New to using Physiology & Pathology? This article highlights the most popular features. Read it, watch the short videos, and you’ll get a good idea of how to move the 3D models, find lessons and animations, and take multiple choice quizzes.
Moving and interacting with the 3D models
Use the following gestures to move or interact with the 3D models on screen.
- Rotate: Drag one finger to rotate the model
- Move/Pan: Drag two fingers to move the model around the screen
- Zoom/Scale: Spread two fingers apart to zoom in. Pinch two fingers together to zoom out.
- Select: Tap on a structure to select it.
- Undo a move: When in a 3D view, select the History button from the bottom menu bar. On phones History is in the bottom menu bar under More. You can then Undo or Redo edits made to the model on screen, or Refresh the model and restore it to the original state.
- Change model from male to female: In the main anatomy views you can switch the model between female and male. On phones this button is in the bottom menu bar under Tools. On tablets this button is on the top menu bar.
Search for content
Select the search bar from the bottom menu bar on the home screen and enter a search term. The results will include entries related to your search term from all types of content in the app. These include:
- Physiology and pathology topics in all 5 units
- Muscle actions
- Cross Sections
Browse content by topic
The Units menu lets you browse content by topic. Select one of the units from the menu and then choose a physiology or a pathology topic to learn more.
Currently, Physiology & Pathology has 5 units:
The Assets menu option on the top menu bar on the home screen allows you to find specific types of content. This includes lessons that present core physiological concepts or common pathologies. Simply select the Lessons option in the menu to see all of the lessons available in the app.
Every lesson has a series 3D anatomy views. In each view, you can select About this view in the Content box to read about the condition. In the first view, there is an overview, while subsequent views focus on more specific concepts. In pathology lessons, the final view shows the healthy anatomy so that you can compare it to the diseased anatomy.
The Assets menu option on the top menu bar on the home screen allows you to find specific types of content. This includes animations that present core physiological concepts or common pathologies. Simply select the Animations option in the menu to see all of the animations in the app. Select the CC button in the bottom right corner of any animation to turn on captions.
The Quizzes menu option on the top menu bar on the home screen includes multiple choice quizzes on physiology and pathology topics, organized by unit. Choose a unit from the menu, and then choose a quiz to test your knowledge.
Once in a quiz, choose an answer and select Submit. If you get the question wrong, you can select Show Answer to see the correct answer. Select Next Question to advance to the next question. On the last question, select Done to see your results.
Get Detailed Information on a Structure
Detailed information about an anatomical structure is accessible from its Content box. In Lessons and Cross Sections, select a structure to see more information. Below the structure’s name appears its Latin name followed by a series of icons.
From left to right, select a button to access the following information:
- Information icon - lesson text
- Book icon - structure definition
- Stethoscope icon - related common pathologies (only available for healthy anatomy)
- Speaker icon - pronunciation (English only)
Explore the Beating Heart
The interactive beating heart is a 3D model that shows how the heart moves. Like the still 3D models, you can select an individual structure to see its name and Latin name, and use the buttons in the Content box to see its definition and related common pathologies, and hear its pronunciation (English only).
Additionally, you can adjust the settings of beating heart to see different elements. The heart control panel is in the bottom left corner of the screen, above the bottom menu bar. From there, you can pause the heart beat and use the scrubber bar to move through the animation at your own pace, as well as change other settings.
From left to right, select a button in the beating heart control panel to change the following settings:
- BPM - use the dial to set the heart rate to 40-100 bpm, or use 16 bpm to really slow it down
- Drop - blood fill
- Arrows - animated blood flow pathway
- Lightning bolt - conduction pathway
- Heart - turn on heart sounds (only available in some 3D views)
- ECG wave - show annotated ECG wave synced with heart beat
Add and remove anatomy
There are a few ways to add and remove anatomy from 3D views within Lessons in Physiology & Pathology:
- To add more anatomy using the hierarchy of a body system (only available for healthy anatomy):
- Select a structure and tap on its name in the Content box to reveal the Breadcrumb trail that shows how that structure is grouped within the body system hierarchy. Select any group in the hierarchy to add the structures in that group to the 3D view.
- To remove one structure at a time:
- Select a structure to show it in the Content box. Then, select the Hide button to remove the structure from the screen.
- To remove a group of structures:
- Turn on Multi-select in the bottom menu bar on iPad and in the Tools menu in bottom bar on iPhone. Then, select a series of structures and select the Hide button in the Content box to remove the selected structures. When done, select the Multi-select button again to turn it off.
Save views and create a presentation
When in a 3D view (a Lesson or Cross Section) or a Slideshow, select Save View from the bottom menu bar to add the view to the Favorites tab on the top bar of the home screen.
To link a set of saved 3D views, enter the Tours menu on the top bar of the home screen and select Start. Select the desired views and tap Save. The presentation will appear in the Tours menu.
The following preferences are available. Select the Settings button in the bottom menu bar to access and set preferences.
- Set the background color for the 3D models on screen to white, gray, or black.
- Turn on Show Gestures to display a locator dot every time the screen is tapped.
- Turn on Closed Captioning to see onscreen text while watching an animation. This option is turned on by default for all languages except English.
- Change the app language. Select the current language displayed to open the list of languages available for menus and Content Box items. Select the language you wish to use.
- On Startup: New opens the app to the main menu. Resume opens the app to the last screen you were on when the app was closed.