Forums/Anatomy & Function: A Visual Reference for PC or Mac (Download)/Product Overview

1.2.07 Release Notes (June 2014)

Steve Graham
posted this on Jun 20 02:25 PM

Anatomy & Function by Visible Body for PC/Mac

Version Number: 1.2.07

Release Date:  2014

 

This document explains content and functionality in the PC/Mac app released June 2014.

Anatomy & Function provides stunning animations, illustrations, and 3D models of the human body. The app is a quick and easy visual reference for understanding anatomy and physiological processes. Content is organized by common functions and by body systems. It also contains a robust search function.

This app includes:

  • Over 500 preset 3D views into the human body. These can be rotated, zoomed into, and dissected.
  • 72 50-second animations and 77 illustrations that introduce common functions
  • Audio pronunciations and definitions for thousands of anatomical structures.
  • Multiple search functions (browse by system, function, related views or search) and the option to create a library of favorite views.
  • The ability to annotate and save images.

 

Content in the app when users browse by common topics

 

NUTRITION AND ELIMINATION

Chewing and Swallowing

Function of the Epiglottis

Alimentary Canal Function

Peristalsis of the Alimentary Canal

Nutrient Absorption

Urinary Functions

Filtration Process

Filtration and Elimination

Filtering Blood

Urine Creation

Endocrine System Hormones

Hormone Circulation

Hormones in the Body

 

CIRCULATION AND RESPIRATION

Heart Function

Location of the Heart

Heart Tissue

Heart Chambers

Heart Chamber Functions

Heart Valves

Heart Valve Functions

Heart Conduction

Arteries and Veins

Blood Pressure

Measuring Blood Pressure

Cardiac Output

Upper Respiratory Structures

Lower Respiratory Structures

Breathing

Gas Exchange in the Lungs

Alveoli Function

Alveoli Structure

Nasal Cavity Mucosa

Respiratory Structures

Breathing Rate

Sneezing

 

COORDINATION AND COMMUNICATION

Brain and Nervous System

Nervous System Functions

Central Nervous System

Brain Regions

Peripheral Nervous System

Somatic and Autonomic Functions

Somatic and Autonomic Nervous Functions

Skeletal Muscle Function

Skeletal Muscle Innervation

Smooth Muscle Function

Smooth Muscle of the Body

Sense of Smell

Processing Smell

Sense of Taste

Taste Buds

Vision

Processing Vision

Hearing

Processing Sound

Producing Sound

Vocal Folds

 

REPRODUCTION

Male and Female Fertility

Male Reproductive Organs

Male Sex Cell Production

Female Reproductive Organs

Female Sex Cell Production

Female Reproductive Cycle

Ovulation

Fetal Development

Development of Reproductive Organs

Stages of Birth I

Stages of Birth II

Lactation

 

BODY DEFENSES AND REPAIR

Innate Immunity

Innate Immune Response

Adaptive Immunity

Adaptive Immune Response

Fighting Infection

Tissue Repair

Tissue Repair and Scarring

Bone Repair

 

BONES AND SKELETAL MUSCLES

Muscle Interactions

Skeletal Muscle Attachments

Joints

Joint: Ball and socket

Joint: Condyloid

Joint: Gliding

Joint: Hinge

Joint: Pivot

Joint: Saddle

Joint: Sutures

Involuntary Reflexes

Flat Bone Formation

Long Bone Formation

 

CELLS AND BLOOD

Types of Cells

Red Blood Cells

Red Blood Cell Production

Platelets

Neurons

Mitosis

Cell Transport

Function of Plasma

 

Content in the app when users browse by all topics

 

CELLS AND TISSUE

Cell functions

Cells and tissue overview

Cell types

Skin cells

Neuron structure

CNS neuroglia

Function of white blood cells

Bone cells

Gametes to zygote

Parts of a cell

Nucleus

Protein synthesis

Proteins

Transcription and translation

Plasma membrane

Passive and active transport

Structure of the plasma membrane

Organelles

Transport vesicles

Cytoskeleton and centrosome

Ribosomes

Endoplasmic reticulum

Golgi Complex

Lysosomes and peroxisomes

Mitochondria

Cell cycle

Replication

Mitosis

Mitotic spindle

Meiosis

Tissue types in the body

Epithelial tissue

Skin layers

Connective tissue

Skeletal connective tissue

Bone tissue

Osteon

Types of muscle tissue

Muscular system overview

Skeletal muscle

Smooth muscle

Cardiac muscle

Types of neurons

Function and components of blood

Bone repair

Tissue repair

 

 

CIRCULATORY

Circulatory system overview          

Circulatory anatomy

Arteries and veins    

Oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange      

Function and components of blood           

Blood plasma

Plasma protein production 

Production of Red Blood Cells        

Erythropoietin and RBC production          

Function of Red Blood Cells

Red Blood Cells and oxygen transport      

Function of White Blood Cells         

Platelets        

Locations of Platelet production     

Types of blood vessels         

Blood vessel walls    

Artery structure       

Vein structure          

Capillaries     

Blood pressure         

Systolic and diastolic pressure       

Systolic and diastolic pressure       

Systemic circulation 

Great vessels and branches

Superficial arteries of the head and neck 

Deep arteries of the head and neck          

Circle of Willis I        

Circle of Willis II       

Circle of Willis III      

Arteries of the brain

Arteries of the Upper Limb I          

Arteries of the Upper Limb II         

Arteries of the Forearm and hand 

Arteries of the Thorax I       

Arteries of the Thorax II     

Branches of the Abdominal aorta I

Branches of the Abdominal aorta II           

Arteries of the abdomen I   

Arteries of the abdomen II 

Arteries of the Intestines I  

Arteries of the Intestines II 

Arteries of the Pelvis I         

Arteries of the Pelvis II        

Arteries of the upper leg     

Arteries of the lower leg      

Dorsal arteries of the foot   

Plantar arteries of the foot 

Superficial veins of the head and neck     

Deep veins of the head and neck   

Venous sinuses I      

Venous sinuses II     

Veins of the upper limb I    

Veins of the upper limb II   

Veins of the hand     

Veins of the thorax I

Veins of the thorax II           

Azygos system          

Veins of the abdomen         

Hepatic portal system          

Veins of the intestines I       

Veins of the intestines II     

Veins of the pelvis I 

Veins of the pelvis II

Veins of the upper leg         

Veins of the lower leg          

Dorsal veins of the foot       

Plantar veins of the foot

 

CIRCULATORY: HEART

Heart overview         

Location of heart in thoracic cavity

Location of heart in the thoracic cage        

Inferior view of thoracic cavity, transverse section          

Heart wall     

Myocardium 

Heart chamber anatomy     

Heart chambers       

Heart chamber functions    

Heart valve anatomy           

Heart valves  

Heart valve function

Heart internal anatomy       

Blood flow through the heart         

Blood flow out of the heart 

Blood flow into heart           

Coronary circulation

Coronary veins         

Left coronary arteries          

Right coronary arteries       

Conduction system  

Heart conduction     

Path of nerve impulse in conduction system        

Electrocardiogram   

Cardiac cycle 

Systole and diastole 

Cardiac output         

Autonomic regulation of heart       

Circulatory routes    

Pulmonary circulation         

Pulmonary circulation and bronchi           

Pulmonary arteries and veins        

Pulmonary arteries  

Pulmonary veins

 

DIGESTION

Digestive overview   

Digestive anatomy   

Digestive process     

Alimentary canal      

Digestive juices         

Production of digestive juices         

Structures of the oral cavity           

Oral cavity     

Chewing and swallowing    

Function of oral cavity structures  

Teeth 

Upper arch   

Lower arch    

Tooth cross-section  

Tongue          

Tongue          

Salivary glands         

Mastication muscles 

Epiglottis, Larynx     

Peristalsis      

Peristalsis of alimentary canal        

Esophagus    

Stomach regions       

Stomach wall

Stomach sphincters 

Stomach vasculature           

Accessory organs      

Liver lobes    

Liver ligaments         

Hepatic portal system          

Pancreas, liver, gallbladder 

Bile ducts      

Pancreatic ducts       

Blood supply to accessory organs  

Absorption    

Absorption structures         

Intestinal vasculature          

Small intestine          

Large intestine         

Colon regions

Taenia Coli    

Large intestine         

Defecation reflex

 

ENDOCRINE

Endocrine system overview

Primary Endocrine organs  

Secondary endocrine organs          

Primary and secondary endocrine organs

Hormone action

Hormone circulation

Hypothalamus and pituitary          

Hypothalamus and pituitary hormones    

Hypothalamus hormones    

Hypophyseal portal system

Anterior pituitary hormones          

Posterior pituitary hormones         

Target organs of pituitary hormones        

Human growth hormone (hGH)     

Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)         

Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH)           

Luteinizing hormone (LH)  

Prolactin (PRL)         

Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)      

Melanocyte-stimulating       

Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)          

Oxytocin (OXT)        

Pineal gland and hormones

Thyroid gland           

Thyroid hormone     

Parathyroid glands  

Parathyroid hormones        

Adrenal glands         

Adrenal cortex hormones   

Medulla hormones   

Pancreas       

Pancreatic islets       

Blood glucose level   

Ovaries          

Testes

Kidneys         

Heart 

Thymus         

Stress response

 

 

INTEGUMENTARY

Integumentary system overview   

Integumentary structures  

Skin layers    

Epidermis layers      

Skin cells       

Epidermal cells         

Dermis layers           

Sebeaceous glands   

Sudoriferous glands

Integumentary functions    

Dermal circulation   

Vitamin D Synthesis 

Integumentary innervation

Dermatomes 

Tissue repair

Tissue repair and scarring  

Hair    

Hair structure           

Hair functions           

Nails   

Mammary glands

 

LYMPHATIC

Lymphatic system overview           

Lymphatic system structures         

Lymphatic vessels and veins          

Thoracic duct

Thoracic duct

Right lymphatic duct           

Lymph trunks           

Right lymphatic duct           

Lymph trunks           

Thymus         

Spleen           

Lymph node distribution    

Lymph node structure        

Lymphatic functions

Lymph circulation    

Lymphocyte production      

Physical defenses     

Innate immunity      

Innate immune response    

Phagocytosis 

Types of white blood cells   

Adaptive immunity  

Adaptive immune response

B Cells

T Cells

 

MUSCLES: MUSCULAR SYSTEM

Muscular system overview 

Muscle types 

Types of muscle tissue        

Skeletal muscle         

Smooth muscle         

Cardiac muscle         

Muscular anatomy   

Nerve and blood supply to skeletal muscle          

Skeletal muscle function     

Skeletal muscle innervation

Skeletal muscle structure    

Smooth muscle of the body

Smooth muscle function      

Alimentary canal      

Stomach wall

Trachea and bronchi           

Blood vessel walls    

Urinary/reproductive systems (female)   

Urinary/reproductive systems (male)      

Cardiac muscle         

Heart wall     

Myocardium

 

MUSCLES: MUSCLES IN THE BODY

Muscle interactions  

Skeletal muscle attachments          

Chin raise: Muscles as first class levers     

Calf raise: Muscles as second-class levers 

Elbow flexion: Muscles as third class levers         

Facial expression: Scalp and eyebrow       

Facial expression: Upper mouth    

Facial expression: Lower mouth     

Extrinsic eye muscles          

Mastication   

Tongue          

Neck: Suprahyoid     

Neck: Infrahyoid      

Neck: Head movements       

Vertebral column: Splenius

Vertebral column: Erector spinae  

Erector spinae: Spinalis       

Erector spinae: Longissimus           

Erector spinae: Iliocostalis  

Vertebral column: Transversospinalis       

Transversospinales: Semispinalis  

Transversospinalis: Rotatores        

Vertebral column: Segmental         

Vertebral column: Scalenes

Vertebral column: Spinal flexors    

Abdomen      

Thorax: Breathing    

Thorax: Shoulder girdle movements, anterior     

Thorax: S houlder girdle movements, posterior   

Arm: Prime movers  

Arm synergists/fixators      

Arm: Rotator cuff     

Forearm: Elbow flexors       

Forearm: Elbow extensors  

Forearm: Pronation/supination     

Hand: Superficial flexors     

Hand: Deep flexors  

Hand: Superficial flexors     

Hand: Deep extensors         

Fingers: Thenar        

Fingers: Hypothenar

Fingers: Midpalmer 

Pelvis: Pelvic diaphragm     

Pelvis: Superficial perineal 

Pelvis: Deep perineal           

Thigh: Iliopsoas        

Thigh: Gluteal           

Thigh: Lateral rotators        

Thigh: Anterior compartment        

Anterior compartment: Quadriceps           

Thigh: Medial compartment           

Medial compartmental adductors  

Thigh: Posterior compartment (hamstrings)       

Lower leg: Anterior compartment  

Lower leg: Lateral compartment    

Lower leg: posterior compartment (superficial)  

Lower leg: Posterior compartment (deep)           

Foot: Dorsum

Foot: Plantar layer 1

Foot: Plantar layer 2

Foot: Plantar layer 3

Foot: Plantar layer 4

 

NERVOUS SYSTEM

Nervous system overview   

Nervous system anatomy    

Central nervous system      

Peripheral nervous system 

Nervous system functions   

Nervous tissue in the body 

Neuron structure     

Types of neurons     

CNS neuroglia           

PNS neuroglia           

Neuron function       

Resting and action potentials         

Neurotransmitters   

Acetylcholine (Ach)  

Norepinephrine (NE) and Epinephrine (E)         

Dopamine     

Spinal cord    

Spine cross section   

Spinal nerve roots    

Gray and white matter        

Sensory signals         

Motor commands     

Spinal nerves

Spinal nerve regions

Dermatomes 

Cervical plexus         

Cervical innervation

Brachial plexus         

Brachial innervation I          

Brachial innervation II        

Brachial innervation III       

Lumbosacral Plexus I          

Lumbosacral Plexus II         

Lumbosacral innervation    

Somatic reflex arc    

Path of Reflex Arc    

Somatic and Autonomic functions  

Somatic and Autonomic Nervous Functions          

Somatic Sensory Signals      

Skin Sensory Receptors       

Somatic Motor Signals         

Skeletal Muscle Contraction

Somatic Sensory and Motor Pathways      

Basal Ganglia and Cerebellum        

Autonomic Nervous Functions        

Sympathetic Nervous System         

Sympathetic Nervous Functions     

Parasympathetic Nervous System 

Parasympathetic Nervous Functions

 

NERVOUS SYSTEM: BRAIN AND CRANIAL NERVES

The Brain      

Brain regions

Brain cross sections 

Ventricles of the brain         

Cerebrospinal fluid  

Blood supply to the brain   

Brain stem    

Medulla and pons    

Midbrain       

Cerebellum anatomy           

Cerebellum function

Diencephalon           

Thalamus      

Hypothalamus          

Pituitary gland         

Limbic system           

Cerebrum     

Cerebral hemispheres         

Lobes of the cerebral cortex           

Features of the cerebral cortex      

Basal ganglia 

Functional regions of the cerebral cortex 

Functional regions and cortex anatomy    

Hemispheric lateralization  

Cranial nerves          

Special sensory cranial nerves       

Motor cranial nerves           

Mixed cranial nerves           

Olfactory nerves (I) 

Olfaction        

Optic Nerves (II)      

Vision 

Oculomotor Nerves (III)      

Trochlear nerves (IV)          

Trigeminal nerves (V)         

Opthalmic branch of trigeminal nerve      

Maxillary branch of trigeminal nerve        

Mandibular branch of trigeminal nerve   

Abducens Nerves (VI)         

Facial nerves (VII)   

Vestibulocochlear nerves (VIII)     

Glossopharyngeal nerves (IX)        

Vagus nerves (X)     

Accessory nerves (XI)          

Hypoglossal nerves (XII)

 

NERVOUS SYSTEM: SPECIAL SENSES

Special sensory organs        

Special sensory organs        

Olfaction        

Olfactory pathway   

Tongue          

Taste buds    

Papillae         

Taste pathway          

Eyes in context         

Eye     

Eye layers     

Lacrimal apparatus  

Eye interior   

Retina

Rods and cones        

Vision 

Types of vision         

Vision pathway         

Optic chiasm 

Ear     

Outer ear      

Middle ear    

Inner ear       

Cochlea cross section           

Organ of Corti           

Hearing         

Auditory pathway    

Equilibrium  

Equilibrium pathway

 

SKELETON: BONE TISSUE AND JOINTS

Skeletal system overview

Axial and appendicular skeleton

Bone cells

Bone types

Flat bones

Long bones

Short bones

Irregular bones

Sesamoid bones

Interior of a long bone

Parts of a long bone

Compact and spongy bone tissue

Osteon

Flat bone formation

Flat bones in the skull

Fontanelles

Long bone formation and growth

Long bones in the limbs

Joints

Joints in the skull

Synarthroses (no movement): Skull sutures

Synarthroses (no movement): Gomphoses

Synarthroses (no movement): Synchrondoses

Syndesmoses (slight movement)

Symphyses (slight movement)

Synovial joints (full movement)

Structure of synovial joints

Gliding  (plane) joints movement

Gliding joints in the skeleton

Hinge joints movement

Hinge joints in the skeleton

Pivot joints movement

Pivot joints in the skeleton

Condyloid joints movement

Condyloid joints in the skeleton

Saddle joints movement

Saddle joints in the skeleton

Ball-and-socket joints movement

Ball-and-socket joints in the skeleton

Ligaments and synovial joints

Healthy and osteoporotic bone

Osteoporosis

Types of fractures

Bone repair

Joints and aging

 

SKELETON: HUMAN SKELETON

Appendicular skeleton

Pectoral (shoulder) girdle

Muscular stabilization

Upper limb

Arm and forearm

Carpus (wrist) I

Carpus (wrist) II

Carpal tunnel

Hand

Pelvic (hip) girdle

Male and female pelvis

Lower limb

Thigh and leg

Tarsus

Foot arches

Foot

Axial skeleton

Skull

Cranial bones

Skull sutures

Fontanelles

Facial skeleton I

Facial skeleton II

Auditory ossicles

Foramina of skull

Bones of the orbit

Nasal septum

Hyoid

Vertebral column

Vertebra

Ligaments of the spine

Intervertebral joints

Cervical spine

Thoracic spine

Lumbar spine

Sacral spine

Thoracic cage

Sternum

Ribs

 

REPRODUCTION

Reproductive system overview      

Gametes to zygote    

Sexual reproduction

Path of zygote           

Hormones and fetal development 

Fetal reproductive development    

Fetal development   

Birth  

Stages of birth          

Reproductive lifespan         

Male reproductive anatomy           

Male reproductive organs in context         

Testes and spermatic cords

Seminiferous tubules          

Spermatogenesis      

Epididymis    

Vas deferens 

Urethra         

Accessory glands      

Semen production   

Penis internal anatomy       

Blood supply to male genetalia      

Male sexual response          

Male sex hormones  

Female reproductive anatomy       

Female reproductive organs in context     

Pelvic ligaments       

Ovaries          

Ovary internal anatomy      

Oogenesis      

Relationship of ovaries to uterus   

Blood supply to uterus and ovaries           

Vagina           

External genetalia    

Female reproductive cycle  

Ovulation      

Female sex hormones          

Mammary glands     

Lactation       

Lactation hormones

 

RESPIRATORY

Respiratory system overview         

Functions of respiratory structures           

Pulmonary ventilation         

External respiration

Internal respiration 

Pulmonary ventilation and Boyle's Law    

Pulmonary ventilation structures  

External respiration

External respiration structures      

Internal respiration 

Internal respiration structures      

Breathing rate and regulation        

Respiratory regulation        

Upper respiratory structures         

Nasal cavity   

Nasal septum

Bones of the nasal cavity     

Nasal cartilages        

Upper respiratory tract       

Nasal mucosa

Pharynx        

Larynx, posterior      

Larynx, anterior       

Vocal folds and musculature          

Lower respiratory structures         

Location of the trachea        

Cartilaginous rings   

The trachea and bronchi    

Lungs in anatomical context           

The trachea and bronchi    

Lungs in anatomical context           

Right lung, gross anatomy   

Left lung, gross anatomy     

Lung hilium  

Bronchial tree           

Alveoli

Respiratory membrane       

Muscles of inhalation           

Muscles of exhalation          

Filtration of air         

Respiratory defenses           

Sneezing        

Olfaction        

Olfaction structures 

Function of the epiglottis    

Phonation     

Blood supply to the lungs   

Pulmonary circulation         

Dalton's law

 

URINARY SYSTEM

Urinary system overview    

Male urinary anatomy         

Female urinary anatomy     

Urinary functions     

Position of the kidneys        

Kidney anatomy       

Blood supply to the kidneys           

Blood flow through the nephron   

Nephron structure   

Filtration process     

Filtration       

Filtration membrane           

Reabsorption and secretion

Reabsorption and secretion process          

Urine composition    

Function of ADH       

Pathway of urine     

Ureters          

Bladder in female    

Bladder in male        

Bladder anatomy     

Micturition reflex     

Nervous control of micturition       

Urethral sphincters 

Female urethra        

Male urethra

 
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