ventral root, L L03 Spinal nerve, L L05 Spinal nerve, L S01 Spinal nerve, L S03 Spinal nerve, L S03 Ventral root, L S03 Dorsal root ganglion, L S03 Dorsal root, L S02 Dorsal root ganglion, L S01 Dorsal root ganglion, L L05 Dorsal root ganglion, L L03 Dorsal root ganglion, L S01 Ventral root, L L05 Ventral root, L L03 Ventral root, L S02 Dorsal root, L S01 Dorsal root, L L05 Dorsal root, L L03 Dorsal root, L S02 Spinal nerve, L Lumbosacral trunk, L Genitofemoral, L L02 Spinal nerve, L Iliohypogastric, L S05 Ventral root, L L02 Dorsal root ganglion, L L01 Spinal nerve, L L01 Dorsal root ganglion, L L04 Dorsal root, L L02 Dorsal root, L L01 Dorsal root, L L02 Ventral root, L L01 Ventral root, L L04 Dorsal root ganglion, L L04 Ventral root, L L04 Spinal nerve, L Medial clunial (cluneal), L Inferior gluteal, L Superficial fibular (peroneal), intermediate dorsal cutaneous branch, L Dorsal metatarsal and digital branches, L Sural, L Superficial fibular (peroneal), L Superficial fibular (peroneal), medial dorsal cutaneous branch, L Genitofemoral, genital branch, L S04 Dorsal root, L S02 Ventral root, L Lumbosacral plexus and lower limb, R Ilioinguinal, R Dorsal penile nerve (branch of pudendal), R Anterior scrotal (branch of ilioinguinal), R Genitofemoral, femoral branch, R Genitofemoral, genital branch, R Pudendal, R Pudendal, R Lateral femoral cutaneous, R Iliohypogastric, R Femoral, R Obturator, R Saphenous, R Lumbosacral trunk, R Sciatic, R Common fibular (peroneal), R Deep fibular (peroneal), R Deep fibular (peroneal), lateral branch, R Deep fibular (peroneal), medial branch, R Lateral plantar, R Common plantar digital, R Proper plantar digital, R Medial plantar, R Tibial, R Medial sural cutaneous, R Lateral sural cutaneous, R Superior gluteal, R Inferior gluteal, R Inferior clunial (cluneal), R Posterior femoral cutaneous, R Superior clunial (cluneal), R Genitofemoral, R Nerve to levator ani, R S04 Spinal nerve, R Medial clunial (cluneal), R S05 Spinal nerve, contribution to coccygeal plexus, R S04 Dorsal root ganglion, R S04 Ventral root, R L01 Spinal nerve, R L02 Spinal nerve, R L03 Spinal nerve, R L05 Spinal nerve, R S01 Spinal nerve, R S02 Spinal nerve, R S03 Spinal nerve, R S03 Ventral root, R S03 Dorsal root ganglion, R S03 Dorsal root, R S05 Ventral root, R S02 Ventral root, R S02 Dorsal root ganglion, R S01 Dorsal root ganglion, R L05 Dorsal root ganglion, R L03 Dorsal root ganglion, R L02 Dorsal root ganglion, R L01 Dorsal root ganglion, R S01 Ventral root, R L05 Ventral root, R L03 Ventral root, R Ilioinguinal, R L03 Dorsal root, R S02 Dorsal root, R S01 Dorsal root, R L05 Dorsal root, R Genitofemoral, genital branch, R L04 Dorsal root ganglion, R L04 Ventral root, R L04 Spinal nerve, R L01 Ventral root, R L01 Dorsal root, R L02 Dorsal root, R L02 Ventral root, R L04 Dorsal root, R Sural, R Superficial fibular (peroneal), medial dorsal cutaneous branch, R Dorsal metatarsal and digital branches, R Superficial fibular (peroneal), R Superficial fibular (peroneal), intermediate dorsal cutaneous branch, R S04 Dorsal root, R Thorax Intercostals, L T12 (subcostal), L T12 (subcostal) Cutaneous branches, anterior, L T12 (subcostal) Cutaneous branches, lateral, L T12 (subcostal) Dorsal root, L T12 (subcostal) Dorsal root ganglion, L T12 (subcostal) Spinal nerve (ventral ramus), L T12 (subcostal) Ventral root, L T11, L T11 Cutaneous branches, anterior, L T11 Cutaneous branches, lateral, L T11 Dorsal root ganglion, L T11 Dorsal root, L T11 Ventral root, L T11 Spinal nerve (ventral ramus), L T10, L T10 Cutaneous branches, anterior, L T10 Cutaneous branches, lateral, L T10 Spinal nerve (ventral ramus), L T10 Ventral root, L T10 Dorsal root, L T10 Dorsal root ganglion, L T09, L T09 Cutaneous branches, anterior, L T09 Cutaneous branches, lateral, L T09 Dorsal root ganglion, L T09 Dorsal root, L T09 Ventral root, L T09 Spinal nerve (ventral ramus), L T08, L T08 Cutaneous branches, anterior, L T08 Cutaneous branches, lateral, L T08 Ventral root, L T08 Spinal nerve (ventral ramus), L T08 Dorsal root ganglion, L T08 Dorsal root, L T07, L T07 Cutaneous branches, anterior, L T07 Cutaneous branches, lateral, L T07 Ventral root, L T07 Dorsal root, L T07 Dorsal root ganglion, L T07 Spinal nerve (ventral ramus), L T06, L T06 Cutaneous branches, anterior, L T06 Cutaneous branches, lateral, L T06 Dorsal root ganglion, L T06 Dorsal root, L T06 Spinal nerve (ventral ramus), L T06 Ventral root, L T05, L T05 Cutaneous branches, anterior, L T05 Cutaneous branches, lateral, L T05 Dorsal root ganglion, L T05 Dorsal root, L T05 Spinal nerve (ventral ramus), L T05 Ventral root, L T04, L T04 Cutaneous branches, anterior, L T04 Cutaneous branches, lateral, L T04 Dorsal root ganglion, L T04 Dorsal root, L T04 Spinal nerve (ventral ramus), L T04 Ventral root, L T03, L T03 Cutaneous branches, anterior, L T03 Cutaneous branches, lateral, L T03 Ventral root, L T03 Dorsal root, L T03 Dorsal root ganglion, L T03 Spinal nerve (ventral ramus), L T02, L T02 Cutaneous branches, lateral, L T02 Cutaneous branches, anterior, L T02 Dorsal root ganglion, L T02 Ventral root, L T02 Dorsal root, L T02 Spinal nerve (ventral ramus), L T01, L T01 Dorsal root ganglion, L T01 Cutaneous branches, lateral, L T01 Cutaneous branches, anterior, L T01 Spinal nerve (ventral ramus), L T01 Ventral root, L T01 Dorsal root, L Intercostals, R T12 (subcostal), R T12 (subcostal) Cutaneous branches, anterior, R T12 (subcostal) Cutaneous branches, lateral, R T12 (subcostal) Dorsal root, R T12 (subcostal) Dorsal root ganglion, R T12 (subcostal) Spinal nerve (ventral ramus), R T12 (subcostal) Ventral root, R T11, R T11 Cutaneous branches, lateral, R T11 Cutaneous branches, anterior, R T11 Dorsal root ganglion, R T11 Dorsal root, R T11 Ventral root, R T11 Spinal nerve (ventral ramus), R T10, R T10 Cutaneous branches, anterior, R T10 Cutaneous branches, lateral, R T10 Spinal nerve (ventral ramus), R T10 Ventral root, R T10 Dorsal root, R T10 Dorsal root ganglion, R T09, R T09 Cutaneous branches, lateral, R T09 Cutaneous branches, anterior, R T09 Dorsal root ganglion, R T09 Dorsal root, R T09 Ventral root, R T09 Spinal nerve (ventral ramus), R T08, R T08 Cutaneous branches, lateral, R T08 Cutaneous branches, anterior, R T08 Ventral root, R T08 Spinal nerve (ventral ramus), R T08 Dorsal root ganglion, R T08 Dorsal root, R T07, R T07 Cutaneous branches, lateral, R T07 Cutaneous branches, anterior, R T07 Ventral root, R T07 Dorsal root, R T07 Dorsal root ganglion, R T07 Spinal nerve (ventral ramus), R T06, R T06 Cutaneous branches, lateral, R T06 Cutaneous branches, anterior, R T06 Ventral root, R T06 Dorsal root, R T06 Dorsal root ganglion, R T06 Spinal nerve (ventral ramus), R T05, R T05 Dorsal root, R T05 Ventral root, R T05 Dorsal root ganglion, R T05 Cutaneous branches, lateral, R T05 Cutaneous branches, anterior, R T05 Spinal nerve (ventral ramus), R T04, R T04 Dorsal root ganglion, R T04 Ventral root, R T04 Dorsal root, R T04 Cutaneous branches, lateral, R T04 Cutaneous branches, anterior, R T04 Spinal nerve (ventral ramus), R T03, R T03 Cutaneous branches, anterior, R T03 Cutaneous branches, lateral, R T03 Spinal nerve (ventral ramus), R T03 Ventral root, R T03 Dorsal root, R T03 Dorsal root ganglion, R T02, R T02 Cutaneous branches, anterior, R T02 Cutaneous branches, lateral, R T02 Dorsal root ganglion, R T02 Ventral root, R T02 Spinal nerve (ventral ramus), R T02 Dorsal root, R T01, R T01 Cutaneous branches, anterior, R T01 Cutaneous branches, lateral, R T01 Dorsal root ganglion, R T01 Spinal nerve (ventral ramus), R T01 Ventral root, R T01 Dorsal root, R Brachial plexus and upper limb Brachial plexus and upper limb, L Divisions, L Anterior divisions, L Posterior division, L Nerves of the hand, L Ulnar, dorsal branch, L Ulnar, superficial branch, L Ulnar, communicating branch, L Dorsal digital, L Palmar digital, L Deep branch of ulnar, L Common palmar digital, L Cords, L Posterior cord (C05-T01), L Lateral cord (C05-C07), L Medial cord (C08, T01), L Roots, L C05 Spinal nerve (ventral ramus), L C08 Dorsal root ganglion, L C07 Dorsal root ganglion, L C06 Dorsal root ganglion, L C07 Spinal nerve (ventral ramus), L C05 Dorsal root ganglion, L C06 Spinal nerve (ventral ramus), L C05 Ventral roots, L C05 Dorsal roots, L C08 Spinal nerve (ventral ramus), L C08 Ventral roots, L C07 Ventral roots, L C07 Dorsal roots, L C06 Ventral roots, L C06 Dorsal roots, L C08 Dorsal roots, L T01 Contribution, L Trunks, L Lower trunk (C08, T01), L Middle trunk (C07), L Upper trunk (C05, C06), L Branches of cords, L Supraclavicular branches of cords, L Branches from upper trunk, L Suprascapular (C04-C06), L Nerve to the subclavius (C05, C06), L Branches from roots, L Long thoracic (C05-C07), L Dorsal scapular (C03-C05), L Infraclavicular branches of cords, L Branches of posterior cord, L Side branches of posterior cord, L Thoracodorsal (middle subscapular, long subscapular)(C06-C08), L Upper subscapular (C05-C06), L Lower subscapular (C05-C06), L Terminal branches of posterior cord, L Axillary (C05, C06), L Radial, L Radial (C05-T01), L Deep branch of radial, L Radial, superficial branch, L Branches of lateral cord, L Side branches of lateral cord, L Lateral pectoral (C05-C07), L Terminal branches of lateral cord, L Musculocutaneous (C05-C07), L Median, lateral root, L Median (C06-T01), L Branches of medial cord, L Terminal branches of medial cord, L Ulnar (C08, T01), L Median, medial root, L Side branches of medial cord, L Medial pectoral (C08, T01), L Medial antebrachial cutaneous (C08, T01), L Medial brachial cutaneous (T01), L Brachial plexus and upper limb, R Cords, R Lateral cord (C05-C07), R Posterior cord (C05-T01), R Medial cord (C08, T01), R Trunks, R Lower trunk (C08, T01), R Middle trunk (C07), R Upper trunk (C05, C06), R Divisions, R Posterior division, R Anterior divisions, R Nerves of the hand, R Ulnar, dorsal branch, R Ulnar, superficial branch, R Ulnar, communicating branch, R Dorsal digital, R Palmar digital, R Deep branch of ulnar, R Common palmar digital, R Roots, R C07 Spinal nerve (ventral ramus), R C06 Spinal nerve (ventral ramus), R C08 Spinal nerve (ventral ramus), R T01 Contribution, R C08 Dorsal roots, R C06 Dorsal roots, R C06 Ventral roots, R C07 Dorsal roots, R C07 Ventral roots, R C08 Ventral roots, R C05 Dorsal roots, R C05 Ventral roots, R C05 Dorsal root ganglion, R C06 Dorsal root ganglion, R C07 Dorsal root ganglion, R C08 Dorsal root ganglion, R C05 Spinal nerve (ventral ramus), R Branches of cords, R Infraclavicular branches of cords, R Branches of posterior cord, R Terminal branches of posterior cord, R Radial, R Radial (C05-T01), R Radial, superficial branch, R Deep branch of radial, R Axillary (C05, C06), R Side branches of posterior cord, R Upper subscapular (C05-C06), R Thoracodorsal (middle subscapular, long subscapular)(C06-C08), R Lower subscapular (C05-C06), R Branches of lateral cord, R Terminal branches of lateral cord, R Musculocutaneous (C05-C07), R Median, lateral root, R Median (C06-T01), R Side branches of lateral cord, R Lateral pectoral (C05-C07), R Branches of medial cord, R Terminal branches of medial cord, R Ulnar (C08, T01), R Median, medial root, R Side branches of medial cord, R Medial pectoral (C08, T01), R Medial brachial cutaneous (T01), R Medial antebrachial cutaneous (C08, T01), R Supraclavicular branches of cords, R Branches from upper trunk, R Suprascapular (C04-C06), R Nerve to the subclavius (C05, C06), R Branches from roots, R Long thoracic (C05-C07), R Dorsal scapular (C03-C05), R Central Brain Forebrain (prosencephalon) Diencephalon Diencephalon, left side Thalamus, L Pituitary gland (hypophysis), (also an endocrine gland), left side Neurohypophysis (posterior pituitary), L Infundibulum, L Optic chiasm, left side Interthalamic adhesion, left side Hypothalamus, L Pineal gland (pineal body, epiphysis cerebri, epiphysis), L Adenohypophysis, left side Pars distalis, L Pars tuberalis, L Pars intermedialis, L Diencephalon, right side Pituitary gland (hypophysis), (also an endocrine gland), right side Adenohypophysis, right side Pars distalis, R Pars tuberalis, R Pars intermedialis, R Neurohypophysis (posterior pituitary), R Infundibulum, R Pineal gland (pineal body, epiphysis cerebri, epiphysis), R Optic chiasm, right side Interthalamic adhesion, right side Hypothalamus, R Thalamus, R Hindbrain (rhombencephalon) Myelencephalon Myelencephalon (medulla oblongata), R Medulla oblongata, right side Myelencephalon (medulla oblongata), L Medulla oblongata, left side Metencephalon Metencephalon, R Pons, right side Metencephalon, L Pons, left side Midbrain (mesencephalon) Mesencephalon, left side Midbrain, L Tectum, L Corpora quadrigemina, L Superior colliculus, L Inferior colliculus, L Mesencephalon, right side Midbrain, R Tectum, R Corpora quadrigemina, R Inferior colliculus, R Superior colliculus, R Spinal cord Meninges Dura mater, spinal cord Dura mater

This document explains content and functionality in the first release of Muscle Premium for Android.

 
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