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2.1.8 Release Notes (October 7, 2014)

Skeleton Premium for Android

Version Number: 2.1.8

Released: October 7, 2014

 

This app includes:

- 800+ bony landmarks and regions illustrated in color.

- Information for each landmark: pronunciation and table data that lists attachments, articulations, locations, and nerve and vascular passage.

- 200+ preset views that present individual landmarks on each bone and articulations and ligaments by skeletal regions (listed below).

- 6 3D moving models of synovial joints.

- A gallery of animations and illustrations that show bone tissue, pathologies, and regional anatomy.

- A quiz bank with 500+ questions on bones and landmarks.

 

Sections of the app:

REGION VIEWS: Study bones in skeletal context. This section offers 200+ preset 3D views organized by skeletal region. All views include (1) Full 3D interactive functionality including the ability to rotate, zoom, search for bones and ligaments, and show/fade/hide any structure (2) Optional painted landmarks that can be toggled on and off for all bones (3) The ability to explore single bones and view information about their landmarks (4) Ability to draw within a view (6) Pronunciations and definitions for all bones and ligaments (7) Links to related views for easy navigation and study.

 

The views in this section are organized by region as follows:

Skull

1. Skull in Context

2. Skull

3. Coronal Skull

4. Sagittal Skull

5. Skull Ligaments

6. Laryngeal I

7. Laryngeal II

8. Upper Arch I

9. Upper Arch II

10. Lower Arch I

11. Lower Arch II

12. Facial Skeleton I

13. Facial Skeleton II

14. Orbit

15. Nasal Cavity

16. Hard Palate

17. Lacrimal, Context

18. Nasal, Context

19. Nasal Cartilages

20. Nasal Conchae

21. Maxilla, Context

22. Zygomatic I

23. Mandible I

24. Vomer, Context

25. Palatine, Context

26. Hyoid, Context

27. Cranium I

28. Cranium II

29. Cranium III

30. Calvaria

31. Parietal, Context

32. Frontal, Context

33. Temporal I

34. Occipital, Context

35. Sphenoid I

36. Ethmoid, Context

37. Maxilla

38. Zygomatic II

39. Nasal Concha

40. Mandible II

41. Vomer

42. Palatine

43. Hyoid

44. Frontal

45. Temporal II

46. Occipital

47. Sphenoid II

48. Ethmoid

49. Thyroid Cartilage

50. Arytenoid Cartilage

 

Vertebral Column

1. Vertebral Column I

2. Vertebral Column II

3. Vertebral Column III

4. Vertebral Column IV

5. Spine Ligaments

6. Cervical Spine

7. Thoracic Spine

8. Lumbar Spine

9. Sacral Spine

10. C01 Atlas I

11. C02 Axis, Context

12. Atlas, Axis

13. C05 Vertebra I

14. C07 Vertebra I

15. T01 Vertebra I

16. T07 Vertebra I

17. T11 Vertebra I

18. T12 Vertebra I

19. L03 Vertebra I

20. L05 Vertebra I

21. Sacrum, Context

22. Coccyx, Context

23. C01 Atlas II

24. C02 Axis

25. C05 Vertebra II

26. C07 Vertebra II

27. T01 Vertebra II

28. T07 Vertebra II

29. T11 Vertebra II

30. T12 Vertebra II

31. L03 Vertebra II

32. L05 Vertebra II

33. Sacrum

34. Coccyx

 

Thoracic Cage

1. Thoracic Cage I

2. Thoracic Cage II

3. Sternum in Context

4. Sternum

5. True Ribs

6. False Ribs

7. Vertebro. Ribs

8. Vertebral Ribs

9. 1st Rib in Context

10. 2nd Rib in Context

11. 4th Rib in Context

12. 8th Rib in Context

13. 10th Rib in Context

14. 11th Rib in Context

15. 12th Rib in Context

16. Manubrium

17. Body of Sternum

18. Xiphoid Process

19. 1st Rib

20. 2nd Rib

21. 4th Rib

22. 8th Rib

23. 10th Rib

24. 11th Rib

25. 12th Rib

 

Shoulder/Upper Limb

1. Shoulder Girdle I

2. Shoulder Posterior

3. Shoulder Lateral

4. Shoulder Girdle II

5. Shoulder Ligaments

6. Clavicle in Context

7. Scapula in Context

8. Upper Limbs I

9. Upper Limbs II

10. Upper Limbs III

11. Humerus I

12. Humerus II

13. Elbow I

14. Elbow II

15. Radius, Context

16. Ulna, Context

17. Hand

18. Hand Ligaments

19. Retinacula

20. Wrist

21. Carpals

22. Trapezium I

23. Trapezoid

24. Scaphoid I

25. Capitate, Context

26. Hamate, Context

27. Lunate, Context

28. Pisiform, Context

29. Triquetral

30. Metacarpals

31. Proximal Phalanges

32. Middle Phalanges

33. Distal Phalanges

34. PIP Joints

35. DIP Joints

36. MCP Joints

37. Clavicle Articulations

38. Scapula Articulations

39. Clavicle

40. Scapula

41. Elbow Ligaments

42. Humerus

43. Radius

44. Ulna

45. Scaphoid II

46. Hamate

47. Trapezium II

 

Pelvis/Lower Limb

1. Pelvis Anterior

2. Pelvis Posterior

3. Pelvis Lateral

4. Pelvis Superior

5. Pelvis Ligaments

6. Ilium in Context

7. Ischium in Context

8. Pubis in Context

9. Lower Limbs I

10. Lower Limbs II

11. Hip

12. Hip Ligaments

13. Femur, Context

14. Knee I

15. Knee II

16. Knee Ligaments

17. Patella, Context

18. Tibia, Context

19. Fibula, Context

20. Ankle

21. Foot

22. Foot Ligaments

23. Tarsals

24. Calcaneus, Context

25. Talus, Context

26. Navicular, Context

27. Cuboid, Context

28. Lateral Cuneiform

29. Intermed. Cuneiform

30. Medial Cuneiform

31. Metatarsals

32. Phalanges

33. Ilium Articulations

34. Ischium Articulations

35. Pubis Articulations

36. Ilium

37. Ischium

38. Pubis

39. ACL

40. PCL

41. MCL

42. LCL

43. Femur

44. Tibia

45. Patella

46. Fibula

47. Calcaneus

48. Talus

49. Navicular

50. 5th Metatarsal

 

BONE VIEWS: Study bones by name. The Bone Views section provides an alphabetical listing of all bones by name, along with related views for each bone from Region Views. Related views are provided for skeletal context, landmarks where applicable, and nearby joints.

GALLERY: Study surgeries, physiology, pathology, and anatomical context of skeletal structures. The Gallery offers multimedia content on the skeletal system. Animations show surgeries and pathologies. 3D cross-sections views allow the user to explore bone tissue and interact with the model. Illustrations present supplementary physiology and skeletal anatomy in context.


Animations:

1. Burst Fracture

2. Artificial Disc

3. Knee Surgery

4. Osteoporosis

5. Plantar Fasciitis

 

Interactive 3D Cross-Section Views (NOTE: coronal and sagittal skull cross-sections are also available under Region Views section)

6. Exploding Skull

7. Osteoporosis

8. Osteon

9. Femur

 

Illustrations:

1. Head Region

2. Auditory Ossicles

3. Skull Sutures

4. Fetal Skull

5. Nose and Mouth

6. Mouth Structures

7. Tooth

8. Thoracic Cage

9. Spinal Nerves

10. Vertebra

11. Spine Ligaments

12. M/F Pelvis

13. Femoral Triangle

14. Brachial Plexus

15. Forearm

16. Cubital Fossa

17. Carpal Tunnel

18. Sciatic Nerve

19. Knee

 

QUIZ: Take quizzes on landmarks and skeletal anatomy. The quiz section contains 47 quizzes and over 500 questions on landmarks and skeletal anatomy.


List of quizzes: 

Skull

1. Skull

2. Teeth

3. Maxilla

4. Zygomatic

5. Sphenoid

6. Ethmoid

7. Palatine

8. Temporal

9. Occipital

10. Frontal

11. Laryngeal

12. Hyoid

13. Arytenoid

14. Thyroid

 

Axial Skeleton

15. Thoracic Cage

16. Sternum

17. Manubrium

18. Body of Sternum

19. Fourth Rib

20. Vertebral Column

21. C01 Atlas

22. C02 Axis

23. Cervical Vertebra

24. Thoracic Vertebra

25. Lumbar Vertebra

26. Sacrum

27. Coccyx

 

Appendicular Skeleton

28. Girdles

29. Clavicle

30. Scapula

31. Upper Limb

32. Hand

33. Humerus

34. Ulna

35. Radius

36. Ilium

37. Ischium

38. Pubis

39. Lower Limb

40. Foot

41. Femur

42. Patella

43. Tibia

44. Fibula

45. Talus

46. Calcaneus

47. 5th Metatarsal

 

 

JOINTS: Study the movement and location of synovial joints. The Joints section contains 6 interactive 3D animations, one on each type of synovial joint:

 

Ball-and-Socket Joints

Condyloid (Ellipsoid) Joints

Gliding (Plane) Joints

Hinge Joints

Pivot Joints

Saddle Joints

 

These interactive animations include (1) Interactive 3D functionality, including the ability to rotate, pan, and zoom (2) Information on the joint (3) Ability to pause, play, loop, or control the speed of the animation through scrubbing (4) Definitions and pronunciations for components of the example in the model (5) Links to related 3D views of examples of each joint in the body that feature full interactive functionality.

 

INDEX: Browse a listing of skeletal topics to find a specific view or gallery item.

The Index section is a listing of all content in the app organized alphabetically by topic. Users can link to any of the 3D views, illustrations, or animations in the app via the Index.

 

STORE: Get information on other Visible Body products. The Store section provides links to information on Visible Body's other anatomy apps for the iPad, iPhone, and PC/Mac.

HELP: Get additional information on the functionality of the app. The Help section launches a menu that includes full help text on the functionality of the app and a video tutorial showing its major features. It also includes Visible Body contact information for technical support and customer service.

 

=== Listing of all anatomical structures included in this application ===

 

Bony Landmarks:

UPPER LIMB

                  Scaphoid, L

                     Scaphoid, body, L

                     Scaphoid, tubercle, L

                  Hamate, L

                     Hamate, body, L

                     Hamate, hook, L

                  Trapezium, L

                     Trapezium, tubercle, L

                     Trapezium, body, L

            Ulna (forearm, antebrachium), L

               Ulna, styloid process, L

               Ulna, head, L

               Ulna, shaft, L

               Ulna, tuberosity, L

               Ulna, radial notch, L

               Ulna, coronoid process, L

               Ulna, trochlear notch, L

               Ulna, olecranon, L

            Radius (forearm, antebrachium), L

               Radius, shaft, L

               Radius, styloid process, L

               Radius, head, L

               Radius, neck, L

               Radius, tubercle, L

               Radius, dorsal tubercle, L

               Radius, ulnar notch, L

            Humerus (arm, brachium), L

               Humerus, shaft, L

               Humerus, head, L

               Humerus, neck, L

               Humerus, greater tubercle, L

               Humerus, lesser tubercle, L

               Humerus, intertubercular groove, L

               Humerus, deltoid tuberosity, L

               Humerus, lateral epicondyle, L

               Humerus, capitulum, L

               Humerus, trochlea, L

               Humerus, coronoid fossa, L

               Humerus, medial epicondyle, L

               Humerus, olecranon fossa, L

               Humerus, surgical neck, L

                  Scaphoid, R

                     Scaphoid, body, R

                     Scaphoid, tubercle, R

                  Hamate, R

                     Hamate, body, R

                     Hamate, hook, R

                  Trapezium, R

                     Trapezium, tubercle, R

                     Trapezium, body, R

            Humerus (arm, brachium), R

               Humerus, head, R

               Humerus, neck, R

               Humerus, greater tubercle, R

               Humerus, lesser tubercle, R

               Humerus, intertubercular groove, R

               Humerus, deltoid tuberosity, R

               Humerus, lateral epicondyle, R

               Humerus, capitulum, R

               Humerus, trochlea, R

               Humerus, coronoid fossa, R

               Humerus, medial epicondyle, R

               Humerus, shaft, R

               Humerus, olecranon fossa, R

               Humerus, surgical neck, R

            Radius (forearm, antebrachium), R

               Radius, shaft, R

               Radius, styloid process, R

               Radius, head, R

               Radius, neck, R

               Radius, tubercle, R

               Radius, dorsal tubercle, R

               Radius, ulnar notch, R

            Ulna (forearm, antebrachium), R

               Ulna, styloid process, R

               Ulna, head, R

               Ulna, shaft, R

               Ulna, tuberosity, R

               Ulna, radial notch, R

               Ulna, coronoid process, R

               Ulna, trochlear notch, R

               Ulna, olecranon, R

LOWER LIMB

                  5th Metatarsal, L

                     5th Metatarsal (foot), tuberosity, L

                     5th Metatarsal (foot), base, L

                     5th Metatarsal (foot), shaft, L

                     5th Metatarsal (foot), head, L

                  Calcaneus, L

                     Calcaneus, medial process, L

                     Calcaneus, lateral process, L

                     Calcaneus, sustenaculum tali, L

                     Calcaneus, anterior tubercle, L

                     Calcaneus, tubercle, L

                     Calcaneus, body, L

                  Talus, L

                     Talus, sulcus, L

                     Talus, head, L

                     Talus, neck, L

                     Talus, medial tubercle, L

                     Talus, lateral tubercle, L

                     Talus, body, L

                  Navicular, L

                     Navicular, body, L

                     Navicular, tuberosity, L

            Tibia (leg), L

               Tibia, shaft, L

               Tibia, tibial tuberosity, L

               Tibia, lateral condyle, L

               Tibia, medial condyle, L

               Tibia, anterior intercondylar area, L

               Tibia, posterior intercondylar area, L

               Tibia, tubercles of intercondylar eminence, L

               Tibia, articular facet for fibula, L

               Tibia, soleal line, L

               Tibia, medial malleolus, L

               Tibia, fibular notch, L

               Tibia, anterior border, L

               Tibia, interosseous border, L

               Tibia, medial border, L

            Fibula (leg), L

               Fibula, malleolar fossa, L

               Fibula, lateral malleolus, L

               Fibula, anterior border, L

               Fibula, apex, L

               Fibula, articular facet, L

               Fibula, head, L

               Fibula, shaft, L

            Femur (thigh), L

               Femur, shaft, L

               Femur, head, L

               Femur, trochanteric fossa, L

               Femur, neck, L

               Femur, lesser trochanter, L

               Femur, quadrate tubercle, L

               Femur, greater trochanter (tubercle), L

               Femur, intertrochanteric crest, L

               Femur, linea aspera, L

               Femur, medial condyle, L

               Femur, lateral condyle, L

               Femur, medial epicondyle (adductor tubercle), L

               Femur, patellar surface, L

               Femur, medial supracondylar line, L

               Femur, lateral supracondylar line, L

               Femur, intercondylar fossa, L

               Femur, lateral epicondyle, L

               Femur, popliteal surface, L

            Patella (knee cap), L

               Patella, base, L

               Patella, lateral articular facet, L

               Patella, medial articular facet, L

               Patella, lateral border, L

               Patella, medial border, L

               Patella, apex, L

               Patella, body, L

               Patella, vertical ridge, L

                  5th Metatarsal, R

                     5th Metatarsal (foot), tuberosity, R

                     5th Metatarsal (foot), base, R

                     5th Metatarsal (foot), shaft, R

                     5th Metatarsal (foot), head, R

                  Calcaneus, R

                     Calcaneus, medial process, R

                     Calcaneus, lateral process, R

                     Calcaneus, sustenaculum tali, R

                     Calcaneus, anterior tubercle, R

                     Calcaneus, tubercle, R

                     Calcaneus, body, R

                  Talus, R

                     Talus, sulcus, R

                     Talus, head, R

                     Talus, neck, R

                     Talus, medial tubercle, R

                     Talus, lateral tubercle, R

                     Talus, body, R

                  Navicular, R

                     Navicular, body, R

                     Navicular, tuberosity, R

            Tibia (leg), R

               Tibia, shaft, R

               Tibia, tibial tuberosity, R

               Tibia, lateral condyle, R

               Tibia, medial condyle, R

               Tibia, anterior intercondylar area, R

               Tibia, posterior intercondylar area, R

               Tibia, tubercles of intercondylar eminence, R

               Tibia, articular facet for fibula, R

               Tibia, soleal line, R

               Tibia, medial malleolus, R

               Tibia, fibular notch, R

               Tibia, anterior border, R

               Tibia, interosseous border, R

               Tibia, medial border, R

            Fibula (leg), R

               Fibula, malleolar fossa, R

               Fibula, lateral malleolus, R

               Fibula, anterior border, R

               Fibula, apex, R

               Fibula, articular facet, R

               Fibula, head, R

               Fibula, shaft, R

            Femur (thigh), R

               Femur, shaft, R

               Femur, head, R

               Femur, trochanteric fossa, R

               Femur, neck, R

               Femur, lesser trochanter, R

               Femur, quadrate tubercle, R

               Femur, greater trochanter (tubercle), R

               Femur, intertrochanteric crest, R

               Femur, linea aspera, R

               Femur, medial condyle, R

               Femur, lateral condyle, R

               Femur, medial epicondyle (adductor tubercle), R

               Femur, patellar surface, R

               Femur, medial supracondylar line, R

               Femur, lateral supracondylar line, R

               Femur, intercondylar fossa, R

               Femur, lateral epicondyle, R

               Femur, popliteal surface, R

            Patella (knee cap), R

               Patella, lateral articular facet, R

               Patella, medial articular facet, R

               Patella, lateral border, R

               Patella, medial border, R

               Patella, base, R

               Patella, apex, R

               Patella, body, R

               Patella, vertical ridge, R

SHOULDER GIRDLE

            Clavicle, L

               Clavicle, shaft, L

               Clavicle, acromial end, L

               Clavicle, conoid tubercle, L

               Clavicle, sternal end, L

            Scapula, L

               Scapula, suprascapular notch, L

               Scapula, superior border, L

               Scapula, superior angle, L

               Scapula, spine, L

               Scapula, acromial angle, L

               Scapula, acromion, L

               Scapula, medial border, L

               Scapula, inferior angle, L

               Scapula, lateral border, L

               Scapula, neck, L

               Scapula, coracoid process, L

               Scapula, spinoglenoid notch, L

               Scapula, supraspinous fossa, L

               Scapula, infraspinous fossa, L

               Scapula, glenoid cavity, L

               Scapula, subscapular fossa, L

               Scapula, supraglenoid tubercle, L

            Clavicle, R

               Clavicle, shaft, R

               Clavicle, acromial end, R

               Clavicle, conoid tubercle, R

               Clavicle, sternal end, R

            Scapula, R

               Scapula, suprascapular notch, R

               Scapula, superior border, R

               Scapula, superior angle, R

               Scapula, spine, R

               Scapula, acromial angle, R

               Scapula, acromion

               Scapula, medial border, R

               Scapula, inferior angle, R

               Scapula, lateral border, R

               Scapula, neck, R

               Scapula, coracoid process, R

               Scapula, spinoglenoid notch, R

               Scapula, supraspinous fossa, R

               Scapula, infraspinous fossa, R

               Scapula, glenoid cavity, R

               Scapula, subscapular fossa, R

               Scapula, supraglenoid tubercle, R

PELVIC GIRDLE

            Ischium, L

               Ischium, acetabular fossa, L

               Ischium, body, L

               Ischium, acetabular rim, L

               Ischium, ischial tuberosity, L

               Ischium, ischial spine, L

               Ischium, ramus, L

               Ischium, lesser sciatic notch, L

               Ischium, lunate surface of acetabulum, L

            Pubis, L

               Pubis, pubic tubercle, L

               Pubis, iliopubic eminence, L

               Pubis, pubic crest, L

               Pubis, body, L

               Pubis, acetabular notch, L

               Pubis, obturator crest, L

               Pubis, inferior ramus, L

               Pubis, superior ramus, L

               Pubis, acetabular fossa, L

               Pubis, lunate surface of acetabulum, L

            Ilium, L

               Ilium, body, L

               Ilium, anterior superior iliac spine, L

               Ilium, anterior inferior iliac spine, L

               Ilium, iliac crest, L

               Ilium, tubercle of iliac crest, L

               Ilium, posterior superior iliac spine, L

               Ilium, posterior inferior iliac spine, L

               Ilium, greater sciatic notch, L

               Ilium, acetabular fossa, L

               Ilium, acetabular rim, L

               Ilium, arcuate line, L

               Ilium, iliac fossa, L

               Ilium, auricular surface, L

               Ilium, lunate surface of acetabulum, L

            Ischium, R

               Ischium, lunate surface of acetabulum, R

               Ischium, body, R

               Ischium, acetabular rim, R

               Ischium, ischial tuberosity, R

               Ischium, ischial spine, R

               Ischium, ramus, R

               Ischium, lesser sciatic notch, R

               Ischium, acetabular fossa, R

            Pubis, R

               Pubis, pubic tubercle, R

               Pubis, iliopubic eminence, R

               Pubis, pubic crest, R

               Pubis, body, R

               Pubis, acetabular notch, R

               Pubis, obturator crest, R

               Pubis, inferior ramus, R

               Pubis, superior ramus, R

               Pubis, lunate surface of acetabulum, R

               Pubis, acetabular fossa, R

            Ilium, R

               Ilium, body, R

               Ilium, anterior superior iliac spine, R

               Ilium, anterior inferior iliac spine, R

               Ilium, iliac crest, R

               Ilium, tubercle of iliac crest, R

               Ilium, posterior superior iliac spine, R

               Ilium, posterior inferior iliac spine, R

               Ilium, greater sciatic notch, R

               Ilium, lunate surface of acetabulum, R

               Ilium, acetabular rim, R

               Ilium, arcuate line, R

               Ilium, iliac fossa, R

               Ilium, auricular surface, R

               Ilium, acetabular fossa, R

SKULL

               Maxilla, L

                  Maxilla, body, L

                  Maxillary sinus, L

                  Maxilla, alveolar process, L

                  Maxilla, incisive fossa, L

                  Maxilla, anterior nasal spine, L

                  Infraorbital canal and foramen, L

                  Maxilla, alveolar canals, L

                  Maxilla, canine fossa, L

                  Maxilla, maxillary tuberosity, L

                  Maxilla, zygomatic process, L

                  Maxilla, canine eminence, L

                  Maxilla, frontal process, L

                  Maxilla, hard palate, L

               Zygomatic, L

                  Zygomatic, body, L

                  Zygomatic, orbital border, L

                  Zygomatic, frontal process, L

                  Zygomatic, temporal process, L

                  Zygomatic, zygomaticofacial foramen, L

                  Zygomatic, maxillary border, L

                  Zygomatic, temporal border, L

                  Zygomatic, zygomatic orbital foramen, L

                  Zygomatic, zygomaticotemporal foramen, L

               Nasal concha (turbinate), inferior (lower), L

                  Nasal concha (turbinate), inferior (lower), L

                  Nasal concha (turbinate), inferior (lower), maxillary process, L

                  Nasal concha (turbinate), inferior (lower), ethmoidal process, L

                  Nasal concha (turbinate), inferior (lower), lacrimal process, L

               Maxilla, R

                  Maxillary sinus, R

                  Maxilla, alveolar process, R

                  Maxilla, incisive fossa, R

                  Maxilla, anterior nasal spine, R

                  Maxilla, body, R

                  Infraorbital canal and foramen, R

                  Maxilla, alveolar canals, R

                  Maxilla, canine fossa, R

                  Maxilla, maxillary tuberosity, R

                  Maxilla, zygomatic process, R

                  Maxilla, canine eminence, R

                  Maxilla, frontal process, R

                  Maxilla, hard palate, R

               Zygomatic, R

                  Zygomatic, body, R

                  Zygomatic, orbital border, R

                  Zygomatic, frontal process, R

                  Zygomatic, temporal process, R

                  Zygomatic, zygomaticofacial foramen, R

                  Zygomatic, maxillary border, R

                  Zygomatic, temporal border, R

                  Zygomatic, zygomatic orbital foramen, R

                  Zygomatic, zygomaticotemporal foramen, R

               Nasal concha (turbinate), inferior (lower), R

                  Nasal concha (turbinate), inferior (lower), maxillary process, R

                  Nasal concha (turbinate), inferior (lower), ethmoidal process, R

                  Nasal concha (turbinate), inferior (lower), lacrimal process, R

                  Nasal concha (turbinate), inferior (lower), R

            Mandible

               Mandible, body

               Mandible, coronoid process, R

               Mandible, mandibular notch, R

               Mandible, condyle, R

               Mandible, oblique line, R

               Mandible, anterior border of ramus, R

               Mandible, posterior border of ramus, R

               Mandible, angle, R

               Mandible, inferior border of ramus, R

               Mandible, mandibular foramen, R

               Mandible, lingula, R

               Mandible, mandibular groove, R

               Mandible, ramus, R

               Mandible, mental foramen, R

               Mandible, mental tubercle, R

               Mandible, mental protuberance

               Mandible, dental alveoli

               Mandible, alveolar portion

               Mandible, sublingual fossa

               Mandible, genial tubercle

               Mandible, submandibular fossa, L

               Mandible, submandibular fossa, R

               Mandible, mental tubercle, L

               Mandible, mental foramen, L

               Mandible, inferior border of ramus, L

               Mandible, ramus, L

               Mandible, angle, L

               Mandible, oblique line, L

               Mandible, anterior border of ramus, L

               Mandible, posterior border of ramus, L

               Mandible, condyle, L

               Mandible, mandibular notch, L

               Mandible, coronoid process, L

               Mandible, mandibular foramen, L

               Mandible, lingula, L

               Mandible, mandibular groove, L

            Vomer

               Vomer, alae

               Vomer, body

            Palatine, R

               Palatine, orbital process, R

               Palatine, sphenoid process, R

               Palatine, horizontal part, R

               Palatine, conchal crest, R

               Palatine, pyramidal process, R

               Palatine, maxillary process, R

               Palatine, perpendicular plate, R

               Palatine, posterior nasal spine, R

            Palatine, L

               Palatine, orbital process, L

               Palatine, sphenoid process, L

               Palatine, horizontal part, L

               Palatine, conchal crest, L

               Palatine, pyramidal process, L

               Palatine, maxillary process, L

               Palatine, perpendicular plate, L

               Palatine, posterior nasal spine, L

                  Temporal, L

                     Temporal, petrous part, L

                     Temporal, external auditory (acoustic) meatus, L

                     Temporal, internal auditory (acoustic) meatus, L

                     Temporal, zygomatic process, L

                     Temporal, mandibular fossa, L

                     Temporal, articular tubercle, L

                     Temporal, postglenoid tubercle, L

                     Temporal, mastoid process, L

                     Temporal, styloid process, L

                     Temporal, arcuate eminence, L

                     Temporal, jugular fossa, L

                     Temporal, aqueduct of vestibule, L

                     Temporal, base, L

                     Temporal, foramen lacerum, temporal surface, L

                     Temporal, carotid canal, L

                     Temporal, stylomastoid foramen, L

                     Temporal, jugular foramen, temporal surface, L

                     Temporal, mastoid foramen, L

                  Temporal, R

                     Temporal, external auditory (acoustic) meatus, R

                     Temporal, internal auditory (acoustic) meatus, R

                     Temporal, zygomatic process, R

                     Temporal, mandibular fossa, R

                     Temporal, articular tubercle, R

                     Temporal, postglenoid tubercle, R

                     Temporal, mastoid process, R

                     Temporal, styloid process, R

                     Temporal, arcuate eminence, R

                     Temporal, jugular fossa, R

                     Temporal, petrous part, R

                     Temporal, aqueduct of vestibule, R

                     Temporal, base, R

                     Temporal, stylomastoid foramen, R

                     Temporal, foramen lacerum, temporal surface, R

                     Temporal, carotid canal, R

                     Temporal, jugular foramen, temporal surface, R

                     Temporal, mastoid foramen, R

               Frontal

                  Frontal sinus, L

                  Frontal sinus, R

                  Frontal, frontal eminences

                  Frontal, superciliary arches

                  Frontal, glabella

                  Frontal, zygomatic processes

                  Frontal, supra-orbital margins

                  Frontal, supra-orbital notches

                  Frontal, frontal crest

                  Frontal, base

               Occipital

                  Occipital, body

                  Occipital, internal occipital crest

                  Occipital, superior angle

                  Occipital, lateral angle

                  Occipital, condyles

                  Occipital, external occipital protuberance

                  Occipital, basilar part

                  Occipital, external occipital crest

                  Occipital, inferior nuchal line

                  Occipital, superior nuchal line

                  Occipital, jugular tubercles

                  Occipital, internal occipital protuberance

                  Occipital, groove for transverse sinus

                  Occipital, groove for superior sagittal sinus

                  Occipital, jugular processes

                  Occipital, foramen lacerum, occipital surfaces

                  Occipital, jugular foramen, occipital surface

                  Occipital, foramen magnum

                  Occipital, hypoglossal canals

                  Occipital, condyloid foramen

            Ethmoid

               Ethmoid, crista galli

               Ethmoid, perpendicular plate

               Ethmoid, sinuses

               Ethmoid, cribriform plate

               Ethmoid, orbital plates

               Ethmoid, middle conchae

               Ethmoid, labyrinth

            Sphenoid

               Sphenoid, body

               Sphenoid, dorsum sellae

               Sphenoid, anterior clinoid processes

               Sphenoid, posterior clinoid process

               Sphenoid, lesser wings

               Sphenoid, greater wings

               Sphenoid, lateral pterygoid plates

               Sphenoid, medial pterygoid plates

               Sphenoid, infratemporal crests of greater wing

               Sphenoid, pterygoid processes

               Sphenoid, optic foramen

               Sphenoid, foramen rotundum

               Sphenoid, superior orbital fissures

               Sphenoid, pterygoid canals

               Sphenoid, foramen lacerum, sphenoidal surface

               Sphenoid, foramen ovale

               Sphenoid, foramen spinosum

         Hyoid (os hyoideum, lingual bone)

            Hyoid (os hyoideum, lingual bone), tubercles of greater horns

            Hyoid (os hyoideum, lingual bone), lesser horns

            Hyoid (os hyoideum, lingual bone), body

            Hyoid (os hyoideum, lingual bone), greater horns

THORACIC CAGE

            Manubrium

               Manubrium, clavicular notches

               Manubrium, first costal notches

               Manubrium, body

               Manubrium, jugular (suprasternal, presternal) notch

               Manubrium, second costal notches

            Body of sternum

               Body of sternum, second costal notches

               Body of sternum, third costal notches

               Body of sternum, fourth costal notches

               Body of sternum, fifth costal notches

               Body of sternum, sixth costal notches

               Body of sternum, seventh costal notches

               Body of sternum, body

                  Twelfth rib (12), R

                     Twelfth rib (12), head, R

                     Twelfth rib (12), neck, R

                     Twelfth rib (12), shaft, R

                  Eleventh rib (11), R

                     Eleventh rib (11), neck, R

                     Eleventh rib (11), head, R

                     Eleventh rib (11), shaft, R

                  Eighth rib (08), R

                     Eighth rib (08), shaft, R

                     Eighth rib (08), tubercle, R

                     Eighth rib (08), neck, R

                     Eighth rib (08), head, R

                     Eighth rib (08), costal cartilage, R

                     Eighth rib (08), costal groove, R

                  Ninth rib (09), R

                     Ninth rib (09), shaft, R

                     Ninth rib (09), tubercle, R

                     Ninth rib (09), neck, R

                     Ninth rib (09), head, R

                     Ninth rib (09), costal cartilage, R

                     Ninth rib (09), costal groove, R

                  Tenth rib (10), R

                     Tenth rib (10), head, R

                     Tenth rib (10), neck, R

                     Tenth rib (10), shaft, R

                     Tenth rib (10), tubercle, R

                     Tenth rib (10), costal cartilage, R

                     Tenth rib (10), costal groove, R

               First rib (01), R

                  First rib (01), costal cartilage, R

                  First rib (01), shaft, R

                  First rib (01), tubercle, R

                  First rib (01), neck, R

                  First rib (01), head, R

               Second rib (02), R

                  Second rib (02), costal cartilage, R

                  Second rib (02), shaft, R

                  Second rib (02), head, R

                  Second rib (02), neck, R

                  Second rib (02), tubercle, R

                  Second rib (02), costal groove, R

               Third rib (03), R

                  Third rib (03), costal cartilage, R

                  Third rib (03), head, R

                  Third rib (03), shaft, R

                  Third rib (03), tubercle, R

                  Third rib (03), neck, R

                  Third rib (03), costal groove, R

               Fourth rib (04), R

                  Fourth rib (04), shaft, R

                  Fourth rib (04), tubercle, R

                  Fourth rib (04), neck, R

                  Fourth rib (04), head, R

                  Fourth rib (04), costal cartilage, R

                  Fourth rib (04), costal groove, R

               Fifth rib (05), R

                  Fifth rib (05), head, R

                  Fifth rib (05), shaft, R

                  Fifth rib (05), tubercle, R

                  Fifth rib (05), neck, R

                  Fifth rib (05), costal cartilage, R

                  Fifth rib (05), costal groove, R

               Sixth rib (06), R

                  Sixth rib (06), shaft, R

                  Sixth rib (06), tubercle, R

                  Sixth rib (06), head, R

                  Sixth rib (06), neck, R

                  Sixth rib (06), costal cartilage, R

                  Sixth rib (06), costal groove, R

               Seventh rib (07), R

                  Seventh rib (07), shaft, R

                  Seventh rib (07), tubercle, R

                  Seventh rib (07), neck, R

                  Seventh rib (07), head, R

                  Seventh rib (07), costal cartilage, R

                  Seventh rib (07), costal groove, R

                  Twelfth rib (12), L

                     Twelfth rib (12), head, L

                     Twelfth rib (12), neck, L

                     Twelfth rib (12), shaft, L

                  Eleventh rib (11), L

                     Eleventh rib (11), neck, L

                     Eleventh rib (11), head, L

                     Eleventh rib (11), shaft, L

                  Eighth rib (08), L

                     Eighth rib (08), shaft, L

                     Eighth rib (08), tubercle, L

                     Eighth rib (08), neck, L

                     Eighth rib (08), head, L

                     Eighth rib (08), costal cartilage, L

                     Eighth rib (08), costal groove, L

                  Ninth rib (09), L

                     Ninth rib (09), shaft, L

                     Ninth rib (09), tubercle, L

                     Ninth rib (09), neck, L

                     Ninth rib (09), head, L

                     Ninth rib (09), costal cartilage, L

                     Ninth rib (09), costal groove, L

                  Tenth rib (10), L

                     Tenth rib (10), head, L

                     Tenth rib (10), neck, L

                     Tenth rib (10), shaft, L

                     Tenth rib (10), tubercle, L

                     Tenth rib (10), costal cartilage, L

                     Tenth rib (10), costal groove, L

               First rib (01), L

                  First rib (01), costal cartilage, L

                  First rib (01), shaft, L

                  First rib (01), tubercle, L

                  First rib (01), neck, L

                  First rib (01), head, L

               Second rib (02), L

                  Second rib (02), costal cartilage, L

                  Second rib (02), shaft, L

                  Second rib (02), head, L

                  Second rib (02), neck, L

                  Second rib (02), tubercle, L

                  Second rib (02), costal groove, L

               Third rib (03), L

                  Third rib (03), costal cartilage, L

                  Third rib (03), head, L

                  Third rib (03), shaft, L

                  Third rib (03), tubercle, L

                  Third rib (03), neck, L

                  Third rib (03), costal groove, L

               Fourth rib (04), L

                  Fourth rib (04), shaft, L

                  Fourth rib (04), tubercle, L

                  Fourth rib (04), neck, L

                  Fourth rib (04), head, L

                  Fourth rib (04), costal cartilage, L

                  Fourth rib (04), costal groove, L

               Fifth rib (05), L

                  Fifth rib (05), head, L

                  Fifth rib (05), shaft, L

                  Fifth rib (05), tubercle, L

                  Fifth rib (05), neck, L

                  Fifth rib (05), costal cartilage, L

                  Fifth rib (05), costal groove, L

               Sixth rib (06), L

                  Sixth rib (06), shaft, L

                  Sixth rib (06), tubercle, L

                  Sixth rib (06), head, L

                  Sixth rib (06), neck, L

                  Sixth rib (06), costal cartilage, L

                  Sixth rib (06), costal groove, L

               Seventh rib (07), L

                  Seventh rib (07), shaft, L

                  Seventh rib (07), tubercle, L

                  Seventh rib (07), neck, L

                  Seventh rib (07), head, L

                  Seventh rib (07), costal cartilage, L

                  Seventh rib (07), costal groove, L

LARYNGEAL

            Arytenoid cartilage, R

               Arytenoid cartilage, body, R

               Arytenoid cartilage, vocal process, R

               Arytenoid cartilage, apex, R

               Arytenoid cartilage, muscular process, R

            Arytenoid cartilage, L

               Arytenoid cartilage, apex, L

               Arytenoid cartilage, muscular process, L

               Arytenoid cartilage, vocal process, L

               Arytenoid cartilage, body, L

         Thyroid cartilage

            Thyroid cartilage, superior cornua

            Thyroid cartilage, inferior cornua

            Thyroid cartilage, thyroid notch

            Thyroid cartilage, body

            Thyroid cartilage, laryngeal prominence

VERTEBRAL COLUMN

            L01 Vertebra

               L01 Vertebra, spinous process

               L01 Vertebra, transverse processes

               L01 Vertebra, pedicles

               L01 Vertebra, superior articular processes

               L01 Vertebra, mamillary processes

               L01 Vertebra, inferior articular processes

               L01 Vertebra, laminae

               L01 Vertebra, body

            L02 Vertebra

               L02 Vertebra, spinous process

               L02 Vertebra, pedicles

               L02 Vertebra, body

               L02 Vertebra, transverse processes

               L02 Vertebra, inferior articular processes

               L02 Vertebra, superior articular processes

               L02 Vertebra, mamillary processes

               L02 Vertebra, laminae

            L03 Vertebra

               L03 Vertebra, spinous process

               L03 Vertebra, pedicles

               L03 Vertebra, transverse processes

               L03 Vertebra, body

               L03 Vertebra, superior articular processes

               L03 Vertebra, mamillary processes

               L03 Vertebra, inferior articular processes

               L03 Vertebra, laminae

            L04 Vertebra

               L04 Vertebra, transverse processes

               L04 Vertebra, spinous process

               L04 Vertebra, pedicles

               L04 Vertebra, superior articular processes

               L04 Vertebra, mamillary processes

               L04 Vertebra, inferior articular processes

               L04 Vertebra, laminae

               L04 Vertebra, body

            L05 Vertebra

               L05 Vertebra, body

               L05 Vertebra, transverse processes

               L05 Vertebra, spinous process

               L05 Vertebra, superior articular processes

               L05 Vertebra, mamillary processes

               L05 Vertebra, inferior articular processes

               L05 Vertebra, pedicles

               L05 Vertebra, laminae

            C01 Atlas

               C01 Atlas, posterior arches

               C01 Atlas, groove for vertebral artery

               C01 Atlas, transverse processes and foramina

               C01 Atlas, lateral masses and superior articular facets

               C01 Atlas, inferior articular processes

               C01 Atlas, facet for dens

               C01 Atlas, anterior arch and tubercle

               C01 Atlas, posterior tubercle

            C02 Axis

               C02 Axis, dens

               C02 Axis, bifid spinous process

               C02 Axis, laminae

               C02 Axis, superior articular processes

               C02 Axis, inferior articular processes

               C02 Axis, body

               C02 Axis, transverse processes and foramina

               C02 Axis, pedicles

            C03 Vertebra

               C03 Vertebra, bifid spinous process

               C03 Vertebra, laminae

               C03 Vertebra, pedicles

               C03 Vertebra, superior articular processes

               C03 Vertebra, inferior articular processes

               C03 Vertebra, posterior tubercles of transverse processes

               C03 Vertebra, body

               C03 Vertebra, anterior tubercles of transverse processes

               C03 Vertebra, transverse processes

            C05 Vertebra

               C05 Vertebra, inferior articular processes

               C05 Vertebra, bifid spinous process

               C05 Vertebra, laminae

               C05 Vertebra, posterior tubercles of transverse processes

               C05 Vertebra, pedicles

               C05 Vertebra, transverse processes

               C05 Vertebra, anterior tubercles of transverse processes

               C05 Vertebra, body

               C05 Vertebra, superior articular processes

            C04 Vertebra

               C04 Vertebra, bifid spinous process

               C04 Vertebra, laminae

               C04 Vertebra, posterior tubercles of transverse processes

               C04 Vertebra, anterior tubercles of transverse processes

               C04 Vertebra, pedicles

               C04 Vertebra, superior articular processes

               C04 Vertebra, inferior articular processes

               C04 Vertebra, transverse processes

               C04 Vertebra, body

            C06 Vertebra

               C06 Vertebra, inferior articular processes

               C06 Vertebra, bifid spinous process

               C06 Vertebra, laminae

               C06 Vertebra, posterior tubercles of transverse processes

               C06 Vertebra, pedicles

               C06 Vertebra, anterior tubercles of transverse processes

               C06 Vertebra, transverse processes

               C06 Vertebra, body

               C06 Vertebra, superior articular processes

            C07 Vertebra

               C07 Vertebra, transverse processes

               C07 Vertebra, spinous process

               C07 Vertebra, laminae

               C07 Vertebra, pedicles

               C07 Vertebra, anterior tubercles of transverse processes

               C07 Vertebra, body

               C07 Vertebra, posterolateral lip

               C07 Vertebra, posterior tubercles of transverse processes

               C07 Vertebra, superior articular processes

            Coccyx

               Coccyx, transverse processes

               Coccyx, first coccygeal vertebra

               Coccyx, second coccygeal vertebra

               Coccyx, third coccygeal vertebra

               Coccyx, fourth coccygeal vertebra

               Coccyx, cornua

            S01-05 Sacrum

               S01-05 Sacrum, body

               S01-05 Sacrum, superior articular processes

               S01-05 Sacrum, median crest

               S01-05 Sacrum, sacral hiatus

               S01-05 Sacrum, sacral canal

               S01-05 Sacrum, second pelvic sacral (anterior) foramina

               S01-05 Sacrum, third pelvic sacral (anterior) foramina

               S01-05 Sacrum, fourth pelvic sacral (anterior) foramina

               S01-05 Sacrum, first pelvic sacral (anterior) foramina

               S01-05 Sacrum, promontory

               S01-05 Sacrum, sacral alae

               S01-05 Sacrum, first dorsal (posterior) sacral foramina

               S01-05 Sacrum, second dorsal (posterior) sacral foramina

               S01-05 Sacrum, third dorsal (posterior) sacral foramina

               S01-05 Sacrum, fourth dorsal (posterior) sacral foramina

               S01-05 Sacrum, auricular surface

               S01-05 Sacrum, cornua

               S01-05 Sacrum, spinous tubercles

               S01-05 Sacrum, inferior lateral angles

               S01-05 Sacrum, apex

            T01 Vertebra

               T01 Vertebra, body

               T01 Vertebra, spinous process

               T01 Vertebra, transverse processes

               T01 Vertebra, inferior articular processes

               T01 Vertebra, superior articular processes

               T01 Vertebra, superior costal facets

               T01 Vertebra, laminae

               T01 Vertebra, pedicles

               T01 Vertebra, inferior costal facets

            T02 Vertebra

               T02 Vertebra, laminae

               T02 Vertebra, spinous process

               T02 Vertebra, inferior articular processes

               T02 Vertebra, transverse processes

               T02 Vertebra, inferior costal facets

               T02 Vertebra, body

               T02 Vertebra, superior costal facets

               T02 Vertebra, pedicles

               T02 Vertebra, superior articular processes

            T03 Vertebra

               T03 Vertebra, laminae

               T03 Vertebra, superior articular processes

               T03 Vertebra, spinous process

               T03 Vertebra, inferior articular processes

               T03 Vertebra, transverse processes

               T03 Vertebra, pedicles

               T03 Vertebra, body

               T03 Vertebra, superior costal facets

               T03 Vertebra, inferior costal facets

            T04 Vertebra

               T04 Vertebra, laminae

               T04 Vertebra, body

               T04 Vertebra, transverse processes

               T04 Vertebra, superior costal facets

               T04 Vertebra, inferior costal facets

               T04 Vertebra, spinous process

               T04 Vertebra, superior articular processes

               T04 Vertebra, inferior articular processes

               T04 Vertebra, pedicles

            T05 Vertebra

               T05 Vertebra, pedicles

               T05 Vertebra, laminae

               T05 Vertebra, inferior articular processes

               T05 Vertebra, superior articular processes

               T05 Vertebra, transverse processes

               T05 Vertebra, body

               T05 Vertebra, superior costal facets

               T05 Vertebra, inferior costal facets

               T05 Vertebra, spinous process

            T06 Vertebra

               T06 Vertebra, body

               T06 Vertebra, superior costal facets

               T06 Vertebra, inferior costal facets

               T06 Vertebra, pedicles

               T06 Vertebra, superior articular processes

               T06 Vertebra, laminae

               T06 Vertebra, transverse processes

               T06 Vertebra, inferior articular processes

               T06 Vertebra, spinous process

            T07 Vertebra

               T07 Vertebra, inferior articular processes

               T07 Vertebra, spinous process

               T07 Vertebra, laminae

               T07 Vertebra, transverse processes

               T07 Vertebra, superior articular processes

               T07 Vertebra, pedicles

               T07 Vertebra, body

               T07 Vertebra, inferior costal facets

               T07 Vertebra, superior costal facets

            T08 Vertebra

               T08 Vertebra, laminae

               T08 Vertebra, body

               T08 Vertebra, superior costal facets

               T08 Vertebra, inferior costal facets

               T08 Vertebra, spinous process

               T08 Vertebra, transverse processes

               T08 Vertebra, superior articular processes

               T08 Vertebra, inferior articular processes

               T08 Vertebra, pedicles

            T09 Vertebra

               T09 Vertebra, superior costal facets

               T09 Vertebra, body

               T09 Vertebra, inferior costal facets

               T09 Vertebra, transverse processes

               T09 Vertebra, laminae

               T09 Vertebra, inferior articular processes

               T09 Vertebra, spinous process

               T09 Vertebra, superior articular processes

               T09 Vertebra, pedicles

            T10 Vertebra

               T10 Vertebra, spinous process

               T10 Vertebra, laminae

               T10 Vertebra, inferior articular processes

               T10 Vertebra, superior articular processes

               T10 Vertebra, transverse processes

               T10 Vertebra, body

               T10 Vertebra, costal facets

               T10 Vertebra, pedicles

            T11 Vertebra

               T11 Vertebra, laminae

               T11 Vertebra, body

               T11 Vertebra, spinous process

               T11 Vertebra, transverse processes

               T11 Vertebra, inferior articular process

               T11 Vertebra, superior articular processes

               T11 Vertebra, pedicles

               T11 Vertebra, costal facets

            T12 Vertebra

               T12 Vertebra, laminae

               T12 Vertebra, superior tubercle

               T12 Vertebra, superior articular processes

               T12 Vertebra, lateral tubercle

               T12 Vertebra, inferior tubercle

               T12 Vertebra, inferior articular processes

               T12 Vertebra, spinous process

               T12 Vertebra, pedicles

               T12 Vertebra, body

               T12 Vertebra, costal facets

 

Cross-Section/Bone Tissue Structures:

 

Femur (thigh), R

   Femur (thigh), posterior part, R

      Femur (thigh), cancellous (spongy) bone, posterior part,  R

      Femur (thigh), cortical (compact) bone, posterior part, R

      Femur (thigh), bone marrow, distal part, R

      Femur (thigh), bone marrow, proximal part, R

      Femur (thigh), medullary cavity, posterior part, R

      Femur (thigh), articular cartilage, posterior part of femoral head, R

      Femur (thigh), articular cartilage, posterior distal part, R

   Femur (thigh), anterior distal part, R

      Femur (thigh), cancellous (spongy) bone, anterior distal part, R

      Femur (thigh), cortical (compact) bone, anterior distal part, R

      Femur (thigh), medullary cavity, anterior distal part, R

      Femur (thigh), articular cartilage, anterior distal part, R

   Femur (thigh), anterior proximal part, R

      Femur (thigh), cancellous (spongy) bone, anterior proximal part, R

      Femur (thigh), cortical (compact) bone, anterior proximal part, R

      Femur (thigh), medullary cavity, anterior proximal part, R

      Femur (thigh), articular cartilage, anterior part of femoral head, R

Bone

   Bone, matrix

   Bone, capilllaries

   Bone, osteon

   Bone, cancellous (spongy) bone

      Bone, spongy lining

      Bone, cancellous (spongy) bone

   Bone, cortical (compact) bone

      Bone, compact lining

      Bone, cortical (compact) bone

Healthy bone

   Healthy bone, matrix

   Healthy bone, cortical (compact) bone

      Healthy bone, compact lining

      Healthy bone, cortical (compact) bone

   Healthy bone, cancellous (spongy) bone

      Healthy bone, cancellous (spongy) bone

      Healthy bone, spongy lining

Osteoporotic bone

   Osteoporotic bone, cortical (compact) bone

      Osteoporotic bone, cortical (compact) bone

      Osteoporotic bone, compact lining

   Osteoporotic bone, cancellous (spongy) bone

      Osteoporotic bone, spongy lining

      Osteoporotic bone, cancellous (spongy) bone

   Osteoporotic bone, matrix

 

Ligaments:

UPPER LIMB

               Ligaments of the wrist and hand, L

                  Ulnocarpal joint (articular disc), L

                  Extensor retinaculum, L

                  Dorsal radioulnar ligament, L

                  Flexor retinaculum (wrist), L

                  Interphalangeal joints (ligaments), L

                     Interphalangeal (proximal) articular capsules of the hand (PIP joints), L

                     Interphalangeal (distal) articular capsules of the hand (DIP joints), L

                     Interphalangeal articular capsule of pollex, L

                  Metacarpal ligaments, L

                     Deep transverse metacarpal ligaments, L

                     Superficial transverse metacarpal ligaments, L

                     Dorsal metacarpal ligaments, L

                     Palmar metacarpal ligaments, L

                  Radiocarpal and ulnocarpal ligaments, L

                     Palmar (volar) radioulnar ligament, L

                     Palmar radiocarpal ligament, radioscapholunate, L

                     Palmar radiocarpal ligament, radiotriquetral, L

                     Palmar radiocarpal ligament, radiocapitate, L

                     Palmar ulnocarpal ligament (ulnolunate and ulnotriquetral), L

                     Ulnar collateral ligament, pisiform portion (internal lateral ligament, ulnar carpal collateral
                     ligament), L

                     Dorsal radiocarpal ligament, L

                     Radial collateral ligament, L

                     Palmar radiocarpal ligament, radiotriquetral, R

                  Intercarpal ligaments, L

                     Dorsal intercarpal ligaments, L

                     Distal intercarpal ligaments, L

                     Palmar intercarpal ligament (scaphotrapezium), L

                     Scaphocapitate ligament, L

                     Radiate carpal ligament, scaphotrapezial, L

                     Radiate carpal ligament, lunotriquetral, L

                     Radiate carpal ligament, capitotrapezial, L

                     Radiate carpal ligament, capitohamate, L

                     Pisohamate ligament, L

                     Radiate carpal ligament, L

                  Metacarpophalangeal ligaments, L

                     Metacarpophalangeal articular capsule of pollex, L

                     Metacarpophalangeal articular capsules, L

                  Carpometacarpal ligaments, L

                     Palmar (volar) carpometacarpal ligament, L

                     Dorsal carpometacarpal ligaments, L

                     Carpometacarpal articular capsule of pollex, L

            Interosseous membrane (antebrachial), L

            Ligaments of the elbow, L

               Annular ligament of radius, L

               Ulnar collateral ligament, transverse, L

               Ulnar collateral ligament, anterior, L

               Articular capsule (elbow), L

               Radial collateral ligament, L

               Ulnar collateral ligament, L

               Oblique cord (elbow), L

               Ligaments of the wrist and hand, R

                  Flexor retinaculum (wrist), R

                  Extensor retinaculum, R

                  Carpometacarpal ligaments, R

                     Palmar (volar) carpometacarpal ligament, R

                     Dorsal carpometacarpal ligaments, R

                     Carpometacarpal articular capsule of pollex, R

                  Interphalangeal joints (ligaments), R

                     Interphalangeal (proximal) articular capsules of the hand (PIP joints), R

                     Interphalangeal (distal) articular capsules of the hand (DIP joints), R

                     Interphalangeal articular capsule of pollex, R

                  Metacarpal ligaments, R

                     Palmar metacarpal ligaments, R

                     Dorsal metacarpal ligaments, R

                     Superficial transverse metacarpal ligaments, R

                     Deep transverse metacarpal ligaments, R

                  Radiocarpal and ulnocarpal ligaments, R

                     Palmar ulnocarpal ligament (ulnolunate and ulnotriquetral), R

                     Palmar radiocarpal ligament, radiocapitate part, R

                     Palmar radiocarpal ligament, radiotriquetral part, R

                     Dorsal radiocarpal ligament, R

                     Palmar (volar) radioulnar ligament, R

                     Palmar radiocarpal ligament, radioscapholunate part, R

                     Radial collateral ligament, R

                     Ulnar collateral ligament, pisiform portion (internal lateral ligament, ulnar carpal collateral
                     ligament), R

                  Intercarpal ligaments, R

                     Distal intercarpal ligaments, R

                     Dorsal intercarpal ligaments, R

                     Palmar intercarpal ligament (scaphotrapezium), R

                     Pisohamate ligament, R

                     Radiate carpal ligament, capitohamate, R

                     Radiate carpal ligament, capitotrapezial, R

                     Radiate carpal ligament, lunotriquetral, R

                     Radiate carpal ligament, R

                     Radiate carpal ligament, scaphotrapezial, R

                     Scaphocapitate ligament, R

                  Metacarpophalangeal ligaments, R

                     Metacarpophalangeal articular capsules, R

                     Metacarpophalangeal articular capsule of pollex, R

                  Dorsal radioulnar ligament, R

                  Ulnocarpal joint (articular disc), R

            Interosseous membrane (antebrachial), R

            Ligaments of the elbow, R

               Ulnar collateral ligament, R

               Ulnar collateral ligament, transverse, R

               Radial collateral ligament, R

               Annular ligament of radius, R

               Ulnar collateral ligament, anterior, R

               Articular capsule (elbow), R

               Oblique cord (elbow), R

LOWER LIMB

               Ligaments of the ankle and foot, L

                  Dorsal tarsometatarsal ligaments, L

                  Talocrural ligaments (ankle joint), medial, L

                     Medial (deltoid) ligament (anterior tibiotalar part), L

                     Medial (deltoid) ligament (posterior tibiotalar part), L

                     Medial (deltoid) ligament (tibiocalcaneal part), L

                     Medial (deltoid) ligament (tibionavicular part), L

                  Talocrural ligaments (ankle joint), lateral, L

                     Lateral (collateral) ligament (anterior talofibular part), L

                     Lateral (collateral) ligament (calcaneofibular part), L

                     Lateral (collateral) ligament (posterior talofibular part), L

                  Subtalar/talocalcaneal ligaments (joint), L

                     Lateral talocalcaneal ligament, L

                     Medial talocalcaneal ligament, L

                     Posterior talocalcaneal ligament, L

                     Interosseous (anterior) talocalcaneal ligament, L

                  Transverse tarsal ligaments (joint), L

                     Plantar calcaneonavicular (spring) ligament, L

                     Dorsal calcaneocuboid ligaments, L

                     Bifurcate (calcaneocuboid and calcaneonavicular) ligament, L

                     Talonavicular ligament, L

                     Plantar calcaneocuboid (short plantar) ligament, L

                     Long plantar ligament, L

                  Distal intertarsal ligaments, L

                     Dorsal cuboideonavicular ligament, L

                     Dorsal cuneonavicular ligament, L

                     Plantar cuboideonavicular ligament, L

                     Dorsal cuneocuboid ligament, L

                     Dorsal intercuneiform ligaments, L

                  Retinacula of the foot, L

                     Superior extensor retinaculum, L

                     Superior peroneal retinaculum, L

                     Inferior extensor retinaculum, L

                     Inferior peroneal retinaculum, L

                  Metatarsophalangeal ligaments, L

                     Metatarsophalangeal articular capsules, L

                     Metatarsophalangeal articular capsule of hallux, L

                  Interphalangeal ligaments, L

                     Interphalangeal ligament of hallux, L

                     Interphalangeal (proximal) ligaments of the foot (PIP joints), L

                     Interphalangeal (distal) ligaments of the foot (DIP joints), L

                  Metatarsal ligaments, L

                     Deep transverse metatarsal ligament, L

                     Dorsal metatarsal ligaments, L

                     Plantar metatarsal ligaments, L

            Ligaments of the hip, L

               Ischiofemoral ligament, L

               Iliofemoral ligament, L

               Pubofemoral ligament, L

            Ligaments of the knee, L

               Lateral meniscus, L

               Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), L

               Patellar ligament, L

               Lateral collateral (fibular collateral) ligament (LCL), L

               Medial meniscus, L

               Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), L

               Medial collateral (tibial collateral) ligament (MCL), L

            Tibiofibular ligaments, L

               Tibiofibular ligament, anterior, L

               Interosseous membrane of the leg (middle tibiofibular ligament), L

               Ligaments of the ankle and foot, R

                  Dorsal tarsometatarsal ligaments, R

                  Talocrural ligaments (ankle joint), medial, R

                     Medial (deltoid) ligament (anterior tibiotalar part), R

                     Medial (deltoid) ligament (posterior tibiotalar part), R

                     Medial (deltoid) ligament (tibiocalcaneal part), R

                     Medial (deltoid) ligament (tibionavicular part), R

                  Talocrural ligaments (ankle joint), lateral, R

                     Lateral (collateral) ligament (anterior talofibular part), R

                     Lateral (collateral) ligament (calcaneofibular part), R

                     Lateral (collateral) ligament (posterior talofibular part), R

                  Subtalar/talocalcaneal ligaments (joint), R

                     Lateral talocalcaneal ligament, R

                     Medial talocalcaneal ligament, R

                     Posterior talocalcaneal ligament, R

                     Interosseous (anterior) talocalcaneal ligament, R

                  Transverse tarsal ligaments (joint), R

                     Plantar calcaneonavicular (spring) ligament, R

                     Bifurcate (calcaneocuboid and calcaneonavicular) ligament, R

                     Dorsal calcaneocuboid ligaments, R

                     Talonavicular ligament, R

                     Plantar calcaneocuboid (short plantar) ligament, R

                     Long plantar ligament, R

                  Distal intertarsal ligaments, R

                     Dorsal cuneonavicular ligament, R

                     Dorsal cuboideonavicular ligament, R

                     Plantar cuboideonavicular ligament, R

                     Dorsal intercuneiform ligaments, R

                     Dorsal cuneocuboid ligament, R

                  Retinacula of the foot, R

                     Superior extensor retinaculum, R

                     Superior peroneal retinaculum, R

                     Inferior extensor retinaculum, R

                     Inferior peroneal retinaculum, R

                  Metatarsophalangeal ligaments, R

                     Metatarsophalangeal articular capsules, R

                     Metatarsophalangeal articular capsule of hallux, R

                  Metatarsal ligaments, R

                     Dorsal metatarsal ligaments, R

                     Deep transverse metatarsal ligament, R

                     Plantar metatarsal ligaments, R

                  Interphalangeal ligaments, R

                     Interphalangeal ligament of hallux, R

                     Interphalangeal (proximal) ligaments of the foot (PIP joints), R

                     Interphalangeal (distal) ligaments of the foot (DIP joints), R

            Ligaments of the hip, R

               Iliofemoral ligament, R

               Pubofemoral ligament, R

               Ischiofemoral ligament, R

            Ligaments of the knee, R

               Lateral meniscus, R

               Lateral collateral (fibular collateral) ligament (LCL), R

               Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), R

               Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), R

               Medial meniscus, R

               Medial collateral (tibial collateral) ligament (MCL), R

               Patellar ligament, R

            Tibiofibular ligaments, R

               Tibiofibular ligament, anterior, R

               Interosseous membrane of the leg (middle tibiofibular ligament), R

SHOULDER GIRDLE

            Ligaments of the shoulder girdle, L

               Sternoclavicular ligament, L

               Coracoclavicular ligament, trapezoid portion, L

               Coracoclavicular ligament, conoid portion, L

               Acromioclavicular ligament, L

               Superior transverse scapular ligament (forms suprascapular foramen), L

               Coracohumeral ligament, L

               Coracoacromial ligament, L

               Capsular ligament, L

            Ligaments of the shoulder girdle, R

               Coracoacromial ligament, R

               Superior transverse scapular ligament (forms suprascapular foramen), R

               Acromioclavicular ligament, R

               Coracoclavicular ligament, conoid portion, R

               Coracoclavicular ligament, trapezoid portion, R

               Coracohumeral ligament, R

               Sternoclavicular ligament, R

               Capsular ligament, R

PELVIC GIRDLE

         Ligaments of the pelvis, L

            Iliolumbar ligament, L

            Anterior sacroiliac ligament, L

            Posterior sacroiliac ligament, L

            Sacrotuberous ligament, L

            Sacrospinous ligament, L

            Obturator membrane, L

            Inguinal ligament, L

         Ligaments of the pelvis, R

            Inguinal ligament, R

            Sacrotuberous ligament, R

            Sacrospinous ligament, R

            Obturator membrane, R

            Iliolumbar ligament, R

            Anterior sacroiliac ligament, R

            Posterior sacroiliac ligament, R

SKULL

         Ligaments of the skull

            Ligaments of the skull, R

               Lateral ligament (mandible), R

               Joint capsule (mandible), R

               Stylomandibular ligament, R

               Sphenomandibular ligament, R

            Ligaments of the skull, L

               Stylomandibular ligament, L

               Sphenomandibular ligament, L

               Joint capsule (mandible), L

               Lateral ligament (mandible), L

VERTEBRAL COLUMN

         Ligaments of the spine

            Intertransverse (lumbar) ligaments, R

            Intertransverse (thoracic) ligaments, L

            Intertransverse (thoracic) ligaments, R

            Intertransverse (lumbar) ligaments, L

            Posterior longitudinal ligament

            Supraspinous ligament

            Intertransverse (cervical) ligaments, R

            Intertransverse (cervical) ligaments, L

            Nuchal ligament

            Anterior longitudinal ligament

            Ligamenta flava, lumbar region

            Ligamenta flava, thoracic region

            Ligamenta flava, cervical region

            Atlanto-axial ligaments

               Tectorial membane of atlanto-axial joint

               Tectorial membrane, R

               Tectorial membrane, L

               Longitudinal fascicles (part of the cruciform ligament of the atlas)

               Posterior atlantoaxial ligament

               Transverse ligament (part of the cruciform ligament of the atlas)

            Atlanto-occipital ligaments

               Atlanto-occipital capsule, R

               Atlanto-occipital capsule, L

               Posterior atlanto-occipital membrane

            Occipitoaxial ligaments

               Alar ligament, L

               Alar ligament, R

               Apical ligament of the dens

AXIAL

      Linea alba

 

Bones and Cartilages:

Skeletal System

   Appendicular

      Upper limb

         Upper limb, L

            Hand, L

               Phalanges (hand), L

                  1st Digit (pollex), phalanges (hand), L

                     1st Proximal phalanx (pollex), L

                     1st Distal phalanx (pollex), L

                  2nd Digit, phalanges (hand), L

                     2nd Proximal phalanx (hand), L

                     2nd Middle phalanx (hand), L

                     2nd Distal phalanx (hand), L

                  3rd Digit, phalanges (hand), L

                     3rd Middle phalanx (hand), L

                     3rd Proximal phalanx (hand), L

                     3rd Distal phalanx (hand), L

                  5th Digit, phalanges (hand), L

                     5th Distal phalanx (hand), L

                     5th Proximal phalanx (hand), L

                     5th Middle phalanx (hand), L

                  4th Digit, phalanges (hand), L

                     4th Distal phalanx (hand), L

                     4th Middle phalanx (hand), L

                     4th Proximal phalanx (hand), L

               Metacarpus (metacarpals), L

                  1st Metacarpal (pollex), L

                  2nd Metacarpal, L

                  3rd Metacarpal, L

                  4th Metacarpal, L

                  5th Metacarpal, L

               Carpus (carpals), L

                  Trapezoid, L

                  Lunate, L

                  Pisiform, L

                  Capitate, L

                  Triquetral (triangular), L

                  Hamate, L

                  Scaphoid, L

                  Trapezium, L

            Ulna (forearm, antebrachium), L

            Radius (forearm, antebrachium), L

            Humerus (arm, brachium), L

         Upper limb, R

            Hand, R

               Phalanges (hand), R

                  1st Digit (pollex), phalanges (hand), R

                     1st Proximal phalanx (pollex), R

                     1st Distal phalanx (pollex), R

                  2nd Digit, phalanges (hand), R

                     2nd Proximal phalanx (hand), R

                     2nd Middle phalanx (hand), R

                     2nd Distal phalanx (hand), R

                  3rd Digit, phalanges (hand), R

                     3rd Middle phalanx (hand), R

                     3rd Proximal phalanx (hand), R

                     3rd Distal phalanx (hand), R

                  5th Digit, phalanges (hand), R

                     5th Distal phalanx (hand), R

                     5th Proximal phalanx (hand), R

                     5th Middle phalanx (hand), R

                  4th Digit, phalanges (hand), R

                     4th Distal phalanx (hand), R

                     4th Middle phalanx (hand), R

                     4th Proximal phalanx (hand), R

               Metacarpus (metacarpals), R

                  1st Metacarpal (pollex), R

                  2nd Metacarpal, R

                  3rd Metacarpal, R

                  4th Metacarpal, R

                  5th Metacarpal, R

               Carpus (carpals), R

                  Trapezoid, R

                  Lunate, R

                  Pisiform, R

                  Capitate, R

                  Triquetral (triangular), R

                  Scaphoid, R

                  Trapezium, R

                  Hamate, R

            Ulna (forearm, antebrachium), R

            Radius (forearm, antebrachium), R

            Humerus (arm, brachium), R

      Lower limb

         Lower limb, L

            Foot, L

               Metatarsus (metatarsals), L

                  3rd Metatarsal, L

                  4th Metatarsal, L

                  1st Metatarsal (hallux), L

                  2nd Metatarsal, L

                  5th Metatarsal, L

               Tarsus (tarsals), L

                  Cuboid, L

                  Medial cuneiform, L

                  Intermediate cuneiform, L

                  Lateral cuneiform, L

                  Navicular, L

                  Talus, L

                  Calcaneus, L

               Phalanges (foot), L

                  4th Digit, phalanges (foot), L

                     4th Proximal phalanx (foot), L

                     4th Middle phalanx (foot), L

                     4th Distal phalanx (foot), L

                  2nd Digit, phalanges (foot), L

                     2nd Proximal phalanx (foot), L

                     2nd Middle phalanx (foot), L

                     2nd Distal phalanx (foot), L

                  5th Digit, phalanges (foot), L

                     5th Proximal phalanx (foot), L

                     5th Middle phalanx (foot), L

                     5th Distal phalanx (foot), L

                  1st Digit (hallux), phalanges (foot), L

                     1st Distal phalanx (hallux), L

                     1st Proximal phalanx (hallux), L

                  3rd Digit, phalanges (foot), L

                     3rd Proximal phalanx (foot), L

                     3rd Middle phalanx (foot), L

                     3rd Distal phalanx (foot), L

            Tibia (leg), L

            Fibula (leg), L

            Femur (thigh), L

            Patella (knee cap), L

         Lower limb, R

            Foot, R

               Metatarsus (metatarsals), R

                  3rd Metatarsal, R

                  4th Metatarsal, R

                  1st Metatarsal (hallux), R

                  2nd Metatarsal, R

                  5th Metatarsal, R

               Tarsus (tarsals), R

                  Cuboid, R

                  Medial cuneiform, R

                  Intermediate cuneiform, R

                  Lateral cuneiform, R

                  Navicular, R

                  Talus, R

                  Calcaneus, R

               Phalanges (foot), R

                  4th Digit, phalanges (foot), R

                     4th Proximal phalanx (foot), R

                     4th Middle phalanx (foot), R

                     4th Distal phalanx (foot), R

                  2nd Digit, phalanges (foot), R

                     2nd Proximal phalanx (foot), R

                     2nd Middle phalanx (foot), R

                     2nd Distal phalanx (foot), R

                  5th Digit, phalanges (foot), R

                     5th Proximal phalanx (foot), R

                     5th Middle phalanx (foot), R

                     5th Distal phalanx (foot), R

                  1st Digit (hallux), phalanges (foot), R

                     1st Distal phalanx (hallux), R

                     1st Proximal phalanx (hallux), R

                  3rd Digit, phalanges (foot), R

                     3rd Proximal phalanx (foot), R

                     3rd Middle phalanx (foot), R

                     3rd Distal phalanx (foot), R

            Tibia (leg), R

            Fibula (leg), R

            Femur (thigh), R

            Patella (knee cap), R

      Shoulder girdle

         Shoulder girdle, L

            Scapula, L

            Clavicle, L

         Shoulder girdle, R

            Scapula, R

            Clavicle, R

      Pelvic girdle

         Pubic symphysis

         Hip bones (innominate bones, os coxae), L

            Ischium, L

            Pubis, L

            Ilium, L

         Hip bones (innominate bones, os coxae), R

            Ischium, R

            Pubis, R

            Ilium, R

   Axial

      Skull

         Teeth

            Lower arch

               [26] Incisor, lateral, R

               [28] Premolar (bicuspid), first, R

               [29] Premolar (bicuspid), second, R

               [31] Molar, second, R

               [32] Molar, third (wisdom), R

               [22] Canine (cuspid), L

               [21] Premolar (bicuspid), first, L

               [20] Premolar (bicuspid), second, L

               [19] Molar, first, L

               [17] Molar, third (wisdom), L

               [25] Incisor, central, R

               [27] Canine (cuspid), R

               [30] Molar, first, R

               [24] Incisor, central, L

               [23] Incisor, lateral, L

               [18] Molar, second, L

            Upper arch

               [12] Premolar (bicuspid), first, L

               [13] Premolar (bicuspid), second, L

               [05] Premolar (bicuspid), first, R

               [04] Premolar (bicuspid), second, R

               [01] Molar, third (wisdom), R

               [08] Incisor, central, R

               [09] Incisor, central, L

               [10] Incisor, lateral, L

               [11] Canine (cuspid), L

               [14] Molar, first, L

               [15] Molar, second, L

               [16] Molar, third (wisdom), L

               [07] Incisor, lateral, R

               [06] Canine (cuspid), R

               [03] Molar, first, R

               [02] Molar, second, R

         Nasal cartilages

            Lateral (upper lateral nasal) cartilage, L

            Greater alar (major alar, lower lateral) cartilage, L

            Septal cartilage

            Lateral (upper lateral nasal) cartilage, R

            Greater alar (major alar, lower lateral) cartilage, R

         Facial skeleton (splanchnocranium, viscerocranium, ossa faciei)

            Facial skeleton, left side

               Lacrimal, L

               Nasal, L

               Maxilla, L

                  Maxilla, hard palate, L

                  Infraorbital canal and foramen, L

                  Maxillary sinus, L

                  Maxilla, L

               Zygomatic, L

                  Zygomatic, L

                  Zygomatic, zygomaticofacial foramen, L

                  Zygomatic, zygomatic orbital foramen, L

                  Zygomatic, zygomaticotemporal foramen, L

               Nasal concha (turbinate), inferior (lower), L

            Facial skeleton, right side

               Nasal, R

               Lacrimal, R

               Maxilla, R

                  Maxillary sinus, R

                  Maxilla, R

                  Infraorbital canal and foramen, R

                  Maxilla, hard palate, R

               Zygomatic, R

                  Zygomatic, R

                  Zygomatic, zygomaticofacial foramen, R

                  Zygomatic, zygomatic orbital foramen, R

                  Zygomatic, zygomaticotemporal foramen, R

               Nasal concha (turbinate), inferior (lower), R

            Mandible

               Mandible, mandibular foramen, L

               Mandible, mental foramen, L

               Mandible, mental foramen, R

               Mandible, mandibular foramen, R

               Mandible

            Palatine, L

            Palatine, R

            Vomer

         Cranium (neurocranium, braincase)

            Calvaria (calva, skullcap)

               Parietal, R

               Parietal, L

               Occipital

                  Occipital

                  Foramen lacerum, occipital surface, L

                  Foramen lacerum, occipital surface, R

                  Jugular foramen, occipital surface, R

                  Jugular foramen, occipital surface, L

                  Foramen magnum

                  Hypoglossal canal, R

                  Condyloid foramen, R

                  Hypoglossal canal, L

                  Condyloid foramen, L

               Frontal

                  Frontal sinus, L

                  Frontal

                  Frontal sinus, R

               Temporal

                  Temporal, L

                     Temporal, L

                     Internal auditory (acoustic) meatus, L

                     External auditory (acoustic) meatus, L

                     Foramen lacerum, temporal surface, L

                     Carotid canal, L

                     Stylomastoid foramen, L

                     Jugular foramen, temporal surface, L

                     Mastoid foramen, L

                  Temporal, R

                     Stylomastoid foramen, R

                     Foramen lacerum, temporal surface, R

                     Carotid canal, R

                     Jugular foramen, temporal surface, R

                     Mastoid foramen, R

                     External auditory (acoustic) meatus, R

                     Internal auditory (acoustic) meatus, R

                     Temporal, R

            Ethmoid

               Ethmoid

               Ethmoid, crista galli

               Ethmoid, perpendicular plate

               Ethmoid sinuses, L

               Ethmoid sinuses, R

               Ethmoid, cribriform plate, L

               Ethmoid, cribriform plate, R

            Sphenoid

               Foramina (sphenoid), L

                  Foramen ovale, L

                  Optic foramen, L

                  Foramen rotundum, L

                  Pterygoid canal, L

                  Foramen lacerum, sphenoidal surface, L

                  Foramen spinosum, L

                  Superior orbital fissure, L

               Foramina (sphenoid), R

                  Optic foramen, R

                  Superior orbital fissure, R

                  Foramen rotundum, R

                  Pterygoid canal, R

                  Foramen lacerum, sphenoidal surface, R

                  Foramen ovale, R

                  Foramen spinosum, R

               Sphenoid

         Hyoid (os hyoideum, lingual bone)

      Thoracic cage

         Sternum

            Xiphoid process

            Manubrium

            Body of sternum

         Thoracic cage, R

            False ribs (08-12), R

               Vertebral (floating) ribs (11-12), R

                  Eleventh rib (11), R

                  Twelfth rib (12), R

               Vertebrochondral ribs (08-10), R

                  Eighth rib (08), R

                  Ninth rib (09), R

                  Tenth rib (10), R

            Vertebrosternal (true) ribs (01-07), R

               First rib (01), R

               Second rib (02), R

               Third rib (03), R

               Fourth rib (04), R

               Fifth rib (05), R

               Sixth rib (06), R

               Seventh rib (07), R

         Thoracic cage, L

            False ribs (08-12), L

               Vertebral (floating) ribs (11-12), L

                  Eleventh rib (11), L

                  Twelfth rib (12), L

               Vertebrochondral ribs (08-10), L

                  Eighth rib (08), L

                  Ninth rib (09), L

                  Tenth rib (10), L

            Vertebrosternal (true) ribs (01-07), L

               First rib (01), L

               Second rib (02), L

               Third rib (03), L

               Fourth rib (04), L

               Fifth rib (05), L

               Sixth rib (06), L

               Seventh rib (07), L

      Laryngeal skeleton

         Cricoid cartilage

         Epiglottis

         Thyroid cartilage

         Vocal cartilages, R

            Corniculate cartilage, R

            Arytenoid cartilage, R

         Vocal cartilages, L

            Corniculate cartilage, L

            Arytenoid cartilage, L

         Cricothyroid membrane and ligament

         Thyrohyoid membrane

         Vocal ligament, L

         Vocal ligament, R

         Hyoepiglottic ligament

         Cricotracheal ligament

      Vertebral column

         Lumbar spine

            L01-L02 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage)

            L02-L03 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage)

            L03-L04 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage)

            L04-L05 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage)

            L05 Vertebra

            L04 Vertebra

            L03 Vertebra

            L02 Vertebra

            L01 Vertebra

         Cervical spine

            C02-C03 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage)

            C03-C04 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage)

            C04-C05 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage)

            C05-C06 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage)

            C06-C07 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage)

            C07-T01 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage)

            C07 Vertebra

            C06 Vertebra

            C05 Vertebra

            C04 Vertebra

            C03 Vertebra

            C02 Axis

            C01 Atlas

         Sacral spine

            L05-S01 Sacral intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage)

            Coccyx

            S01-05 Sacrum

         Thoracic spine

            T01-T02 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage)

            T02-T03 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage)

            T03-T04 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage)

            T04-T05 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage)

            T05-T06 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage)

            T06-T07 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage)

            T07-T08 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage)

            T08-T09 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage)

            T09-T10 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage)

            T11-T12 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage)

            T12-L01 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage)

            T12 Vertebra

            T10 Vertebra

            T09 Vertebra

            T08 Vertebra

            T07 Vertebra

            T06 Vertebra

            T05 Vertebra

            T04 Vertebra

            T03 Vertebra

            T02 Vertebra

            T01 Vertebra

            T10-T11 Intervertebral disc (intervertebral fibrocartilage)

            T11 Vertebra

 

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