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6.0.03 Release Notes (October 27, 2014)

Human Anatomy Atlas for PC or Mac

Version Number: 6.0.03

Release Date: October 27, 2014

 

Changes in current release:

  • Hundreds of new 3D structures: New autonomic nervous system anatomy; more pelvic region anatomy for both the male and female model; additional details added to uterus, and male and female bladders; new pharyngeal constrictors and more muscles in the tongue region; enhanced liver with surgical sections; additional nerves and vasculature in back, head, and neck.
  • Top diseases added for each body system. Now you can tap on a heart valve, for example, and get a pronunciation, definition, and a description of common diseases and conditions associated with heart valves.

 

Changes in previous release (5.0.17, released September 25, 2013):

  • Performance and UI enhancements
  • Minor bug fixes
  • Updated nervous system definitions

 

=======================================================
Quizzes* of Each Body System Included in this Release
=======================================================
Skeletal
1.  Skull
2.  Teeth
3.  Laryngeal
4.  Thoracic Cage
5.  Sternum
6.  Vertebral Column
7.  Girdles
8.  Upper Limb
9.  Hand
10. Lower Limb
11. Foot

Digestive
1.  Overview
2.  Mouth, Upper Tract
3.  Mouth
4.  Salivary Glands
5.  Teeth
6.  Upper Tract
7.  Stomach
8.  Liver
9.  Pancreas
10. Gall Bladder
11. Cavity, Peritoneal
12. Intestinal Tract
13. Small Intestine
14. Large Intestine

Circulatory
1.  Head and Neck
2.  Circle of Willis
3.  Upper Limb
4.  Thorax
5.  Abdomen I
6.  Abdomen II
7.  Intestines
8.  Pelvis
9.  Leg
10. Foot
11. Head and Neck
12. Venous Sinuses
13. Upper Limb
14. Thorax
15. Abdomen
16. Intestines
17. Pelvis
18. Leg
19. Foot
20. Pulmonary Circulation
21. Coronary Circulation
22. Heart Chambers
23. Heart Valves
24. Heart Conduction

Nervous
1.  Overview
2.  Cranial Nerves
3.  Cervical Plexus
4.  Brachial Plexus
5.  Lumbar Plexus
6.  Sacral Plexus
7.  Lower Leg
8.  Central Nervous
9.  Cerebellum
10. Diencephalon
11. Cerebrum
12. Limbic System
13. Pituitary Gland
14. Thoracic Nerves

Muscular
1.  Eye Expression
2.  Mouth Expression
3.  Nose Expression
4.  Scalp Expression
5.  Extraocular
6.  Tongue
7.  Mastication
8.  Neck I
9.  Laryngeal
10. Shoulder Joint
11. Arm
12. Anterior Forearm
13. Posterior Forearm
14. Hand, Superficial
15. Hand, Deep
16. Erector Spine
17. Neck II
18. Transversopinalis
19. Anterior Thorax
20. Intercostals
21. Posterior Thorax
22. Abdomen
23. Hip
24. Inner Hip

Urinary/Reproductive
1.  Overview, Urinary (m)
2.  Overview, Urinary (f)
3.  Kidneys
4.  Overview, Reproductive (m)
5.  External Genitalia (m)
6.  Internal Genitalia (m)
7.  Reproductive Ducts (m)
8.  Overview, Reproductive (f)
9.  External Genitalia (f)
10. Internal Genitalia (f)
11. Urinary & Reproductive (m)
12. Urinary & Reproductive (f)

Respiratory
1.  Overview
2.  Upper Respiratory
3.  Lower Respiratory
4.  Digestive, Respiratory
5.  Nasal Cavity
6.  Trachea & Bronchi
7.  Larynx
8.  Lungs, Exterior
9.  Pulmonary Circuit
10. Full Respiratory

*Quizzes currently not available for French version

 

STRUCTURES IN EACH BODY SYSTEM IN THIS RELEASE

========================================

Skeletal System

========================================

Skeletal System

   Appendicular

      Upper limb

         Upper limb, L

            Hand, L

               Phalanges (hand), L

                  1st Digit (pollex), phalanges (hand), L

                     1st Proximal phalanx (pollex), L

                     1st Distal phalanx (pollex), L

                  2nd Digit, phalanges (hand), L

                     2nd Proximal phalanx (hand), L

                     2nd Middle phalanx (hand), L

                     2nd Distal phalanx (hand), L

                  3rd Digit, phalanges (hand), L

                     3rd Middle phalanx (hand), L

                     3rd Proximal phalanx (hand), L

                     3rd Distal phalanx (hand), L

                  5th Digit, phalanges (hand), L

                     5th Distal phalanx (hand), L

                     5th Proximal phalanx (hand), L

                     5th Middle phalanx (hand), L

                  4th Digit, phalanges (hand), L

                     4th Distal phalanx (hand), L

                     4th Middle phalanx (hand), L

                     4th Proximal phalanx (hand), L

               Metacarpus (metacarpals), L

                  1st Metacarpal (pollex), L

                  2nd Metacarpal, L

                  3rd Metacarpal, L

                  4th Metacarpal, L

                  5th Metacarpal, L

               Carpus (carpals), L

                  Trapezoid, L

                  Lunate, L

                  Pisiform, L

                  Capitate, L

                  Triquetral (triangular), L

                  Hamate, L

                  Scaphoid, L

                  Trapezium, L

               Ligaments of the wrist and hand, L

                  Ulnocarpal joint (articular disc), L

                  Extensor retinaculum, L

                  Dorsal radioulnar ligament, L

                  Flexor retinaculum (wrist), L

                  Interphalangeal joints (ligaments), L

                     Interphalangeal (proximal) articular capsules of the hand (PIP joints), L

                     Interphalangeal (distal) articular capsules of the hand (DIP joints), L

                     Interphalangeal articular capsule of pollex, L

                  Metacarpal ligaments, L

                     Deep transverse metacarpal ligaments, L

                     Superficial transverse metacarpal ligaments, L

                     Dorsal metacarpal ligaments, L

                     Palmar metacarpal ligaments, L

                  Radiocarpal and ulnocarpal ligaments, L

                     Palmar (volar) radioulnar ligament, L

                     Palmar radiocarpal ligament, radioscapholunate, L

                     Palmar radiocarpal ligament, radiotriquetral, L

                     Palmar radiocarpal ligament, radiocapitate, L

                     Palmar ulnocarpal ligament (ulnolunate and ulnotriquetral), L

                     Ulnar collateral ligament, pisiform portion (internal lateral ligament, ulnar carpal collateral ligament), L

                     Dorsal radiocarpal ligament, L

                     Radial collateral ligament, L

                  Intercarpal ligaments, L

                     Dorsal intercarpal ligaments, L

                     Distal intercarpal ligaments, L

                     Palmar intercarpal ligament (scaphotrapezium), L

                     Scaphocapitate ligament, L

                     Radiate carpal ligament, scaphotrapezial, L

                     Radiate carpal ligament, lunotriquetral, L

                     Radiate carpal ligament, capitotrapezial, L

                     Radiate carpal ligament, capitohamate, L

                     Pisohamate ligament, L

                     Radiate carpal ligament, L

                  Metacarpophalangeal ligaments, L

                     Metacarpophalangeal articular capsule of pollex, L

                     Metacarpophalangeal articular capsules, L

                  Carpometacarpal ligaments, L

                     Palmar (volar) carpometacarpal ligament, L

                     Dorsal carpometacarpal ligaments, L

                     Carpometacarpal articular capsule of pollex, L

            Ulna (forearm, antebrachium), L

            Radius (forearm, antebrachium), L

            Interosseous membrane (antebrachial), L

            Ligaments of the elbow, L

               Annular ligament of radius, L

               Ulnar collateral ligament, transverse, L

               Ulnar collateral ligament, anterior, L

               Articular capsule (elbow), L

               Radial collateral ligament, L

               Ulnar collateral ligament, L

               Oblique cord (elbow), L

            Humerus (arm, brachium), L

         Upper limb, R

            Hand, R

               Phalanges (hand), R

                  1st Digit (pollex), phalanges (hand), R

                     1st Proximal phalanx (pollex), R

                     1st Distal phalanx (pollex), R

                  2nd Digit, phalanges (hand), R

                     2nd Proximal phalanx (hand), R

                     2nd Middle phalanx (hand), R

                     2nd Distal phalanx (hand), R

                  3rd Digit, phalanges (hand), R

                     3rd Middle phalanx (hand), R

                     3rd Proximal phalanx (hand), R

                     3rd Distal phalanx (hand), R

                  5th Digit, phalanges (hand), R

                     5th Distal phalanx (hand), R

                     5th Proximal phalanx (hand), R

                     5th Middle phalanx (hand), R

                  4th Digit, phalanges (hand), R

                     4th Distal phalanx (hand), R

                     4th Middle phalanx (hand), R

                     4th Proximal phalanx (hand), R

               Metacarpus (metacarpals), R

                  1st Metacarpal (pollex), R

                  2nd Metacarpal, R

                  3rd Metacarpal, R

                  4th Metacarpal, R

                  5th Metacarpal, R

               Carpus (carpals), R

                  Trapezoid, R

                  Lunate, R

                  Pisiform, R

                  Capitate, R

                  Triquetral (triangular), R

                  Scaphoid, R

                  Trapezium, R

                  Hamate, R

               Ligaments of the wrist and hand, R

                  Flexor retinaculum (wrist), R

                  Extensor retinaculum, R

                  Carpometacarpal ligaments, R

                     Palmar (volar) carpometacarpal ligament, R

                     Dorsal carpometacarpal ligaments, R

                     Carpometacarpal articular capsule of pollex, R

                  Interphalangeal joints (ligaments), R

                     Interphalangeal (proximal) articular capsules of the hand (PIP joints), R

                     Interphalangeal (distal) articular capsules of the hand (DIP joints), R

                     Interphalangeal articular capsule of pollex, R

                  Metacarpal ligaments, R

                     Palmar metacarpal ligaments, R

                     Dorsal metacarpal ligaments, R

                     Superficial transverse metacarpal ligaments, R

                     Deep transverse metacarpal ligaments, R

                  Radiocarpal and ulnocarpal ligaments, R

                     Palmar ulnocarpal ligament (ulnolunate and ulnotriquetral), R

                     Palmar radiocarpal ligament, radiocapitate part, R

                     Palmar radiocarpal ligament, radiotriquetral part, R

                     Dorsal radiocarpal ligament, R

                     Palmar (volar) radioulnar ligament, R

                     Palmar radiocarpal ligament, radioscapholunate part, R

                     Radial collateral ligament, R

                     Ulnar collateral ligament, pisiform portion (internal lateral ligament, ulnar carpal collateral ligament), R

                  Intercarpal ligaments, R

                     Distal intercarpal ligaments, R

                     Dorsal intercarpal ligaments, R

                     Palmar intercarpal ligament (scaphotrapezium), R

                     Pisohamate ligament, R

                     Radiate carpal ligament, capitohamate, R

                     Radiate carpal ligament, capitotrapezial, R

                     Radiate carpal ligament, lunotriquetral, R

                     Radiate carpal ligament, R

                     Radiate carpal ligament, scaphotrapezial, R

                     Scaphocapitate ligament, R

                  Metacarpophalangeal ligaments, R

                     Metacarpophalangeal articular capsules, R

                     Metacarpophalangeal articular capsule of pollex, R

                  Dorsal radioulnar ligament, R

                  Ulnocarpal joint (articular disc), R

            Ulna (forearm, antebrachium), R

            Radius (forearm, antebrachium), R

            Interosseous membrane (antebrachial), R

            Ligaments of the elbow, R

               Ulnar collateral ligament, R

               Ulnar collateral ligament, transverse, R

               Radial collateral ligament, R

               Annular ligament of radius, R

               Ulnar collateral ligament, anterior, R

               Articular capsule (elbow), R

               Oblique cord (elbow), R

            Humerus (arm, brachium), R

      Lower limb

         Lower limb, L

            Foot, L

               Metatarsus (metatarsals), L

                  3rd Metatarsal, L

                  4th Metatarsal, L

                  1st Metatarsal (hallux), L

                  2nd Metatarsal, L

                  5th Metatarsal, L

                  Sesamoid, lateral, L

                  Sesamoid, medial, L

               Tarsus (tarsals), L

                  Cuboid, L

                  Medial cuneiform, L

                  Intermediate cuneiform, L

                  Lateral cuneiform, L

                  Navicular, L

                  Talus, L

                  Calcaneus, L

               Phalanges (foot), L

                  4th Digit, phalanges (foot), L

                     4th Proximal phalanx (foot), L

                     4th Middle phalanx (foot), L

                     4th Distal phalanx (foot), L

                  2nd Digit, phalanges (foot), L

                     2nd Proximal phalanx (foot), L

                     2nd Middle phalanx (foot), L

                     2nd Distal phalanx (foot), L

                  5th Digit, phalanges (foot), L

                     5th Proximal phalanx (foot), L

                     5th Middle phalanx (foot), L

                     5th Distal phalanx (foot), L

                  1st Digit (hallux), phalanges (foot), L

                     1st Distal phalanx (hallux), L

                     1st Proximal phalanx (hallux), L

                  3rd Digit, phalanges (foot), L

                     3rd Proximal phalanx (foot), L

                     3rd Middle phalanx (foot), L

                     3rd Distal phalanx (foot), L

               Ligaments of the ankle and foot, L

                  Dorsal tarsometatarsal ligaments, L

                  Talocrural ligaments (ankle joint), medial, L

                     Medial (deltoid) ligament (anterior tibiotalar part), L

                     Medial (deltoid) ligament (posterior tibiotalar part), L

                     Medial (deltoid) ligament (tibiocalcaneal part), L

                     Medial (deltoid) ligament (tibionavicular part), L

                  Talocrural ligaments (ankle joint), lateral, L

                     Lateral (collateral) ligament (anterior talofibular part), L

                     Lateral (collateral) ligament (calcaneofibular part), L

                     Lateral (collateral) ligament (posterior talofibular part), L

                  Subtalar/talocalcaneal ligaments (joint), L

                     Lateral talocalcaneal ligament, L

                     Medial talocalcaneal ligament, L

                     Posterior talocalcaneal ligament, L

                     Interosseous (anterior) talocalcaneal ligament, L

                  Transverse tarsal ligaments (joint), L

                     Plantar calcaneonavicular (spring) ligament, L

                     Dorsal calcaneocuboid ligaments, L

                     Bifurcate (calcaneocuboid and calcaneonavicular) ligament, L

                     Talonavicular ligament, L

                     Plantar calcaneocuboid (short plantar) ligament, L

                     Long plantar ligament, L

                  Distal intertarsal ligaments, L

                     Dorsal cuboideonavicular ligament, L

                     Dorsal cuneonavicular ligament, L

                     Plantar cuboideonavicular ligament, L

                     Dorsal cuneocuboid ligament, L

                     Dorsal intercuneiform ligaments, L

                  Retinacula of the foot, L

                     Superior extensor retinaculum, L

                     Superior peroneal retinaculum, L

                     Inferior extensor retinaculum, L

                     Inferior peroneal retinaculum, L

                     Flexor retinaculum, L

                  Metatarsophalangeal ligaments, L

                     Metatarsophalangeal articular capsules, L

                     Metatarsophalangeal articular capsule of hallux, L

                  Interphalangeal ligaments, L

                     Interphalangeal ligament of hallux, L

                     Interphalangeal (proximal) ligaments of the foot (PIP joints), L

                     Interphalangeal (distal) ligaments of the foot (DIP joints), L

                  Metatarsal ligaments, L

                     Deep transverse metatarsal ligament, L

                     Dorsal metatarsal ligaments, L

                     Plantar metatarsal ligaments, L

                  Plantar aponeurosis, L

            Tibia (leg), L

            Fibula (leg), L

            Ligaments of the hip, L

               Ischiofemoral ligament, L

               Iliofemoral ligament, L

               Pubofemoral ligament, L

            Ligaments of the knee, L

               Lateral meniscus, L

               Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), L

               Patellar ligament, L

               Lateral collateral (fibular collateral) ligament (LCL), L

               Medial meniscus, L

               Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), L

               Medial collateral (tibial collateral) ligament (MCL), L

               Anterolateral ligament (ALL), L

            Patella (knee cap), L

            Tibiofibular ligaments, L

               Tibiofibular ligament, anterior, L

               Interosseous membrane of the leg (middle tibiofibular ligament), L

               Posterior tibiofibular ligament, L

            Femur (thigh), L

         Lower limb, R

            Foot, R

               Metatarsus (metatarsals), R

                  3rd Metatarsal, R

                  4th Metatarsal, R

                  1st Metatarsal (hallux), R

                  2nd Metatarsal, R

                  5th Metatarsal, R

                  Sesamoid, lateral, R

                  Sesamoid, medial, R

               Tarsus (tarsals), R

                  Cuboid, R

                  Medial cuneiform, R

                  Intermediate cuneiform, R

                  Lateral cuneiform, R

                  Navicular, R

                  Talus, R

                  Calcaneus, R

               Phalanges (foot), R

                  4th Digit, phalanges (foot), R

                     4th Proximal phalanx (foot), R

                     4th Middle phalanx (foot), R

                     4th Distal phalanx (foot), R

                  2nd Digit, phalanges (foot), R

                     2nd Proximal phalanx (foot), R

                     2nd Middle phalanx (foot), R

                     2nd Distal phalanx (foot), R

                  5th Digit, phalanges (foot), R

                     5th Proximal phalanx (foot), R

                     5th Middle phalanx (foot), R

                     5th Distal phalanx (foot), R

                  1st Digit (hallux), phalanges (foot), R

                     1st Distal phalanx (hallux), R

                     1st Proximal phalanx (hallux), R

                  3rd Digit, phalanges (foot), R

                     3rd Proximal phalanx (foot), R

                     3rd Middle phalanx (foot), R

                     3rd Distal phalanx (foot), R

               Ligaments of the ankle and foot, R

                  Dorsal tarsometatarsal ligaments, R

                  Talocrural ligaments (ankle joint), medial, R

                     Medial (deltoid) ligament (anterior tibiotalar part), R

                     Medial (deltoid) ligament (posterior tibiotalar part), R

                     Medial (deltoid) ligament (tibiocalcaneal part), R

                     Medial (deltoid) ligament (tibionavicular part), R

                  Talocrural ligaments (ankle joint), lateral, R

                     Lateral (collateral) ligament (anterior talofibular part), R

                     Lateral (collateral) ligament (calcaneofibular part), R

                     Lateral (collateral) ligament (posterior talofibular part), R

                  Subtalar/talocalcaneal ligaments (joint), R

                     Lateral talocalcaneal ligament, R

                     Medial talocalcaneal ligament, R

                     Posterior talocalcaneal ligament, R

                     Interosseous (anterior) talocalcaneal ligament, R

                  Transverse tarsal ligaments (joint), R

                     Plantar calcaneonavicular (spring) ligament, R

                     Bifurcate (calcaneocuboid and calcaneonavicular) ligament, R

                     Dorsal calcaneocuboid ligaments, R

                     Talonavicular ligament, R

                     Plantar calcaneocuboid (short plantar) ligament, R

                     Long plantar ligament, R

                  Distal intertarsal ligaments, R

                     Dorsal cuneonavicular ligament, R

                     Dorsal cuboideonavicular ligament, R

                     Plantar cuboideonavicular ligament, R

                     Dorsal intercuneiform ligaments, R

                     Dorsal cuneocuboid ligament, R

                  Retinacula of the foot, R

                     Inferior peroneal retinaculum, R

                     Flexor retinaculum, R

                     Superior extensor retinaculum, R

                     Inferior extensor retinaculum, R

                     Superior peroneal retinaculum, R

                  Metatarsophalangeal ligaments, R

                     Metatarsophalangeal articular capsules, R

                     Metatarsophalangeal articular capsule of hallux, R

                  Metatarsal ligaments, R

                     Dorsal metatarsal ligaments, R

                     Deep transverse metatarsal ligament, R

                     Plantar metatarsal ligaments, R

                  Interphalangeal ligaments, R

                     Interphalangeal ligament of hallux, R

                     Interphalangeal (proximal) ligaments of the foot (PIP joints), R

                     Interphalangeal (distal) ligaments of the foot (DIP joints), R

                  Plantar aponeurosis, R

            Tibia (leg), R

            Fibula (leg), R

            Ligaments of the hip, R

               Iliofemoral ligament, R

               Pubofemoral ligament, R

               Ischiofemoral ligament, R

            Ligaments of the knee, R

               Lateral meniscus, R

               Lateral collateral (fibular collateral) ligament (LCL), R

               Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), R

               Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), R

               Medial meniscus, R

               Medial collateral (tibial collateral) ligament (MCL), R

               Patellar ligament, R

               Anterolateral ligament (ALL), R

            Patella (knee cap), R

            Tibiofibular ligaments, R

               Tibiofibular ligament, anterior, R

               Interosseous membrane of the leg (middle tibiofibular ligament), R

               Posterior tibiofibular ligament, R

            Femur (thigh), R

      Shoulder girdle

         Shoulder girdle, L

            Scapula, L

            Clavicle, L

            Ligaments of the shoulder girdle, L

               Sternoclavicular ligament, L

               Coracoclavicular ligament, trapezoid portion, L

               Coracoclavicular ligament, conoid portion, L

               Acromioclavicular ligament, L

               Superior transverse scapular ligament (forms suprascapular foramen), L

               Capsular ligament, L

               Coracohumeral ligament, L

               Coracoacromial ligament, L

               Middle glenohumeral ligament, L

               Superior glenohumeral ligament, L

               Inferior glenohumeral ligament, L

               Transverse humeral ligament, L

         Shoulder girdle, R

            Scapula, R

            Clavicle, R

            Ligaments of the shoulder girdle, R

               Superior transverse scapular ligament (forms suprascapular foramen), R

               Acromioclavicular ligament, R

               Coracoclavicular ligament, conoid portion, R

               Coracoclavicular ligament, trapezoid portion, R

               Sternoclavicular ligament, R

               Capsular ligament, R

               Coracoacromial ligament, R

               Coracohumeral ligament, R

               Transverse humeral ligament, R

               Superior glenohumeral ligament, R

               Middle glenohumeral ligament, R

               Inferior glenohumeral ligament, R

      Pelvic girdle

         Pubic symphysis

         Hip bones (innominate bones, os coxae), L

            Ischium, L

            Pubis, L

            Ilium, L

         Hip bones (innominate bones, os coxae), R

            Ischium, R

            Pubis, R

            Ilium, R

         Ligaments of the pelvis, L

            Iliolumbar ligament, L

            Anterior sacroiliac ligament, L

            Posterior sacroiliac ligament, upper, L

            Sacrotuberous ligament, L

            Sacrospinous ligament, L

            Obturator membrane, L

            Inguinal ligament, L

            Tendinous arch, L

            Uterosacral ligament, L

            Endopelvic fascia, L

            Pubocervical fascia, L

            Cardinal ligament, L

            Posterior sacroiliac ligament, lower, L

            Round ligament of uterus, L

         Ligaments of the pelvis, R

            Inguinal ligament, R

            Sacrotuberous ligament, R

            Sacrospinous ligament, R

            Obturator membrane, R

            Iliolumbar ligament, R

            Anterior sacroiliac ligament, R

            Posterior sacroiliac ligament, upper, R

            Tendinous arch, R

            Endopelvic fascia, R

            Pubocervical fascia, R

            Uterosacral ligament, R

            Cardinal ligament, R

            Posterior sacroiliac ligament, lower, R

            Round ligament of uterus, R

         Ligaments of the pelvis

            Perineal membrane

            Rectovaginal fascia

            Pubourethral ligament

   Axial

      Skull

         Teeth

            Lower arch

               [26] Incisor, lateral, R

               [28] Premolar (bicuspid), first, R

               [29] Premolar (bicuspid), second, R

               [31] Molar, second, R

               [22] Canine (cuspid), L

               [21] Premolar (bicuspid), first, L

               [20] Premolar (bicuspid), second, L

               [19] Molar, first, L

               [17] Molar, third (wisdom), L

               [25] Incisor, central, R

               [27] Canine (cuspid), R

               [30] Molar, first, R

               [24] Incisor, central, L

               [23] Incisor, lateral, L

               [18] Molar, second, L

               [32] Molar, third (wisdom), R

            Upper arch

               [12] Premolar (bicuspid), first, L

               [13] Premolar (bicuspid), second, L

               [05] Premolar (bicuspid), first, R

               [04] Premolar (bicuspid), second, R

               [01] Molar, third (wisdom), R

               [08] Incisor, central, R

               [09] Incisor, central, L

               [10] Incisor, lateral, L

               [11] Canine (cuspid), L

               [14] Molar, first, L

               [15] Molar, second, L

               [16] Molar, third (wisdom), L

               [07] Incisor, lateral, R

               [06] Canine (cuspid), R

               [03] Molar, first, R

               [02] Molar, second, R

         Nasal cartilages

            Lateral (upper lateral nasal) cartilage, L

            Greater alar (major alar, lower lateral) cartilage, L

            Septal cartilage

            Lateral (upper lateral nasal) cartilage, R

            Greater alar (major alar, lower lateral) cartilage, R

         Facial skeleton (splanchnocranium, viscerocranium, ossa faciei)

            Facial skeleton, left side

               Lacrimal, L

               Nasal, L

               Zygomatic, L

                  Zygomatic, L

                  Zygomatic, zygomaticofacial foramen, L

                  Zygomatic, zygomatic orbital foramen, L

                  Zygomatic, zygomaticotemporal foramen, L

               Nasal concha (turbinate), inferior (lower), L

               Maxilla, L

                  Maxilla, hard palate, L

                  Infraorbital canal and foramen, L

                  Maxillary sinus, L

                  Maxilla, L

            Facial skeleton, right side

               Nasal, R

               Lacrimal, R

               Zygomatic, R

                  Zygomatic, R

                  Zygomatic, zygomaticofacial foramen, R

                  Zygomatic, zygomatic orbital foramen, R

                  Zygomatic, zygomaticotemporal foramen, R

               Nasal concha (turbinate), inferior (lower), R

               Maxilla, R

                  Maxillary sinus, R

                  Maxilla, R

                  Infraorbital canal and foramen, R

                  Maxilla, hard palate, R

            Mandible

               Mandible, mandibular foramen, L

               Mandible, mental foramen, L

               Mandible, mental foramen, R

               Mandible, mandibular foramen, R

               Mandible

            Palatine, L

            Palatine, R

            Vomer

         Cranium (neurocranium, braincase)

            Calvaria (calva, skullcap)

               Parietal, R

               Parietal, L

               Occipital

                  Occipital

                  Foramen lacerum, occipital surface, L

                  Foramen lacerum, occipital surface, R

                  Jugular foramen, occipital surface, R

                  Jugular foramen, occipital surface, L

                  Foramen magnum

                  Hypoglossal canal, R

                  Condyloid foramen, R

                  Hypoglossal canal, L

                  Condyloid foramen, L

               Frontal

                  Frontal

                  Frontal sinuses

               Temporal

                  Temporal, L

                     Temporal, L

                     Internal auditory (acoustic) meatus, L

                     External auditory (acoustic) meatus, L

                     Foramen lacerum, temporal surface, L

                     Carotid canal, L

                     Stylomastoid foramen, L

                     Jugular foramen, temporal surface, L

                     Mastoid foramen, L

                  Temporal, R

                     Stylomastoid foramen, R

                     Foramen lacerum, temporal surface, R

                     Carotid canal, R

                     Jugular foramen, temporal surface, R

                     Mastoid foramen, R

                     External auditory (acoustic) meatus, R

                     Internal auditory (acoustic) meatus, R

                     Temporal, R

            Ethmoid

               Ethmoid

               Ethmoid, crista galli

               Ethmoid, perpendicular plate

               Ethmoid sinuses, L

               Ethmoid sinuses, R

               Ethmoid, cribriform plate, L

               Ethmoid, cribriform plate, R

            Sphenoid

               Foramina (sphenoid), L

                  Foramen ovale, L

                  Optic foramen, L

                  Foramen rotundum, L

                  Pterygoid canal, L

                  Foramen lacerum, sphenoidal surface, L

                  Foramen spinosum, L

                  Superior orbital fissure, L

               Foramina (sphenoid), R

                  Optic foramen, R

                  Superior orbital fissure, R

                  Foramen rotundum, R

                  Pterygoid canal, R

                  Foramen lacerum, sphenoidal surface, R

                  Foramen ovale, R

                  Foramen spinosum, R

               Sphenoid

         Hyoid (os hyoideum, lingual bone)

         Ligaments of the skull

            Ligaments of the skull, R

               Lateral ligament (mandible), R

               Joint capsule (mandible), R

               Stylomandibular ligament, R

               Sphenomandibular ligament, R

               Stylohyoid ligament, R

            Ligaments of the skull, L

               Stylomandibular ligament, L

               Sphenomandibular ligament, L

               Joint capsule (mandible), L

               Lateral ligament (mandible), L

               Stylohyoid ligament, L

         Cartilage of auditory tube, L

         Cartilage of auditory tube, R

      Thoracic cage

         Sternum

            Xiphoid process

            Manubrium

            Body of sternum

         Thoracic cage, R

            False ribs (08-12), R

               Vertebral (floating) ribs (11-12), R

                  Eleventh rib (11), R

                  Twelfth rib (12), R

               Vertebrochondral ribs (08-10), R

                  Eighth rib (08), R

                  Ninth rib (09), R

                  Tenth rib (10), R

            Vertebrosternal (true) ribs (01-07), R

               Second rib (02), R

               Third rib (03), R

               Fourth rib (04), R

               Fifth rib (05), R

               Sixth rib (06), R

               Seventh rib (07), R

               First rib (01), R

         Thoracic cage, L

            False ribs (08-12), L

               Vertebral (floating) ribs (11-12), L

                  Eleventh rib (11), L

                  Twelfth rib (12), L

               Vertebrochondral ribs (08-10), L

                  Eighth rib (08), L

                  Ninth rib (09), L

                  Tenth rib (10), L

            Vertebrosternal (true) ribs (01-07), L

               Second rib (02), L

               Third rib (03), L

               Fourth rib (04), L

               Fifth rib (05), L

               Sixth rib (06), L

               Seventh rib (07), L

               First rib (01), L

      Laryngeal skeleton

         Cricoid cartilage

         Epiglottis

         Thyroid cartilage

         Vocal cartilages, R

            Corniculate cartilage, R

            Arytenoid cartilage, R

         Vocal cartilages, L

            Corniculate cartilage, L

            Arytenoid cartilage, L

         Cricothyroid membrane and ligament

         Thyrohyoid membrane

         Vocal ligament, L

         Vocal ligament, R

         Hyoepiglottic ligament

         Cricotracheal ligament

      Vertebral column

         Lumbar spine

            L01-L02 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage)

            L02-L03 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage)

            L03-L04 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage)

            L04-L05 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage)

            L05 Vertebra

            L04 Vertebra

            L03 Vertebra

            L02 Vertebra

            L01 Vertebra

         Cervical spine

            C02-C03 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage)

            C03-C04 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage)

            C04-C05 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage)

            C05-C06 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage)

            C06-C07 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage)

            C07-T01 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage)

            C07 Vertebra

            C06 Vertebra

            C05 Vertebra

            C04 Vertebra

            C03 Vertebra

            C02 Axis

            C01 Atlas

         Sacral spine

            L05-S01 Sacral intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage)

            Coccyx

            S01-05 Sacrum

         Thoracic spine

            T01-T02 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage)

            T02-T03 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage)

            T03-T04 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage)

            T04-T05 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage)

            T05-T06 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage)

            T06-T07 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage)

            T07-T08 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage)

            T08-T09 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage)

            T09-T10 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage)

            T11-T12 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage)

            T12-L01 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage)

            T12 Vertebra

            T10 Vertebra

            T09 Vertebra

            T08 Vertebra

            T07 Vertebra

            T06 Vertebra

            T05 Vertebra

            T04 Vertebra

            T03 Vertebra

            T02 Vertebra

            T01 Vertebra

            T10-T11 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage)

            T11 Vertebra

         Ligaments of the spine

            Intertransverse (lumbar) ligaments, R

            Intertransverse (thoracic) ligaments, L

            Intertransverse (thoracic) ligaments, R

            Intertransverse (lumbar) ligaments, L

            Posterior longitudinal ligament

            Supraspinous ligament

            Intertransverse (cervical) ligaments, R

            Intertransverse (cervical) ligaments, L

            Nuchal ligament

            Anterior longitudinal ligament

            Ligamenta flava, lumbar region

            Ligamenta flava, thoracic region

            Ligamenta flava, cervical region

            Atlanto-axial ligaments

               Tectorial membrane of atlanto-axial joint

               Tectorial membrane (deep accessory part), R

               Tectorial membrane (deep accessory part), L

               Longitudinal fascicles (part of the cruciform ligament of the atlas)

               Posterior atlantoaxial ligament

               Transverse ligament (part of the cruciform ligament of the atlas)

            Atlanto-occipital ligaments

               Atlanto-occipital capsule, R

               Atlanto-occipital capsule, L

               Posterior atlanto-occipital membrane

            Occipitoaxial ligaments

               Alar ligament, L

               Alar ligament, R

               Apical ligament of the dens

      Linea alba

 

 

 

========================================

Nervous System

========================================

Nervous System

   Peripheral

      Eyes

         Eye, R

         Eye, L

      Cranial nerves

         Cranial nerves, R

            CN 01 (I) Olfactory, R

               CN 01 (I) Olfactory, olfactory tract, R

               CN 01 (I) Olfactory, olfactory bulb, R

               CN 01 (I) Olfactory, lateral stria, R

               CN 01 (I) Olfactory, olfactory fibers, R

               CN 01 (I) Olfactory, medial stria, R

            CN 02 (II) Optic, R

               CN 02 (II) Optic, R

            CN 03 (III) Oculomotor, R

               CN 03 (III) Oculomotor, R

            CN 04 (IV) Trochlear, R

               CN 04 (IV) Trochlear, R

            CN 05 (V) Trigeminal, R

               CN 05 (V) Mental, R

               CN 05 (V) Ophthalmic, ciliary branch, R

               CN 05 (V) Ophthalmic branch, R

               CN 05 (V) Trigeminal, R

               CN 05 (V) Trigeminal (semilunar) ganglion, R

               CN 05 (V) Ophthalmic, frontal branch, R

               CN 05 (V) Lingual, R

               CN 05 (V) Maxillary, R

               CN 05 (V) Infraorbital, R

               CN 05 (V) Mandibular, R

               CN 05 (V) Inferior alveolar, R

               CN 05 (V) Auriculotemporal branch, R

               Pharyngeal, R

               Nerve of pterygoid canal, R

               Greater (superficial) petrosal, R

               Nasopalatine, R

               Anterior superior alveolar, R

               Orbital branches, R

               Posterior superior alveolar, R

               Zygomatic, R

               Zygomaticotemporal, R

               Zygomaticofacial, R

               Pterygopalatine (sphenopalatine) ganglion, R

               Ganglionic branches, R

               Deep petrosal, R

               Internal carotid plexus, R

               Greater palatine, R

               Lesser palatine, R

            CN 06 (VI) Abducens, R

               CN 06 (VI) Abducens (abducent), R

            CN 07 (VII) Facial, R

               CN 07 (VII) Cervical, R

               CN 07 (VII) Buccal, R

               CN 07 (VII) Mandibular, R

               CN 07 (VII) Facial, R

               CN 07 (VII) Zygomatic, R

               CN 07 (VII) Posterior auricular, R

               CN 07 (VII) Temporal, R

               CN 07 (VII) Geniculate ganglion, R

            CN 08 (VIII) Vestibulocochlear (statoacoustic), R

               CN 08 (VIII) Vestibulocochlear (statoacoustic), R

            CN 09 (IX) Glossopharyngeal, R

               CN 09 (IX) Glossopharyngeal, R

               CN 09 (IX) Carotid branch, R

               CN 09 (IX) Glossopharyngeal: Pharyngeal, tonsillar, and lingual branches, R

               CN 09 (IX) Superior ganglion, R

               CN 09 (IX) Inferior ganglion, R

            CN 11 (XI) Accessory (spinal accessory), R

               CN 11 (XI) Accessory, R

               CN 11 (XI) Spinal portion, R

               CN 11 (XI) Internal branch, R

            CN 12 (XII) Hypoglossal, R

               CN 12 (XII) Hypoglossal, R

               Branches to the extrinsic muscles of the tongue, R

               Branches to the intrinsic muscles of the tongue, R

            CN 10 (X) Vagus, R

               CN 10 (X) Vagus, R

               CN 10 (X) Pharyngeal branch, R

               CN 10 (X) Superior laryngeal nerve, R

               CN 10 (X) Superior ganglion, R

               CN 10 (X) Inferior ganglion, R

               CN 10 (X) Inferior cervical (vagal) cardiac branch, R

               CN 10 (X) Vagus: Recurrent laryngeal, R

               CN 10 (X) Superior cervical (vagal) cardiac nerve, R

         Cranial nerves, L

            CN 01 (I) Olfactory, L

               CN 01 (I) Olfactory, olfactory bulb, L

               CN 01 (I) Olfactory, medial stria, L

               CN 01 (I) Olfactory, olfactory tract, L

               CN 01 (I) Olfactory, lateral stria, L

               CN 01 (I) Olfactory, olfactory fibers, L

            CN 02 (II) Optic, L

               CN 02 (II) Optic, L

            CN 03 (III) Oculomotor, L

               CN 03 (III) Oculomotor, L

            CN 04 (IV) Trochlear, L

               CN 04 (IV) Trochlear, L

            CN 05 (V) Trigeminal, L

               CN 05 (V) Mandibular, L

               CN 05 (V) Ophthalmic, ciliary branch, L

               CN 05 (V) Infraorbital, L

               CN 05 (V) Maxillary, L

               CN 05 (V) Mental, L

               CN 05 (V) Inferior alveolar, L

               CN 05 (V) Lingual, L

               CN 05 (V) Ophthalmic, frontal branch, L

               CN 05 (V) Trigeminal (semilunar) ganglion, L

               CN 05 (V) Trigeminal, L

               CN 05 (V) Ophthalmic branch, L

               CN 05 (V) Auriculotemporal branch, L

               Anterior superior alveolar, L

               Orbital branches, L

               Zygomatic, L

               Zygomaticotemporal, L

               Zygomaticofacial, L

               Posterior superior alveolar, L

 

 

========================================

Digestive System

========================================

Digestive System

   Alimentary canal (gastrointestinal tract)

      Lower

         Small intestine

            Duodenum (anterior intestine, proximal intestine)

               Duodenum, sectioned (back)

               Duodenum, sectioned (front)

            Jejunum (middle intestine, mid-gut)

            Ileum (posterior intestine, distal intestine)

         Large intestine

            Colon

               Transverse colon

                  Transverse colon

                  Transverse colon, taenia (tenia) coli

               Ascending colon

                  Ascending colon, taenia (tenia) coli

                  Ascending colon

               Descending colon

                  Descending colon

                  Descending colon, taenia (tenia) coli

               Sigmoid colon

                  Sigmoid colon, taenia (tenia) coli

                  Sigmoid colon

            Appendix (vermiform appendix, cecal appendix, vermix)

            Cecum (intestinum caecum)

               Cecum (caecum)

               Cecum (caecum), taenia (tenia) coli

               Ileocecal valve

            Rectum

            Anal canal

      Upper

         Stomach

            Stomach, front (cut)

               Stomach, cardiac cap

               Cardiac (gastroesophageal, lower esophageal) sphincter, front portion

               Pyloric sphincter (valve), front portion

               Stomach, fundic and pyloric cap-layered

            Stomach, back (cut)

               Stomach, serosa and mucosa

               Mucosa

               Oblique (inner) muscle layer

               Circular (middle) muscle layer

               Longitudinal (outer) muscle layer

         Esophagus (oesophagus)

         Oral cavity

            Uvula

            Soft palate (roof of mouth)

            Hard palate (roof of mouth, bony palate)

            Gingiva

            Oral cavity

         Pharynx* (see also: respiratory system)

            Oropharynx* (see also: respiratory system)

            Laryngopharynx* (see also: respiratory system)

               Piriform sinus (fossa)* (see also: respiratory system)

               Vestibule of larynx* (see also: respiratory system)

               Epiglottic vallecula* (see also: respiratory system)

               Corniculate tubercles* (see also: respiratory system)

               Cuneiform tubercles* (see also: respiratory system)

               Laryngopharynx* (see also: respiratory system)

   Accessory organs

      Gall bladder

         Gall bladder

         Cystic duct

         Common hepatic duct

         Hepatic duct, R

         Hepatic duct, L

         Common bile duct

         Duodenal papilla, main (ampulla of Vater, hepatopancreatic ampulla)

      Pancreas

         Pancreatic duct, accessory (pancreatic duct of Santorini)

         Duodenal papilla, minor

         Pancreatic duct, main (duct of Wirsung)

         Pancreas, body

         Pancreas, tail

         Pancreas, head

      Salivary glands

         Salivary glands, R

            Salivary (parotid) gland, R

            Salivary (submandibular, submaxillary) gland, R

            Salivary (sublingual) gland, R

            Salivary (parotid, Stensen's) duct, R

            Salivary (submandibular, submaxillary) duct, R

         Salivary glands, L

            Salivary (parotid) gland, L

            Salivary (submandibular, submaxillary) gland, L

            Salivary (sublingual) gland, L

            Salivary (parotid, Stensen's) duct, L

            Salivary (submandibular, submaxillary) duct, L

      Liver, functional surgical (Couinaud) segments

         Liver, left part

            Liver, left lateral division

               (II) Liver, left posterolateral segment

               (III) Liver, left anterolateral segment

            Liver, left medial division

               (IV) Liver, medial segment (superior subsegment)

               (IVb) Liver, medial segment (inferior subsegment including quadrate lobe)

         Liver, right part

            Liver, right medial division

               (VIII) Liver, posteromedial segment

               (V) Liver, anteromedial segment

            Liver, right lateral division

               (VII) Liver, right posterolateral segment

               (VI) Liver, right anterolateral segment

         (I) Liver, caudate lobe

         Ligaments of the liver

            Triangular ligament, L

            Falciform ligament

            Ligamentum teres (round ligament of the liver, ligamentum teres hepatis) (with obliterated umbilical vein)

            Triangular ligament, R

            Obliterated umbilical vein (in ligamentum teres)

            Coronary ligament

            Ligamentum venosum (remnant of ductus venosus)

   Ligament of Treitz (suspensory muscle of the duodenum)

   Lesser omentum (small omentum, gastrohepatic omentum)

   Greater omentum (great omentum, omentum majus, gastrocolic omentum)

   Peritoneum

 

 

========================================

Circulatory (Cardiovascular) System

========================================

   Heart

      Conduction system

         Sinoatrial node

         Bundle branch, R

         Posterior internodal bundle

         Purkinje fibers, L

         Bundle branch, L

         Middle internodal bundle

         Interatrial (Bachmann's) bundle

         Atrioventricular node

         Atrioventricular bundle (bundle of His)

         Anterior internodal bundle

         Purkinje fibers, R

         Anterior fascicle

         Posterior fascicle

         Middle fascicle

      Great vessels

         Inferior vena cava (base of)

         Superior vena cava (base of)

         Pulmonary trunk (base of)

         Aortic arch

         Aorta (base of)

      Heart valves

         Aortic valve

            Aortic valve, posterior semilunar cusp

            Aortic valve, right semilunar cusp

            Aortic valve, left semilunar cusp

            Aortic valve annulus

         Atrioventricular valves

            Mitral (bicuspid) valve

               Mitral (bicuspid) valve, anterior commissure

               Mitral (bicuspid) valve, posterior commissure

               Mitral (bicuspid) valve, antermedial (septal) leaflet

               Mitral (bicuspid) valve, chordae tendineae

               Mitral (bicuspid) valve, annulus

               Mitral (bicuspid) valve, posterolateral (mural) leaflet

            Tricuspid valve

               Tricuspid valve, posterior leaflet

               Tricuspid valve, annulus

               Tricuspid valve, septal leaflet

               Tricuspid valve, anterior leaflet

               Tricuspid valve, chordae tendineae

               Tricuspid valve, commissure

               Tricuspid valve, commissure

               Tricuspid valve, commissure

         Pulmonary valve

            Pulmonary valve, annulus

            Pulmonary valve, right cusp

            Pulmonary valve, anterior cusp

            Pulmonary valve, left cusp

      Heart, back (diaphragmatic surface)

         Left ventricle, diaphragmatic surface

            Papillary muscle, anterior, L

            Papillary muscle, posterior, L

            Left ventricle

         Right ventricle, diaphragmatic surface

            Papillary muscle, anterior, R

            Papillary muscle, posterior, R

            Papillary muscle, medial

            Right ventricle

            Moderator band (septomarginal trabecula)

         Myocardium

         Conus arteriosus

         Interventricular septum

         Heart, diaphragmatic surface

      Heart, front (sternocostal surface)

         Right ventricle, sternocostal surface

            Right ventricle

         Left ventricle, sternocostal surface

            Left ventricle

         Myocardium

         Interventricular septum

         Heart, sternocostal surface

      Coronary vessels

         Arteries

            Anterior interventricular branch (left anterior descending) of left coronary artery

            Circumflex branch of left coronary artery

            Right marginal artery

            Conus branch

            Atrial branch

            Anterior artery of right ventricle

            Posterior interventricular branch (posterior descending) of right coronary artery

            Branch to sinoatrial node

            Left coronary artery

            Right coronary artery

         Veins

            Great cardiac (anterior interventricular) vein

            Anterior cardiac veins of right ventricle

            Coronary sinus

            Posterior vein of left ventricle

            Small cardiac vein

            Middle cardiac (posterior interventricular) vein

      Right atrium

      Left atrium

      Pericardium

   Systemic circulation

      Arteries

         Abdomen

            Abdomen, L

               Inferior phrenic, L

               Lumbar, L

               Inferior epigastric, L

               Inferior adrenal, L

               Renal, L

               Gonadal (ovarian), L

               Superior phrenic, L

               Superficial epigastric, L

               Superficial circumflex iliac, L

               Gonadal (testicular, internal spermatic), L

            Abdomen, R

               Inferior phrenic, R

               Lumbar, R

               Inferior epigastric, R

               Inferior adrenal, R

               Renal, R

               Gonadal (ovarian), R

               Superior phrenic, R

               Superficial epigastric, R

               Superficial circumflex iliac, R

               Gonadal (testicular, internal spermatic), R

            Celiac trunk

               Splenic (lienal)

               Dorsal pancreatic

               Prepancreatic

               Anastomosis (superior mesenteric and inferior pancreatic)

               Gastroepiploic (gastro-omental), L

               Artery to tail of pancreas

               Inferior pancreatic

               Pancreatic branches, superior

               Great pancreatic (pancreatica magna)

               Pancreatic branches, caudal

               Short gastric

               Pancreatic branches to head (caput)

               Pancreaticoduodenal, posterior superior

               Pancreaticoduodenal, anterior superior

               Proper hepatic, left branch

               Proper hepatic, right branch

               Gastroduodenal

               Common hepatic

               Celiac trunk

               Left gastric

               Right gastric

               Cystic

               Gastroepiploic (gastro-omental), R

               Proper hepatic

               Pancreaticoduodenal, common inferior

               Pancreaticoduodenal, posterior inferior

               Pancreaticoduodenal, anterior inferior

            Aorta, descending (abdominal)

         Upper limb

            Arm, R

               Dorsal digital, R

               Axillary, R

               Radial, R

               Ulnar, R

               Anterior interosseous, R

               Superficial palmar arch, R

               Ulnar, superficial branch, R

               Ulnar, dorsal carpal branch, R

               Radial, dorsal carpal branch, R

               Proper palmar digital, R

               Dorsal metacarpal, R

               Deep palmar arch, R

               Princeps pollicis, R

               Brachial, R

               Profunda brachii, R

               Ulnar collateral, R

               Radial recurrent, R

               Middle collateral, R

               Interosseous recurrent, R

               Ulnar recurrent, anterior, R

               Ulnar recurrent, posterior, R

               Ulnar recurrent, R

               Common interosseous, R

               Radial collateral, R

               Thoracodorsal, R

               Dorsal scapular (transverse scapular, deep branch), R

               Thoracoacromial, pectoral branch, R

               Suprascapular, R

               Subscapular, R

               Circumflex scapular, R

               Circumflex humeral, anterior, R

               Circumflex humeral, posterior, R

               Thoracoacromial, deltoid branch, R

               Thoracoacromial, acromial branch, R

               Inferior thyroid

               Transverse cervical, R

               Thyrocervical trunk, R

               Costocervical trunk, R

               Thoracoacromial trunk, R

               Subclavian, R

               Palmar metacarpal, R

               Common palmar digital, R

               Superior thoracic, R

               Superficial cervical (transverse cervical, superficial branch), R

               Deep cervical, R

            Arm, L

               Anterior interosseous, L

               Axillary, L

               Brachial, L

               Circumflex humeral, anterior, L

               Circumflex humeral, posterior, L

               Circumflex scapular, L

               Common interosseous, L

               Costocervical trunk, L

               Deep palmar arch, L

               Dorsal digital, L

               Dorsal metacarpal, L

               Dorsal scapular (transverse scapular, deep branch), L

               Inferior thyroid, L

               Interosseous recurrent, L

               Middle collateral, L

               Princeps pollicis, L

               Profunda brachii, L

               Proper palmar digital, L

               Radial collateral, L

               Radial recurrent, L

               Radial, dorsal carpal branch, L

               Radial, L

               Subscapular, L

               Superficial palmar arch, L

               Suprascapular, L

               Thoracoacromial, acromial branch, L

               Thoracoacromial, deltoid branch, L

               Thoracoacromial, pectoral branch, L

               Thoracodorsal, L

               Thyrocervical trunk, L

               Transverse cervical, L

               Ulnar collateral, L

               Ulnar recurrent, anterior, L

               Ulnar recurrent, posterior, L

               Ulnar recurrent, L

               Ulnar, dorsal carpal branch, L

               Ulnar, L

               Ulnar, superficial branch, L

               Thoracoacromial trunk, L

               Palmar metacarpal, L

               Common palmar digital, L

               Superior thoracic, L

               Deep cervical, L

               Superficial cervical (transverse cervical, superficial branch), L

         Thorax

            Thorax, R

               Lateral thoracic, R

               Brachiocephalic trunk (innominate artery)

               Intercostals [03-10], R

               Intercostal [11], R

               Musculophrenic, R

               Subcostal [12], R

               Superior epigastric, R

               Internal thoracic (mammary), R

               Second intercostal, R

               First intercostal, R

               Supreme intercostal (highest), R

            Thorax, L

               Lateral thoracic, L

               Intercostals [03-10], L

               Second intercostal, L

               First intercostal, L

               Internal thoracic (mammary), L

               Superior epigastric, L

               Intercostal [11], L

               Subcostal [12], L

               Musculophrenic, L

               Supreme intercostal (highest), L

               Subclavian, L

            Esophageal

            Bronchial

            Aorta, descending (thoracic)

         Pelvis

            Pelvis, R

               External iliac, R

               Common iliac, R

               Internal iliac, R

               Internal iliac, anterior trunk, R

                  Internal pudendal, R

                  Inferior gluteal, R

                  Dorsal artery of the penis, R

                  Deep artery of the penis, R

                  Internal pudendal, R

                  Internal iliac, anterior trunk, R

                  Obturator, R

                  Internal iliac, anterior trunk, R

                  Gonadal (ovarian), tubal branch, R

                  Umbilical, R

                  Medial umbilical ligament (cord of umbilical artery), R

                  Superior vesical, R

                  Uterine, ovarian branch, R

                  Uterine, R

                  Vaginal, R

                  Uterine, vaginal branch, R

                  Inferior rectal, R

                  Middle rectal, R

                  Inferior vesical, R

                  Superior vesical, R

                  Inferior rectal, R

               Internal iliac, posterior trunk, R

                  Iliolumbar, R

                  Superior gluteal, R

                  Lateral sacral, R

                  Internal iliac, posterior trunk, R

               Deep external pudendal (pudic), R

               Deep external pudendal (pudic), R

               Superficial external pudendal (pudic), R

               Superficial external pudendal (pudic), R

               Anterior scrotal, R

            Pelvis, L

               External iliac, L

               Common iliac, L

               Internal iliac, L

               Internal iliac, anterior trunk, L

                  Inferior gluteal, L

                  Deep artery of the penis, L

                  Internal pudendal, L

                  Internal pudendal, L

                  Internal iliac, anterior trunk, L

                  Obturator, L

                  Dorsal artery of the penis, L

                  Internal iliac, anterior trunk, L

                  Uterine, ovarian branch, L

                  Uterine, vaginal branch, L

                  Superior vesical, L

                  Middle rectal, L

                  Inferior rectal, L

                  Inferior vesical, L

                  Gonadal (ovarian), tubal branch, L

                  Inferior rectal, L

                  Superior vesical, L

                  Uterine, L

                  Vaginal, L

                  Medial umbilical ligament (cord of umbilical artery), L

                  Umbilical, L

               Internal iliac, posterior trunk, L

                  Iliolumbar, L

                  Superior gluteal, L

                  Lateral sacral, L

                  Internal iliac, posterior trunk, L

               Deep external pudendal (pudic), L

               Deep external pudendal (pudic), L

               Superficial external pudendal (pudic), L

               Superficial external pudendal (pudic), L

               Anterior scrotal, L

            Median (middle) sacral

            Coccygeal body

         Lower limb

            Leg, R

               Medial plantar, superficial branch, R

               Proper plantar digital, R

               Dorsal common digital, R

               Dorsal digital, R

               Dorsal metatarsal, R

               Common plantar, R

               Plantar metatarsal, R

               Distal perforating branches, R

               Proximal perforating branches, R

               Deep plantar, R

               Deep plantar arch, R

               Lateral plantar, R

               Medial plantar, deep branch, R

               Medial plantar, R

               Dorsalis pedis, R

               Arcuate, R

               Lateral tarsal, R

               Calcaneal branches, R

               Anterior tibial recurrent, R

               Lateral circumflex femoral, descending branch, R

               Perforating branches of the thigh, R

               Circumflex femoral, lateral, R

               Circumflex femoral, medial, R

               Fibular (peroneal), R

               Popliteal, R

               Descending genicular, R

               Medial superior genicular, R

               Lateral superior genicular, R

               Middle genicular, R

               Medial inferior genicular, R

               Lateral inferior genicular, R

               Posterior tibial, R

               Anterior tibial, R

               Femoral, R

               Profunda femoris (deep femoral, deep artery of the thigh), R

            Leg, L

               Circumflex femoral, medial, L

               Circumflex femoral, lateral, L

               Perforating branches of the thigh, L

               Lateral circumflex femoral, descending branch, L

               Anterior tibial recurrent, L

               Calcaneal branches, L

               Lateral tarsal, L

               Arcuate, L

               Dorsalis pedis, L

               Medial plantar, L

               Medial plantar, deep branch, L

               Lateral plantar, L

               Deep plantar arch, L

               Deep plantar, L

               Proximal perforating branches, L

               Distal perforating branches, L

               Plantar metatarsal, L

               Common plantar, L

               Dorsal metatarsal, L

               Dorsal digital, L

               Dorsal common digital, L

               Proper plantar digital, L

               Medial plantar, superficial branch, L

               Fibular (peroneal), L

               Popliteal, L

               Descending genicular, L

               Medial superior genicular, L

               Lateral superior genicular, L

               Middle genicular, L

               Lateral inferior genicular, L

               Medial inferior genicular, L

               Anterior tibial, L

               Posterior tibial, L

               Femoral, L

               Profunda femoris (deep femoral, deep artery of the thigh), L

         Intestinal

            Inferior mesenteric, branches

               Marginal

               Left colic

               Sigmoid

               Superior rectal

            Superior mesenteric, branches

               Jejunal and ileal branches

               Ileocolic, colic branch

               Right colic

               Ileocolic, ileal branch

               Ileocolic

            Superior mesenteric

            Middle colic

            Inferior mesenteric

         Head and neck

            Head and neck, L

               Circle of Willis, L

                  Posterior communicating, L

                  Middle cerebral, L

                  Anterior cerebral segment, L

                  Posterior cerebral, L

                  Anterior communicating, L

               Internal carotid, L

                  Internal carotid, cervical part, L

                  Internal carotid, cerebral part, L

                  Internal carotid, cavernous part, L

                  Internal carotid, petrous part, L

               Brainstem and cerebellar branches, L

                  Basilar, left side

                  Posterior inferior cerebellar, L

                  Pontine, L

                  Anterior inferior cerebellar, L

                  Superior cerebellar, L

               Branches of the circle of Willis, L

                  Posterior cerebral artery (PCA) branches, L

                     Calcarine branch, L

                     Parietal branch, L

                     Dorsal callosal branch, L

                  Anterior cerebral artery (ACA) branches, L

                     Callosomarginal, L

                     Anteromedial frontal branch, L

                     Intermediomedial frontal branch, L

                     Paracentral branches, L

                     Posteromedial frontal branch, L

                     Precuneal branches, L

                     Pericallosal, L

                     Medial frontobasal, L

                     Polar frontal, L

                     Cingular branch, L

                  Middle cerebral artery (MCA) branches, L

                     Middle temporal branch, L

                     Posterior temporal branch, L

                     Artery of postcentral sulcus, L

                     Anterior temporal branch, L

                     Lateral frontobasal (orbitofrontal), R

                     Prefrontal (pre-Rolandic), L

                     Artery of precentral sulcus, L

                     Artery of central sulcus, L

                     Posterior parietal, L

                     Parieto-occipital branch, L

               Hypophyseal arteries, L

                  Inferior hypophyseal, L

                  Middle hypophyseal, L

                  Superior hypophyseal, L

               Branches of the ophthalmic artery, L

                  Superior palpebral arterial arch, L

                  Inferior palpebral arterial arch, L

                  Posterior ciliary, L

                  Supratrochlear, L

                  Superior medial palpebral, L

                  Inferior medial palpebral, L

                  Supraorbital, L

                  Central retinal, L

                  Lacrimal, L

                  Superior lateral palpebral, L

                  Inferior lateral palpebral, L

               Branches of the maxillary artery, L

                  Buccal, L

                  Superior alveolar, L

                  Infraorbital, L

                  Anterior deep temporal, L

                  Accessory meningeal, L

                  Posterior lateral nasal branches, L

                  Sphenopalatine, L

                  Vidian (artery of pterygoid canal), L

                  Middle meningeal, L

                  Greater palatine, L

                  Lesser palatine, L

                  Descending palatine, L

                  Lateral pterygoid, L

                  Medial pterygoid, L

                  Masseteric, L

                  Posterior deep temporal, L

                  Anterior meningeal, L

                  Posterior meningeal, L

                  Pharyngeal, L

                  Incisor, L

                  Inferior alveolar, L

                  Mylohyoid, L

               Ophthalmic, L

               Inferior labial, L

               Lingual, L

               Superior labial, L

               Angular, L

               Maxillary, L

               External carotid, L

               Occipital, L

               Auricular, L

               Superficial temporal, L

               Superior thyroid, L

               Facial, L

               Submental, L

               Vertebral, L

               Common carotid, L

               Transverse facial, L

               Mental, L

               Dorsal nasal, L

            Head and neck, R

               Internal carotid, R

                  Internal carotid, petrous part, R

                  Internal carotid, cavernous part, R

                  Internal carotid, cerebral part, R

                  Internal carotid, cervical part, R

               Circle of Willis, R

                  Posterior communicating, R

                  Middle cerebral, R

                  Anterior cerebral segment, R

                  Anterior communicating, R

                  Posterior cerebral, R

               Branches of the circle of Willis, R

                  Anterior cerebral artery (ACA) branches, R

                     Anteromedial frontal branch, R

                     Callosomarginal, R

                     Cingular branch, R

                     Medial frontobasal, R

                     Intermediomedial frontal branch, R

                     Paracentral branches, R

                     Precuneal branches, R

                     Posteromedial frontal branch, R

                     Polar frontal, R

                     Pericallosal, R

                  Middle cerebral artery (MCA) branches, R

                     Prefrontal (pre-Rolandic), R

                     Artery of precentral sulcus, R

                     Artery of central sulcus, R

                     Posterior parietal, R

                     Parieto-occipital branch, R

                     Posterior temporal branch, R

                     Middle temporal branch, R

                     Artery of postcentral sulcus, R

                     Anterior temporal branch, R

                     Lateral frontobasal (orbitofrontal), L

                  Posterior cerebral artery (PCA) branches, R

                     Dorsal callosal branch, R

                     Calcarine branch, R

                     Parietal branch, R

               Brainstem and cerebellar branches, R

                  Basilar, right side

                  Posterior inferior cerebellar, R

                  Pontine, R

                  Anterior inferior cerebellar, R

                  Superior cerebellar, R

               Hypophyseal arteries, R

                  Inferior hypophyseal, R

                  Middle hypophyseal, R

                  Superior hypophyseal, R

               Branches of the ophthalmic artery, R

                  Inferior palpebral arterial arch, R

                  Posterior ciliary, R

                  Superior medial palpebral, R

                  Inferior medial palpebral, R

                  Superior palpebral arterial arch, R

                  Inferior lateral palpebral, R

                  Lacrimal, R

                  Central retinal, R

                  Superior lateral palpebral, R

                  Supraorbital, R

                  Supratrochlear, R

               Branches of the maxillary artery, R

                  Buccal, R

                  Superior alveolar, R

                  Infraorbital, R

                  Posterior lateral nasal branches, R

                  Sphenopalatine, R

                  Vidian (artery of pterygoid canal), R

                  Pharyngeal, R

                  Masseteric, R

                  Medial pterygoid, R

                  Lateral pterygoid, R

                  Descending palatine, R

                  Middle meningeal, R

                  Greater palatine, R

                  Lesser palatine, R

                  Posterior deep temporal, R

                  Anterior meningeal, R

                  Accessory meningeal, R

                  Mylohyoid, R

                  Inferior alveolar, R

                  Anterior deep temporal, R

                  Posterior meningeal, R

                  Incisor, R

               Auricular, R

               Dorsal nasal, R

               Superficial temporal, R

               Ophthalmic, R

               Vertebral, R

               Maxillary, R

               Occipital, R

               Facial, R

               External carotid, R

               Angular, R

               Superior thyroid, R

               Lingual, R

               Submental, R

               Inferior labial, R

               Superior labial, R

               Common carotid, R

               Transverse facial, R

               Mental, R

      Veins

         Abdomen

            Abdomen, left side

               Lumbar, L

               Thoracoepigastric, L

               Gonadal (ovarian), L

               Renal, L

               Suprarenal, L

               Inferior phrenic, L

               Superficial epigastric, L

               Superficial circumflex iliac, L

               Gonadal (testicular, internal spermatic), L

               Deep circumflex iliac, L

               Inferior epigastric, L

               Ascending lumbar, L

            Abdomen, right side

               Lumbar, R

               Thoracoepigastric, R

               Gonadal (ovarian), R

               Renal, R

               Suprarenal, R

               Inferior phrenic, R

               Superficial epigastric, R

               Superficial circumflex iliac, R

               Gonadal (testicular, internal spermatic), R

               Deep circumflex iliac, R

               Inferior epigastric, R

               Ascending lumbar, R

            Hepatic portal and associated branches

               Splenic (lienal)

               Gastroepiploic (gastro-omental), L

               Pancreatic branches

               Short gastric

               Pancreaticoduodenal, posterior superior

               Left gastric

               Right gastric

               Hepatic portal vein

               Pancreaticoduodenal, posterior inferior

               Pancreaticoduodenal, anterior superior

               Pancreaticoduodenal, anterior inferior

               Gastroepiploic (gastro-omental), R

               Cystic

               Hepatic portal, R

               Hepatic portal, L

               Hepatic vein, R

               Hepatic vein, intermediate

               Esophageal

               Prepyloric

               Hepatic vein, L

            Intestinal

               Superior mesenteric, branches

                  Jejunal and ileal branches

                  Right colic

                  Ileocolic, colic branch

                  Ileocolic

               Inferior mesenteric, branches

                  Marginal

                  Sigmoid

                  Left colic

                  Superior rectal

               Inferior mesenteric

               Superior mesenteric

               Middle colic

               Cecal

               Appendicular

            Lumbar, union between ascending lumbar

            Inferior vena cava

         Upper limb

            Arm, R

               Palmar digital, R

               Suprascapular, R

               Basilic, R

               Brachial, R

               Median cubital, R

               Ulnar, R

               Median antebrachial, R

               Radial, R

               Dorsal venous arch, R

               Palmar venous arch, deep, R

               Circumflex scapular, R

               Subscapular, R

               Lateral thoracic, R

               Circumflex humeral, posterior, R

               Circumflex humeral, anterior, R

               Axillary, R

               Thoracodorsal, R

               Subclavian, R

               Dorsal digital, R

               Intercapitular, R

               Palmar venous arch, superficial, R

               Palmar metacarpal, R

               Common palmar digital, R

               Dorsal metacarpal, R

               Cephalic, R

               Accessory cephalic, R

            Arm, L

               Palmar digital, L

               Basilic, L

               Brachial, L

               Median cubital, L

               Median antebrachial, L

               Ulnar, L

               Dorsal venous arch, L

               Palmar venous arch, deep, L

               Radial, L

               Suprascapular, L

               Circumflex humeral, posterior, L

               Circumflex scapular, L

               Subscapular, L

               Thoracodorsal, L

               Lateral thoracic, L

               Circumflex humeral, anterior, L

               Axillary, L

               Subclavian, L

               Dorsal digital, L

               Intercapitular, L

               Palmar venous arch, superficial, L

               Palmar metacarpal, L

               Common palmar digital, L

               Dorsal metacarpal, L

               Cephalic, L

               Accessory cephalic, L

         Thorax

            Thorax, left side

               Brachiocephalic (innominate), L

               Hemiazygos (vena azygos minor inferior)

               Accessory hemiazygos

               Subcostal [12], L

               Intercostals [01-11], L

               Superior epigastric, L

               Superior intercostal, L

               Internal thoracic (mammary), L

               Musculophrenic, L

            Thorax, right side

               Musculophrenic, R

               Internal thoracic (mammary), R

               Intercostals [01-11], R

               Brachiocephalic (innominate), R

               Subcostal [12], R

               Superior epigastric, R

               Azygos (vena azygos)

               Superior intercostal, R

            Superior vena cava

         Lower limb

            Leg, L

               Medial plantar, L

               Superficial (dorsal) metatarsal, L

               Superficial (dorsal) digital, L

               Deep plantar metatarsal, L

               Distal perforating branches, L

               Proximal perforating branches, L

               Deep plantar venous arch, L

               Lateral plantar, L

               Dorsal venous arch, perforating branch, L

               Dorsal venous arch, L

               Dorsalis pedis, L

               Fibular (peroneal), L

               Calcaneal branches, L

               Small saphenous, L

               Anterior tibial recurrent, L

               Medial inferior genicular, L

               Perforating branches, L

               Profunda femoris (deep femoral, vein accompanying deep artery of the thigh), L

               Circumflex femoral, lateral, L

               Circumflex femoral, medial, L

               Plantar digital, L

               Popliteal, L

               Medial superior genicular, L

               Lateral superior genicular, L

               Lateral inferior genicular, L

               Posterior tibial, L

               Anterior tibial, L

               Great saphenous, L

               Femoral, L

            Leg, R

               Medial plantar, R

               Superficial (dorsal) metatarsal, R

               Superficial (dorsal) digital, R

               Deep plantar metatarsal, R

               Distal perforating branches, R

               Proximal perforating branches, R

               Deep plantar venous arch, R

               Lateral plantar, R

               Dorsal venous arch, perforating branch, R

               Dorsal venous arch, R

               Dorsalis pedis, R

               Fibular (peroneal), R

               Calcaneal branches, R

               Small saphenous, R

               Anterior tibial recurrent, R

               Medial inferior genicular, R

               Perforating branches, R

               Profunda femoris (deep femoral, vein accompanying deep artery of the thigh), R

               Circumflex femoral, medial, R

               Circumflex femoral, lateral, R

               Plantar digital, R

               Popliteal, R

               Medial superior genicular, R

               Lateral superior genicular, R

               Lateral inferior genicular, R

               Posterior tibial, R

               Anterior tibial, R

               Femoral, R

               Great saphenous, R

         Pelvis

            Pelvis, left side

               Common iliac, L

               Internal iliac, L

               Internal iliac vein, anterior trunk, L

                  Inferior gluteal, L

                  Obturator, L

                  Internal pudendal, L

                  Internal pudendal, L

                  Inferior rectal, L

                  Inferior rectal, L

                  Vesical venous plexus, L

                  Middle rectal, L

                  Superior vesical, L

                  Inferior vesical, L

                  Prostatic venous plexus, L

                  Inferior vesical, L

                  Vesical venous plexus, L

                  Superior vesical, L

                  Middle rectal, L

                  Ovarian venous plexus, L

                  Uterine, L

                  Uterine venous plexus, L

                  Uterine, ovarian branch, L

                  Vaginal venous plexus, L

                  Internal iliac, anterior trunk, R

                  Internal iliac vein, anterior trunk, L

               Internal iliac vein, posterior trunk, L

                  Iliolumbar, L

                  Superior gluteal, L

                  Lateral sacral, L

                  Internal iliac, posterior trunk, L

               Deep external pudendal (pudic), L

               Deep external pudendal (pudic), L

               Superficial external pudendal (pudic), L

               Superficial external pudendal (pudic), L

               Anterior scrotal, L

               Pampiniform plexus, L

               External iliac, L

            Pelvis, right side

               Common iliac, R

               Internal iliac, R

               Internal iliac vein, anterior trunk, R

                  Internal iliac, anterior trunk, R

                  Internal iliac, anterior trunk, R

                  Inferior rectal, R

                  Prostatic venous plexus, R

                  Vesical venous plexus, R

                  Middle rectal, R

                  Inferior vesical, R

                  Superior vesical, R

                  Middle rectal, R

                  Inferior vesical, R

                  Vesical venous plexus, R

                  Superior vesical, R

                  Inferior rectal, R

                  Uterine venous plexus, R

                  Uterine, ovarian branch, R

                  Uterine, R

                  Ovarian venous plexus, R

                  Vaginal venous plexus, R

                  Internal pudendal, R

                  Obturator, R

                  Inferior gluteal, R

                  Internal pudendal, R

               Internal iliac vein, posterior trunk, R

                  Internal iliac, posterior trunk, R

                  Iliolumbar, R

                  Superior gluteal, R

                  Lateral sacral, R

               Deep external pudendal (pudic), R

               Superficial external pudendal (pudic), R

               Deep external pudendal (pudic), R

               Superficial external pudendal (pudic), R

               Anterior scrotal, R

               Pampiniform plexus, R

               External iliac, R

            Median (middle) sacral

            Superficial dorsal vein (of the penis)

            Deep dorsal vein (of the penis)

         Head and neck

            Head and neck, right side

               Middle thyroid, R

               Hypophyseal veins, R

                  Hypophyseal portal, R

                  Primary capillary plexus, R

                  Secondary capillary plexus, R

                  Hypophyseal, R

               Branches of the ophthalmic veins, R

                  Supraorbital, R

                  Supratrochlear, R

                  Superior medial palpebral, R

                  Lacrimal, R

                  Inferior medial palpebral, R

                  Vorticose (vortex), R

                  Superior lateral palpebral, R

                  Superior palpebral venous arch, R

                  Inferior lateral palpebral, R

                  Inferior palpebral venous arch, R

                  Central retinal, R

               Inferior ophthalmic, R

               Superior ophthalmic, R

               Angular, R

               Vertebral, R

               Occipital, R

               Superficial temporal, R

               Posterior auricular, R

               Internal jugular, R

               Facial, R

               Retromandibular, anterior division, R

               Retromandibular, posterior division, R

               External jugular, R

               Facial trunk (common facial), R

               Lingual, R

               Inferior labial, R

               Labial branches, R

               Submental, R

               Superior thyroid, R

               Superior labial, R

               Maxillary, R

               Infraorbital, R

               Retromandibular, R

               Transverse facial, R

               Pterygoid plexus, R

            Head and neck, left side

               Middle thyroid, L

               Hypophyseal veins, L

                  Hypophyseal, L

                  Primary capillary plexus, L

                  Secondary capillary plexus, L

                  Hypophyseal portal, L

               Branches of the ophthalmic veins, L

                  Central retinal, L

                  Inferior palpebral venous arch, L

                  Inferior medial palpebral, L

                  Supraorbital, L

                  Supratrochlear, L

                  Superior medial palpebral, L

                  Lacrimal, L

                  Vorticose (vortex), L

                  Superior lateral palpebral, L

                  Superior palpebral venous arch, L

                  Inferior lateral palpebral, L

               Internal jugular, L

               External jugular, L

               Vertebral, L

               Facial, L

               Inferior labial, L

               Submental, L

               Labial branches, L

               Lingual, L

               Retromandibular, anterior division, L

               Superior thyroid, L

               Facial trunk (common facial), L

               Superficial temporal, L

               Posterior auricular, L

               Retromandibular, L

               Retromandibular, posterior division, L

               Occipital, L

               Superior labial, L

               Angular, L

               Maxillary, L

               Superior ophthalmic, L

               Inferior ophthalmic, L

               Infraorbital, L

               Transverse facial, L

               Pterygoid plexus, L

            Venous sinuses

               Sinuses midsagittal

                  Superior sagittal sinus

                  Inferior sagittal sinus

                  Straight sinus

                  Anterior intercavernous sinus

                  Posterior intercavernous sinus

                  Basilar plexus and sinus

                  Confluence of sinuses

               Venous sinuses, R

                  Cavernous sinus, R

                  Sphenoparietal sinus, R

                  Occipital sinus, R

                  Inferior petrosal sinus, R

                  Sigmoid sinus, R

                  Transverse sinus, R

                  Superior petrosal sinus, R

                  Superficial middle cerebral, R

               Venous sinuses, L

                  Occipital sinus, L

                  Inferior petrosal sinus, L

                  Sigmoid sinus, L

                  Superior petrosal sinus, L

                  Sphenoparietal sinus, L

                  Transverse sinus, L

                  Cavernous sinus, L

                  Superficial middle cerebral, L

            Inferior thyroid (thyroidea ima)

   Pulmonary circulation

      Pulmonary veins (oxygenated)

         Pulmonary veins, R

            Pulmonary veins, superior, R

            Pulmonary veins, inferior, R

            Pulmonary veins (base of), R

         Pulmonary veins, L

            Pulmonary veins, superior, L

            Pulmonary veins, inferior, L

            Pulmonary veins (base of), L

      Pulmonary arteries (deoxygenated)

         Pulmonary arteries, R

            Pulmonary arteries, R

            Pulmonary arteries (base of), R

         Pulmonary arteries, L

            Pulmonary arteries, L

            Pulmonary arteries (base of), L

      Pulmonary trunk

 

 

========================================

Respiratory System

========================================

Respiratory System

   Upper respiratory system

      Pharynx* (see also: digestive system)

         Oropharynx* (see also: digestive system)

         Nasopharynx

         Laryngopharynx* (see also: digestive system)

            Piriform sinus (fossa)* (see also: digestive system)

            Vestibule of larynx* (see also: digestive system)

            Epiglottic vallecula* (see also: digestive system)

            Corniculate tubercles* (see also: digestive system)

            Cuneiform tubercles* (see also: digestive system)

            Laryngopharynx* (see also: digestive system)

      Eustachian tube, R

      Nasal conchae (turbinates), inferior (lower)

      Nasal conchae (turbinates), middle

      Nasal conchae (turbinates), superior (upper)

      Eustachian tube, L

      Larynx

         Ventricles of larynx

         Larynx

         Vestibular folds (false vocal cords)

         Vocal folds (true vocal cords)

      Nasal cavity

      Hiatus semilunaris

      Paranasal sinuses (membranes)

         Ethmoid sinuses, anterior group (membranes)

         Maxillary sinuses (membranes)

         Ethmoid sinuses, middle group (membranes)

         Ethmoid sinuses, posterior group (membranes)

         Sphenoid sinuses (membranes)

         Frontal sinuses (membranes)

   Lower respiratory system

      Trachea

         Tracheal cartilaginous rings

         Trachea

      Bronchi and subdivisions, R

         Primary cartilaginous rings, R

         Primary bronchus, R

         Tertiary (segmental) bronchi, R

         Secondary (lobar) bronchi, R

         Higher order branches and bronchioles, R

         Secondary cartilaginous rings, R

      Bronchi and subdivisions, L

         Primary cartilaginous rings, L

         Primary bronchus, L

         Higher order branches and bronchioles, L

         Secondary (lobar) bronchi, L

         Tertiary (segmental) bronchi, L

         Secondary cartilaginous rings, L

      Lungs

         Lung, R

            Middle lobe, R

            Inferior lobe, R

            Horizontal fissure, R

            Superior lobe, R

            Root (hilum) of lung, R

            Oblique fissure, R

         Lung, L

            Superior lobe, L

            Oblique fissure, L

            Inferior lobe, L

            Root (hilum) of lung, L

 

 

========================================

Urinary System

========================================

Urinary System

   Urinary system, R

      Kidney, R

         Kidney back, R

         Pyramids, R

         Renal pelvis, R

         Kidney front, R

   Urinary system, L

      Kidney, L

         Renal pelvis, L

         Pyramids, L

         Kidney front, L

         Kidney back, L

   Urethra

   Bladder

      Bladder, L half

         Bladder, body, L half

         Bladder, inner surface, L half

         Ureteral orifice, L

         Bladder, trigone, L half

         Detrusor muscle, L half

      Bladder, R half

         Bladder, body, R half

         Bladder, inner surface, R half

         Ureteral orifice, R

         Bladder, trigone, R half

         Detrusor muscle, R half

      Bladder, neck

      Internal urethral sphincter

   Ureter, L

   Ureter, R

   Ureter, R

   Ureter, L

   Bladder

      Bladder, L half

         Bladder, neck, L half

         Bladder, L half

         Bladder, inner surface, L half

         Ureteral orifice, L

         Bladder, trigone, L half

         Detrusor muscle, L half

      Bladder, R half

         Ureteral orifice, R

         Bladder, R half

         Bladder, neck, R half

         Bladder, trigone, R half

         Bladder, inner surface, R half

         Detrusor muscle, R half

      Internal urethral sphincter

   Urethra

      Urethra, L half

         Verumontanum (seminal colliculus) of prostatic urethra, L half

         Urethra, prostatic portion, L half

         Urethra, spongy portion (penile), L half

         Urethra, membranous, L half

      Urethra, R half

         Verumontanum (seminal colliculus) of prostatic urethra, R half

         Urethra, prostatic portion, R half

         Urethra, spongy portion (penile), R half

         Urethra, membranous, R half

   External urethral sphincter

   External urethral sphincter

 

 

========================================

Lymphatic System

========================================

Lymphatic System

   Left lymphatic duct (thoracic duct)

      Subclavian trunk and nodes drained, L

         Interpectoral lymph vessels, L

         Anterior axillary (pectoral) lymph vessels, L

         Interpectoral lymph vessels, L

         Anterior axillary (pectoral) lymph vessels, L

         Subclavian trunk, L

         Ulnar group of lymph vessels, L

         Branches of parasternal lymph vessels, L

         Branches of parasternal lymph vessels, L

         Parasternal lymph vessels, L

         Radial group of lymph vessels, L

         Parasternal lymph nodes, L

         Virchow's node

         Apical (medial, subclavicular) lymph nodes, L

         Deltopectoral (infraclavicular) lymph nodes, L

         Brachial (lateral) lymph nodes, L

         Central axillary (intermediate) lymph nodes, L

         Anterior axillary (pectoral) lymph nodes, L

         Cubital lymph nodes, L

         Inframammary lymph nodes, L

         Subclavian lymph node, L

         Supratrochlear lymph nodes, L

         Subscapular (posterior) axillary lymph nodes, L

      Jugular trunk and nodes drained, L

         Left lymphatic (thoracic) duct

         Anterior jugular lymph vessel, L

         Branches of submandibular lymph vessel, L

         Parotid-auricular lymph vessel, L

         Occipital lymph vessel, L

         External jugular lymph vessel, L

         Facial lymph vessel, L

         Internal jugular lymph vessel, L

         Submandibular lymph vessel, L

         Submental lymph vessels, L

         Accessory lymph vessel, L

         Palatine tonsil, L

         Submental lymph nodes, L

         Posterior lateral superficial cervical (spinal accessory) lymph nodes, L

         Supraclavicular lymph nodes, L

         Retropharyngeal lymph nodes, L

         Buccinator node of the facial lymph vessel, L

         Retroauricular (mastoid, posterior auricular) lymph nodes, L

         Anterior deep cervical lymph nodes, L

         Anterior superficial cervical (anterior jugular) lymph nodes, L

         Transverse cervical chain of lymph nodes, L

         Superior deep lateral cervical (internal jugular) lymph nodes, L

         Suprahyoid lymph node, L

         Mandibular lymph nodes, L

         Jugulofacial venous junction lymph nodes, L

         Jugulodigastric lymph node, L

         Superior lateral superficial cervical (external jugular) lymph node, L

         Deep parotid (preauricular) lymph nodes, L

         Nasolabial node of the facial lymph vessel, L

         Occipital lymph nodes, L

         Superficial parotid lymph nodes, L

         Sternocleidomastoid lymph nodes, L

         Subparotid lymph node, L

         Submandibular (submaxillary) lymph nodes, L

         Intercalated lymph node, L

         Superior thyroid lymph nodes, L

         Anterior deep cervical (pretracheal and thyroid) lymph nodes, L

         Jugulo-omohyoid lymph node, L

         Inferior deep lateral cervical (scalene) lymph node, L

      Bronchomediastinal trunk and nodes drained, L

         Coronary trunk, L

         Bronchomediastinal trunk, L

         Paratracheal lymph vessels, L

         Inferior tracheobronchial lymph vessels

         Brachiocephalic lymph nodes, L

         Anterior deep cervical (paratracheal) lymph nodes, L

         Node of ligamentum arteriosum (inconstant)

         Inferior tracheobronchial lymph nodes

         Prepericardial lymph nodes

         Lateral pericardial lymph nodes

         Superior phrenic lymph nodes

         Paraesophageal lymph nodes, L

         Juxtaesophageal lymph nodes, L

         Juxtaesophageal lymph nodes, R

         Superior tracheobronchial lymph nodes, L

      Cisterna chyli

         Right lumbar trunk and nodes drained

            Lower limb and nodes drained, R

               Fibular group of lymph vessels, R

               Tibial group of lymph vessels, R

               Femoral group of lymph vessels, R

               Anterior tibial lymph node, R

               Popliteal lymph nodes, R

            Sacral lymph vessels, R

            Lumbar trunk, R

            Precaval (right lateral aortic) lymph nodes

            Retrocaval (posterior caval) lymph nodes

            Lateral caval lymph nodes, R

            Preaortic lymph nodes

            Retroaortic (postaortic) lymph nodes

            Inferior phrenic lymph nodes

            Pelvic and nodes, R

               Deep inguinal lymph nodes, R

               Superficial inguinal lymph nodes (vertical tract), R

               Superficial inguinal lymph nodes (horizontal tract), R

               External iliac lymph nodes, R

               Internal iliac (epigastric) lymph nodes, R

               Promontory lymph node

               Intermediate lacunar lymph node, R

               Obturator lymph nodes, R

               Node of Cloquet or Rosenmuller (superior-most deep inguinal) lymph node, R

               Lateral sacral lymph nodes, R

               Common iliac lymph nodes, R

               Superficial inguinal lymph vessels, R

               Gonadal lymph vessel, R

               Collecting lymph vessels from glans penis, R

               Superficial lymph vessels from the penis, R

               Testis and epididymis lymph vessels, R

               Lymph vessels of the bladder, R

               Uterine branch of lymph vessels, R

         Intestinal trunk and nodes drained

            Gastro-omental lymph vessel

            Splenic (lienal) lymph vessels

            Pancreatic lymph vessels

            Superior mesenteric lymph vessels

            Hepatic lymph vessels

            Celiac lymph vessels

            Gastroepiploic (gastro-omental) lymph nodes, L

            Gastroepiploic (gastro-omental) lymph nodes, R

            Superior pancreatic lymph nodes

            Inferior pancreatic lymph nodes

            Subpyloric lymph nodes

            Pancreaticoduodenal lymph nodes

            Left gastric lymph nodes

            Celiac (preaortic) lymph nodes

            Suprapyloric lymph nodes

            Cystic lymph node

            Hepatic lymph nodes

            Superior pancreaticoduodenal lymph nodes

            Retropyloric lymph node

            Splenic (lienal) lymph nodes

            Gastric (cardiac nodes of stomach) lymph nodes

            Preaortic (inferior mesenteric) lymph nodes

            Preaortic (superior mesenteric) lymph nodes

         Left lumbar trunk and nodes drained

            Lower limb and nodes drained, L

               Tibial group of lymph vessels, L

               Fibular group of lymph vessels, L

               Femoral group of lymph vessels, L

               Popliteal lymph nodes, L

               Anterior tibial lymph node, L

            Sacral lymph vessels, L

            Branches of the lumbar lymph vessels

            Preaortic inferior mesenteric lymph vessels

            Lateral aortic lymph vessels

            Lumbar trunk, L

            Left lateral aortic lymph nodes

            Intermediate lumbar lymph nodes

            Pelvic and nodes, L

               Lateral sacral lymph nodes, L

               External iliac lymph nodes, L

               Internal iliac (epigastric) lymph nodes, L

               Common iliac lymph nodes, L

               Gonadal lymph vessel, L

               Superficial inguinal lymph vessels, L

               Collecting lymph vessels from glans penis, L

               Superficial lymph vessels from the penis, L

               Testis and epididymis lymph vessels, L

               Superficial inguinal lymph nodes (horizontal tract), L

               Obturator lymph nodes, L

               Intermediate lacunar lymph node, L

               Node of Cloquet or Rosenmuller (superior-most deep inguinal) lymph node, L

               Superficial inguinal lymph nodes (vertical tract), L

               Deep inguinal lymph nodes, L

               Lymph vessels of the bladder, L

               Uterine branch of lymph vessels, L

         Presymphyseal lymph node

         Middle sacral lymph nodes

         Cisterna chyli

         Cisterna chyli

      Thoracic duct

      Intercostal trunk and nodes, L

         Intercostal lymph vessels, L

         Prevertebral lymph nodes, L

         Intercostal (thoracic) lymph nodes, L

   Right lymphatic duct

      Subclavian trunk and nodes drained, R

         Anterior axillary (pectoral) lymph vessels, R

         Interpectoral lymph vessels, R

         Branches of parasternal lymph vessels, R

         Interpectoral lymph vessels, R

         Branches of parasternal lymph vessels, R

         Anterior axillary (pectoral) lymph vessels, R

         Subclavian trunk, R

         Radial group of lymph vessels, R

         Ulnar group of lymph vessels, R

         Parasternal lymph vessels, R

         Cubital lymph nodes, R

         Deltopectoral (infraclavicular) lymph nodes, R

         Brachial (lateral) lymph nodes, R

         Central axillary (intermediate) lymph nodes, R

         Apical (medial, subclavicular) lymph nodes, R

         Anterior axillary (pectoral) lymph nodes, R

         Inframammary lymph nodes, R

         Parasternal lymph nodes, R

         Subclavian lymph node, R

         Supratrochlear lymph nodes, R

         Subscapular (posterior) axillary lymph nodes, R

      Intercostal trunk and nodes, R

         Intercostal lymph vessels, R

         Prevertebral lymph nodes, R

         Intercostal (thoracic) lymph nodes, R

      Bronchomediastinal trunk and nodes drained, R

         Coronary trunk, R

         Bronchomediastinal trunk, R

         Paratracheal lymph vessels, R

         Paraesophageal lymph nodes, R

         Brachiocephalic lymph nodes, R

         Anterior deep cervical (paratracheal) lymph nodes, R

         Superior tracheobronchial lymph nodes, R

      Jugular trunk and nodes drained, R

         Right lymphatic (thoracic) duct

         Facial lymph vessel, R

         Branches of submandibular lymph vessel, R

         External jugular lymph vessel, R

         Occipital lymph vessel, R

         Parotid-auricular lymph vessel, R

         Internal jugular lymph vessel, R

         Submandibular lymph vessel, R

         Submental lymph vessels, R

         Anterior jugular lymph vessel, R

         Accessory lymph vessel, R

         Intercalated lymph node, R

         Subparotid lymph node, R

         Deep parotid (preauricular) lymph nodes, R

         Retroauricular (mastoid, posterior auricular) lymph nodes, R

         Superficial parotid lymph nodes, R

         Occipital lymph nodes, R

         Superior lateral superficial cervical (external jugular) lymph node, R

         Mandibular lymph nodes, R

         Nasolabial node of the facial lymph vessel, R

         Buccinator node of the facial lymph vessel, R

         Jugulofacial venous junction lymph nodes, R

         Jugulodigastric lymph node, R

         Retropharyngeal lymph nodes, R

         Sternocleidomastoid lymph nodes, R

         Suprahyoid lymph node, R

         Transverse cervical chain of lymph nodes, R

         Submandibular (submaxillary) lymph nodes, R

         Superior deep lateral cervical (internal jugular) lymph nodes, R

         Superior thyroid lymph nodes, R

         Anterior deep cervical (pretracheal and thyroid) lymph nodes, R

         Anterior superficial cervical (anterior jugular) lymph nodes, R

         Anterior deep cervical lymph nodes, R

         Jugulo-omohyoid lymph node, R

         Inferior deep lateral cervical (scalene) lymph node, R

         Supraclavicular lymph nodes, R

         Palatine tonsil, R

         Submental lymph nodes, R

         Posterior lateral superficial cervical (spinal accessory) lymph nodes, R

   Thymus

   Spleen

 

 

========================================

Reproductive System

========================================

Reproductive System

   Genitalia

      Internal genitalia

         Gonads

            Testicle (testis), L

               Testicle (testis), medial half, L

               Testicle (testis), lateral half, L

            Testicle (testis), R

               Testicle (testis), medial half, R

               Testicle (testis), lateral half, R

         Prostate

            Prostate, L half

            Prostatic capsule, R

            Prostate, R half

            Space of retzius

            Lobes of prostate

               Prostate lateral lobe

               Prostate median lobe

               Prostate posterior lobe

               Prostate anterior lobe

            Zones of prostate

               Prostate central zone

               Prostate transitional zone

               Prostate peripheral zone

            Prostatic capsule, L

         Bulbourethral (Cowper's) glands

            Bulbourethral (Cowper's) glands, R

            Bulbourethral (Cowper's) glands, L

         Ducts

            Vas deferens

               Vas deferens, R

               Vas deferens, L

               Spermatic fascia, L

               Spermatic fascia, R

            Seminal vesicle

               Seminal vesicle, L

               Seminal vesicle, R

               Ejaculatory duct, R

               Ejaculatory duct, L

            Epididymis

               Epididymis, R

               Epididymis, L

      External genitalia

         Penis

            Glans penis

            Corpus spongiosum

            Corpus cavernosum, L

            Corpus cavernosum, R

         Fasciae of the penis

            Dartos fascia

            Buck's fascia (lower)

            Buck's fascia (upper)

            Tunica albuginea

   Genitalia

      External genitalia (vulva)

         Vestibule

         Prepuce (hood)

         Labia minora

         Clitoris

         Urethral orifice

      Internal genitalia

         Ducts

            Uterus, regional

               Uterus, L half

                  Uterus, endometrium, L half

                  Uterus, cervix (neck), L half

                  Uterus, body, L half

                  Uterus, fundus, L half

                  Uterus, cornu, L

               Uterus, R half

                  Uterus, body, R half

                  Uterus, endometrium, R half

                  Uterus, fundus, R half

                  Uterus, cervix (neck), R half

                  Uterus, cornu, R

            Fallopian tube (oviduct, uterine tubes, salpinx), L

            Fimbriae, L

            Fallopian tube (oviduct, uterine tubes, salpinx), R

            Fimbriae, R

            Vagina

         Gonads

            Ovarian ligament (utero-ovarian ligament, proper ovarian ligament), L

            Ovarian ligament (utero-ovarian ligament, proper ovarian ligament), R

            Ovary, L

               Ovary, anterior half, L

               Ovary, posterior half, L

            Ovary, R

               Ovary, anterior half, R

               Ovary, posterior half, R

   Mammary glands (breast tissue)

      Breast, L

      Breast, R

      Lactiferous ducts, L

      Lactiferous ducts, R

      Mammary gland lobules, R

      Mammary gland lobules, L

 

 

========================================

Integumentary System

========================================

Integumentary (Skin) System

   Female (skin) hair, R

   Female (skin) neck, R

   Female (skin) neck, L

   Female (skin) head, L

   Female (skin) hair, L

   Female (skin) torso, L

   Female (skin) leg, upper, R

   Female (skin) pelvis, L

   Female (skin) labia majora, L

   Female (skin) labia majora, R

   Female (skin) perineum

   Male (skin) leg, upper, R

   Male (skin) penis, R

   Male (skin) pelvis, R

   Male (skin) head, L

   Male (skin) hair, L

   Male (skin) hair, R

   Male (skin) perineum, R half

   Male (skin) penis, L

   Male (skin) leg, upper, L

   Male (skin) neck, L

   Male (skin) pelvis, L

   Male (skin) torso, L

   Male (skin) perineum, L half

   Male (skin) torso, R

   Male (skin) head, R

   Male (skin) neck, R

   Female (skin) hand, R

   Female (skin) shoulder and arm, R

   Female (skin) shoulder and arm, L

   Male (skin) shoulder and arm, L

   Male (skin) hand, L

   Male (skin) shoulder and arm, R

   Male (skin) hand, R

   Female (skin) hand, L

   Female (skin) foot, R

   Female (skin) leg, lower, R

   Male (skin) foot, R

   Male (skin) leg, lower, R

   Female (skin) head, R

   Male (skin) scrotum, L

   Male (skin) scrotum, R

   Female (skin) leg, lower, L

   Female (skin) foot, L

   Female (skin) leg, upper, L

   Female (skin) torso, R

   Female (skin) pelvis, R

   Male (skin) foot, L

   Male (skin) leg, lower, L

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